Astronomy, 1909.

The Hawaiian Astronomy.

It is a great pity that David Malo, the Hawaiian Historian and Antiquarian, did not preserve in his “Moolelo Hawaii” or Hawaiian Antiquities, some account on Ancient Hawaiian Astronomy. S. M. Kamakau, a contemporary of David Malo, and also a writer on the Ancient History of Hawaii nei, is little better off, about this matter than his colleague. He wrote an article on “Instructions in Ancient Hawaiian Astronomy” and was published in the Nupepa Kuokoa of Aug. 5th, 1865. It was translated into English by Prof. W. D. Alexander for Maile Wreath (Lei Maile), and was republished by Mr. Thos. G. Thrum, in his “Hawaiian Annual” for 1890.

In the year 1885, we found in the monthly newspaper, “Ka Hoku o ke Kai,” that subject was treated again, only to last a very short time. And about twelve or thirteen years ago we again found certain very valuable statements pertaining to the Ancient History of Hawaii by Kanalu, said to be the priestly ancestor of the priesthood or order of Kanalu.

We saw in “The Journal of the Polynesian Society,” Vol. XVI, No. 2, an article on “Tahitian Astronomy” by Miss Teuira Henry. It treats the “Birth of the Heavenly Bodies.” It is very interesting.

In order to preserve these accounts relating to Hawaiian Astronomy, we give our English translation here, starting first from the account in Ka Hoku o ke Kai (1885).

In ancient times, the class of people studying the positions of the moon, the rising and setting of certain fixed stars and constellations, and also of the sun, are called the kilo-hoku or astrologers. Their observations of these heavenly bodies might well be called the study of astronomy. The use of astrology anciently, was to predict certain events of fortunes and misfortunes, victory or defeat of a battle, death of king or queen, or any high chief; it also foretells of pestilence, famine, fine or stormy weather and so forth.

The old Hawaiians knew some names of certain planets and several constellations. The names of planets are somewhat slightly different in corresponding English names, rendered by Andrews, Alexander and the late Dr. Bishop.

HAW. NAMES OF PLANETS ANDREWS. ALEXANDER. BISHOP.
1 Ukali Mercury Mercury Mercury
2 Hokuao
Hokuloa Venus Venus Venus
Mananalo
3 Holoholopinaau Mars Saturn Mars
4 Kaawela Venus (an evening star) Jupiter Jupiter
5 Naholoholo Saturn (See No. 3) Saturn

The Hawaiian name for Mars according to Prof. Alexander is Hokuula (red star). In the newspaper “Ka Hoku o ka Pakipika,” published about the year 1860, the name for the planet Saturn was Makalii, Kauopae for Jupiter and Polowehilani for Mars.

(To be Continued)

(Kuokoa Home Rula, 4/2/1909, p. 2)

The Hawaiian Astronomy.

Kuokoa Home Rula, Buke VII, Helu 14, Aoao 2. Aperila 2, 1909.

One more week, and 15,000 pages to go up online! 2012.

One week and counting, (November 28, 2012) before 15,500 pages of word-searchable Hawaiian-Language Newspaper pages are scheduled to go online! The work by more than 65,000 people worldwide, many of whom had no Hawaiian language ability, should be something!! See Ike Kuokoa for more information.

Hopefully all of the pages of Hoku o ka Pakipika and the first year of Ke Au Okoa that were done years ago before this volunteer project will finally go up as well!

On traditional stories and finishing properly what you begin, 1862.

Words of Advice.

Before you, all those who want to write and publish stories (mooolelo and kaao) in the Hoku o ka Pakipika: you must all write the whole story from the beginning all the way until the end. Because it will be a waste of time to start printing before it is completed, as Kawelo by the person who submitted it, was printed in the Hoku o ka Pakipika [“Mooolelo no Kawelo” by S. K. Kawailiula from 9/26/1861 to 12/5/1861—5 helu total].

And as for the person who submitted the story of Mokulehua, he did not get to the end [“He wahi Kaao no Mokulehua” begins on 11/28/1861, and in the Helu 2 (12/5/1861), there is a note from the editor at the bottom, “Send in more of the story of Mokulehua; make it quick lest the Hoku o ka Pakipika give you a kick.” Helu 3 in the next issue (12/12/1861) is very short, and there is a long hiatus until well after this letter is published. It finally reappears as “He Moolelo no Mokulehua on 3/13/1862 to 3/27/1862, 6 Helu in total, by B. K. H.**.]; and so too of some other kaao and mooolelo that were published partially in this newspaper; therefore, i feel that it is necessary for the editor of the Hoku o ka Pakipika to require that those who write in mooolelo and kaao to complete it and then to put it before the editor, and then it can be printed from beginning to end, and it is right and good, and everyone who reads it will be satisfied.

Now then! all you people who write in mooolelo and kaao, don’t take this as a critique; no, it is just clarification, so that you all know.

Now then! let’s all finish everything we start properly, as some of us were taught by our parents: don’t do things leaving off the beginning, cutting off the top like a maimed one, imitating Lonomuku. What is necessary is to make it well-rooted, as are some of the mooolelo and kaao that are being published, and that is what what people all over really want. This is just encouragement to all my friends living throughout these Hawaiian islands. With aloha to the Hoku o ka Pakipika. I am done, Kaumakapili’s child returns, as the fields are tranquil with birds and it is eventide.  J. D. KAUAKOIAWE.

Kaumakapili, Honolulu, Dec. 24, 1861.

(Hoku o ka Pakipika, 1/2/1862, p. 4)

He Olelo ao.

Ka Hoku o ka Pakipika, Buke 1, Helu 15, Aoao 4. Ianuari 2, 1862.