The latest from Kohala, 1879.

News of the Apaapaa Winds.

To My Constant Desire, Ka Nupepa Kuokoa.

Aloha oe:—On this past 11th of Oct., fire engulfed more or less 15 acres of Robert R. Hind’s.

This is the cause. The fire jumped from the property of J. W. Keohokii, Esq., while he and his workers were burning the leaves of the sugarcane.

And it was extinguished because of all of those assisting. The luckiest thing was that the cane was all ready to be milled.

While the smoke was billowing, the Fly Wheels of the two Mills spun, that being Haui Mill [Hawi Mill] and Union Mill,  hoping to quickly take care of that burning cane. Because of the terribly wild winds that day, it was not put out quickly.

On that very day of the fire, a Handwritten Newspaper at Kaiopihi under the editing of Joseph Poepoe was issued.

The name of that paper is “Hoku o ke Kai.” When we examined it, the discussions were outstanding.

On the past 16th of this month, at 6 o’clock in the evening, the sugar plantation people of the district of Kohala, from Niulii to Kaauhuhu, met at the Court House. And this is what happened at that meeting.

The officers were chosen first. J. Wight, President; Dr. Thompson, Vice President; H. B. Montgomery, Secretary; D. S. Kahookano, Hawaiian Secretary; Charles Hapkins [Charles Hopkins], Translator.

After this, Henry Johnson explained the purpose of this meeting.

1. Pertaining to the laborers. 2. Pertaining to the wages of the laborers. 3. The work hours per day. This was left to a committee.

D. R. Vida, Esq., asked that a Committee be selected to  form a constitution, laws, and rules; the motion was passed.

H. Johnson, Esq. put forth the name of this organization, that being “Hui imi pono a hooholomua o ka poe mahiko a Wili o Kohala” [Association seeking rights and progress for the workers of the plantations and Mills of Kohala].

The meeting was adjourned until the 30th of Oct. to hear the report of the Committee.

Yesterday afternoon, Oct. 17, a brick fell between the Boilers of the Mill of R. R. Hind, Esq., but there were no serious injuries.

Those were a few news items from here in the Back areas.

Charlse N. Pulaa.

Honomakua, Kohala, Oct. 18, 1879.

(Kuokoa, 10/25/1879, p. 3)

Na Anoai o Ke Apaapaa.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XVIII, Helu 43, Aoao 3. Okatoba 25, 1879.

Bags to ship sugar to be woven of lauhala or akaakai? 1873.


Here is something that is much sought after by the producers of sugar. Bags that are woven with strips [ko-ana] of bulrush [akaakai] or lauahala perhaps, to put brown sugar [ko-paa eleele] in and ship to Australia or America. The previous week, a schooner brought 15,000 bags of this type from New Zealand, and the haole traders greatly appreciated them. The length of the bags are 33 inches, and 17 inches wide. If bags like these are woven here at a reasonable price, and a thousand are made, they will be sold out in a year. Continue reading

Mataio Kekuanaoa, William French, the Chinese, and sugar, 1838.


Mataio Kekuanaoa rethatched the sugar mill building at Peleula, and it is complete. So too of the storehouse and the living quarters of the Chinese. This is how sugarcane is dealt with at this facility.

Mataio deals with the buildings, raw cane, firewood, and the horses used to pull loads; Mr. French [Mr. Farani] deals with the Chinese who clean the cane and process the cane and fill the bags; and then it is divided by weight, two thirds for Kekuanaoa and one third for Mr. French. Also, there are some of Kekuanaoa’s Hawaiian men who work with the Chinese, and as for the bags [? ekeeke laulau] for the sugar, that is to be provided by the person to whom the sugar belongs.

Listen, all you farmers, chiefs, and makaainana of Honolulu nei! Should you possess raw cane, bring it to be milled, and you will receive half of the sugar [ko maloo] produced from the raw cane that you bring. Two…

(Kumu Hawaii, 12/19/1838, p. 59)


Ke Kumu Hawaii, Buke 4, Pepa 15, Aoao 59. Dekemaba 19, 1938.

…sixths of the sugar will go to Mr. French [Mi. Farani] for the labor, and one sixth will go to Kekuanaoa for the building and facilities, and three sixths will go to you to whom belonged the raw cane.

It is good to plant sugarcane in Honolulu now, because it is clear who has the mill and will work it. Do plant, people with land and people with oo, so that no more will you be without the basics of life, and your meager way of life will be over.

(Kumu Hawaii, 12/19/1838, p. 60)

...hapaono o ke ko...

Ke Kumu Hawaii, Buke 4, Pepa 15, Aoao 60. Dekemaba 19, 1938.