The sugarcane called puaole grew 21 feet tall? 1866.

There is nothing longer. [Aohe no o ka loa.]—We just saw this Friday, in front of the Post Office, there was brought the longest sugarcane, propagated in the yard of Halaaniani, the town home of that son, the Great Major [William Luther Moehonua]. Continue reading

More on the sugarcane called, “pua ole,” 1858.

Pertaining to the non-flowering sugarcane.

The readers of the Hae Hawaii saw the statement of John Richardson [Ioane Richardson] pertaining to the non-flowering sugarcane of Waikapu, Maui. So that the accuracy or inaccuracy of this statement is made known to the people of Waikapu about this thing, here below is his letter speaking about their thoughts. Continue reading

Interesting advertisement, 1873.


As incentive to have Hawaiian parents care properly for their children, and to assist in the growth of the lahui of this Archipelago, I promise forthwith to pay


For each child born in Waikapu, Maui, after this date. Here are the conditions to this Agreement. It is a child born in Waikapu proper, and their parent must live there. Here is how the payment works: TEN DOLLARS when they are born and the child’s name is recorded. Ten Dollars each year for four years thereafter, and on the fifth year, the total FIFTY DOLLARS remaining will be given.  H. CORNWELL, (Konawela.)

Honolulu, December 7, 1872.

[I wonder what the rest of this story is. It is interesting to note that this precedes the reign of Kalakaua and his famous proclamation, “Hooulu Lahui”.

It seems Henry Cornwell and his brother-in-law, James Louzada, had by then made a good amount of money on sugar in Waikapu.]

(Kuokoa, 3/8/1873, p. 3)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XII, Helu 10, Aoao 3. Maraki 8, 1873.

Manuel Cladeira, master gardener, 1913.


The tallest sugarcane thought to be growing in Hawaii, and perhaps the whole world, is the cane planted by Mr. Manuela Caldeira in the uplands of Pauoa; it’s height reaches about thirty feet, without it losing any of its growing vigor.

The reason for it growing so tall is because of the skill of the one growing it, and he is someone Pauoa’s people speak often of for his knowledge in growing all sorts of plants, and making them fruit profusely when it is time for them to fruit.

The sugarcane was planted twenty months ago, while being cared for as the one who planted them only knows how, and it grew from when it was small until now where it has some ninety-five nodes; and as its growing strength has not abated, it is believed that this cane will reach over a hundred nodes.

It isn’t for just that cane that the Portuguese man has found fame for planting, but for all the things he plants, because when they fruit, it is very abundant, and the fruiting happens quickly.

From a single mango tree that was planted, gotten are three types of mangoes, and at times one mango will weigh almost two pounds.

As for plants grown for the beauty of its flowers, red flowers and white ones bloom on a single tree.

(Kuokoa, 2/14/1913, p. 6)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLIX, Helu 7, Aoao 6. Feberuari 14, 1913.