Pililua Kekaulike passes away, 1922.



Mr. Editor of the Nupepa Kuokoa, Aloha oe:—Please allow me your patience and kindness, and host in a free space on the deck of the pride of the lahui [the Kuokoa], the heading placed above.

In the three weeks or more under the patient care of the doctors, the men upon who was placed the hope that they could save her life, but in the last moments, the doctors revealed what was sorrowful to think about; the strength and the depth of the sickness in my dear sister Pililua, where there was no hope to save her life; and so after the doctors revealed this sad news, it was a time for great despair, and at 1:30 in the afternoon, Tuesday, June 6, the last breath left her earthly body, in the home of her brother John Punua, at Honuakaha, Honolulu. Continue reading

23 years of independence, La Kuokoa, 1866.

Independence Day of Hawaii nei.—This past Wednesday, the 28th of November, was the day that the Nation of Hawaii gained its independence from the other power of the nations of Britain and France. On that day in the year 1843, the great powers of Britain and France joined together to discuss the bestowing of independence on this Nation, and the two of them agreed to this and we gained this independence. The great island of Australia under the power of Great Britain, but as for us, we are overjoyed, and can boast that we are amongst the few Independent Nations under the sun. There are many islands like us, who live peacefully under the powers over them, but Hawaii lives clearly without any power placed above its head. Therefore the commemoration by the Hawaiian hearts from the East to the West of these islands on this day, is not a small thing, but it is important, and we know by heart the foundational words of our Nation. “E mau ke ea o ka aina i ka pono.” The gaining of this Independence, was not by the point of a sword or the mouth of a gun, but was gotten peacefully, and upon He who sits on the great Throne is our efforts and great trust, and so let us not be mistaken that the drinking of intoxicating drinks is what preserves our Independence, that is not the case. The past Wednesday was the 23rd year of our commemoration. 21 shots were fired from the hill of Puowina [aka Puowaina], and the day went on peacefully from morning until night.

(Kuokoa, 12/1/1866, p. 3)

Ka La Kuokoa o Hawaii nei.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke V, Helu 48, Aoao 3. Dekemaba 1, 1866.

Kalakaua Day, 1916.


Morning Reception, Appearance of Pa-u Riders and Dance at Night Make Up Program

in honor of the Kalakaua Dynasty which ruled over the Hawaiian Islands for 22 years, Honolulu will celebrate tomorrow, and the day will be filled with many pleasant features.

The big affair of the day will occur in the evening when the reception and ball at the armory will be held. Because of the illness of Queen Liliuokalani, she will not be able to attend, but in her place Prince and Princess Kalanianaole will receive the guests. After the reception three orchestras will furnish music for the dancing and a gala time is anticipated. A large number of invitations have been issued and to be sure that no one was overlooked Princess Kawananakoa chairman of the invitation committee, wishes all who have not received invitations to go to the Promotion Committee rooms on Bishop street.

The festivities of the day will begin in the morning when 21 pa-u riders will gather at Princess Auto Stand on King street and from there, headed by Princess Theresa Wilcox, president and wife of the first delegate to congress, and Mrs. J. Fern, vice-president, will march up King street to Aala park. From there the march will return on King and up Fort, to Hotel, then Bishop, King and up Richards to the residence of Queen Liliuokalani, where a short call will be made. From the queen’s residence the riders will follow Beretania street to Pensacola street to the home of Princess Kawananakoa, where a reception will be held from 9 to 12 in the morning. Here a short speech will be made by a member of the riders. In the evening the pa-u riders will attend the ball in full costume of royal purple with leis around their necks and a golden band on which is the word “Kaohelelani,” the name of a descendant of the royal house of Keoua, the father of the Kamehamehas.

The reception of Princess Kawananakoa is for Hawaiians only and therefore no one else will be permitted inside the grounds unless they have a special invitation.

(Star-Bulletin, 11/15/1916, p. 8)


Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Volume XXIV, Number 7674, Page 8. November 15, 1916.

King Kalakaua’s birthday to become a new holiday? 1916.




[Williams Photo]


For the first time, a commemoration of the birthday of King Kalakaua held extensively here in this city yesterday; this day will be celebrated in the future as is the birthday of the Conqueror of the Nation, Kamehameha.

In years past, there were but a very few people who celebrated this day, but from now on, the birthday of Kalakaua will be a day that is important in the history of Hawaii nei.

The activity taking place on the first celebration was the pa-u riding of twenty-one women of the Kaohelelani Pa-u Riders presided over by Mrs. Theresa Wilcox Belliveau. Continue reading

Life stages 15. Haumakaʻiole, 16. Palalauhala, and 17. Kāikōkō.1905.

[Found under: “KA MAKUAHINE PALEKA.”]

The famous saying of the Hawaiians said always in prayers of the old kahuna—”Haumakaiole, palalauhala a kaikoko;” it was those words that showed how long lived the ancient Hawaiians were. Because from the actual meaning of the word “haumakaiole,” it is the shriveling of a person’s eyes that is all wrinkly, which is why they are tiny like that of a rat’s, and that is the stage after gray-haired [poohina]; and elderly [elemakule] comes before gray-haired, but elemakule is the general stage for when a person becomes frail [palupalu].

And after an old and frail person passes the stage of “haumakaiole,” then that person enters into the stage “palalauhala,”and the idea behind that it is the very old age of a person if he continue to live, he cannot walk around by himself, should he not perhaps receive assistance; that is when the person lies constantly atop a mat, and sometimes the person is rolled up in a mat. Continue reading

One more from the Deshas, 1944.

Our Day


At four o’clock on Friday, February 18, and in the Central Kona Union Church, Miss Clara Rose Blank was joined in holy covenant of matrimony with George Ernest Cherry of Kona Inn. Rev. Desha read the lines of the mele which made the two of them into one. The attendants [ku aoao] were R. Leighton Hind for Mr. Cherry and Mrs. Frances Cushingham for Miss Blank.

These are haole youths, but they lived here in Kona for a long time, and have become kamaaina. Miss blank is working for the University Extension Service, and her work takes her into the different homes. One of her duties is to teach housewives how to cook nutritious foods. When guava is ripe, she taught the mothers how to make jelly.

Mr. Cherry is the head of Kona Inn, and they will live at the hotel.

 After the wedding a celebratory party was held for the married couple at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Francis Cushingham of Kealakekua. The club of Kini Ka played and sang the songs of Hawaii nei.

On Friday, February 25, a meeting was held called a Day of Prayer for the World by the mothers of Kona. The mothers gathered in Christ Church, Kealakekua, the Episcopal church of Kona nei.

This endeavor was begun by the women of New York, America, and they sent their program to Christian women all over the world who have the same thought, that is peace on earth. All the various ethnicities participated in the activities of the day. The leader of this exercise was Mrs. Miller the wife of the Episcopal pastor of Kona. Some girls of Kona Waena High School sang; there were perhaps eleven of them.

The spirit of the day and the prayer went like this: With all of your though, with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your strength.

(Hoku o Hawaii, 3/8/1944, p. 2)

Ko Maua La

Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Volume XXXVIII, Number 46, Aoao 2. Maraki 8, 1944.

Even more from the Deshas, 1944.

Our Day


These past days, the Rev. Desha went to Hilo for a conference of pastors held there. He went with Rev. Paul Morimoto and Rev. and Mrs. James Upchurch. Rev. Desha said that this was one of the finest Conferences.

Rev. Desha planned to go to Honolulu once the Conference in Hilo was over for the birthday of his Aunty, Mrs. Bella [Isabella] Desha, and those who know her as Mother Desha. But he gave up this idea to go when he hear that his cousin, Alika Desha, left this life, the youngest son of Mother Desha. How regretful for these young Hawaiians.

Alika [Alexander] Desha was born in Honolulu, and he was forty-nine years old. He was educated at the government schools of Honolulu and Hilo. He married Emma Ukauka of Honolulu and from this union they had five children. For over twenty-five years he worked for the store of P. C. Beamer, his brother-in-law, in Hilo.

The family from Honolulu who came for the funeral was Mother Desha [Isabella Desha], mother of the deceased; Mrs. Ida Becker, sister; David Desha, older brother, Mr. and Mrs. John R. Desha, cousins; and the children, Capt. Adolph Desha, Alec Jr. and Vivian. The funeral was held in the afternoon of Thursday, January 13, 1944. The first funeral congregation was held Elmore Funeral Home for the family and friends. Rev. Moses Moku and Rev. Desha performed the service. The final funeral congregation was held at the Masonic Hall under the direction of the Masons, and there were many friends who came.

The celebration of the birthday of Mother Desha was not neglected, but the children and grandchildren of the one whose day it was gathered in the morning of the Sabbath and honored her with a very nice party. She is eighty years old.

(Hoku o Hawaii, 1/26/1944, p. 1)

Ko Maua La

Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Volume XXXVIII, Number 40, Aoao 1. Ianuari 26, 1944.