The mirage of Limaloa, 1885.


O Ko Hawaii Pae Aina newspaper,

Aloha oe:—Please allow your patience to let me shake hands with your captain and the metal typesetting boys.

At dawn, 2 o’clock, on the Wednesday of the 1st of July, the night of Laau Pau in the reckoning of the Hawaiians. We left Waimea and the motion of our cars were driven straight for Lolomauna, where we would stay and watch for the building of the village [kauhale] of Limaloa, and we settled back for the rest of the night and the morning; it was a 6 o’clock. Our eyes looked quietly down at the beautiful flat plains of Limaloa spread silently before us,  hoping to see the famed magical kauhale (Limaloa), but we did not. 7 o’clock passed by and there was no sign of what we were hoping to see, and 7 minutes thereafter, the plains of Limaloa began to change; they were shrouded in different colors: red, yellow, and green, and glittered like gold, and it moved from the sea upland, and amongst the coconut trees that were standing. And from there it went on until the edge of the salt beds, headed towards Mana like an ocean wave crashing upon the surface of the sea.

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Two gifts in one, 2014.

Are you looking for the special gift for someone near or far? When you pick up calendars from the Hawaiian Historical Society, you are giving two gifts in one—a calendar for your loved one, and a donation to the Historical Society as well!

The Hawaiian Historical Society’s Hawaiian history calendar for 2015 is now available. The new calendar features historical photographs of outstanding sites in Hawaiʻi state parks on Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Maui, and Hawaiʻi Island. Many of the places that are now part of the park system have long attracted residents and visitors alike. The photographs chosen for the calendar exemplify the scenic beauty and unique natural features that have made these locales favored destinations for many decades.

Hawaiian Historical Society
Iao, one of the scenes from the 2015 calendar.

The photographs in the calendar were gleaned from the collections of the Hawaiian Historical Society, the Hawaiʻi State Archives, the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, the Kauaʻi Historical Society and the Hawaiian Mission Children’s Society Library. They date from the1860s through the late 1930s. image: January 2015 calendarAs always, the calendar’s pages are filled with notes about significant dates and interesting facts in Island history as well as the phases of the moon. They are great solutions for seasonal gift-giving quandaries.

Society members can purchase copies of the calendar for $8.00 each (plus $3.00 postage when mailed to you). The retail price is $10 per calendar. Bulk rates are available. The calendars can be obtained directly from the Hawaiian Historical Society office at 560 Kawaiahaʻo Street, Honolulu, HI 96813. Telephone (808) 537-6271. Look for them at the annual HHS open house and book sale December 11.

The 2015 Hawaiian history calendar is also available at the following book and gift shops: Native Books at Ward Warehouse; the Mission Houses Gift Shop; the Hawaii State Art Museum Gift Shop; and Kailua General Store.

For more information, see the Hawaiian Historical Society web page!

Hauoli Makahiki Hou! 1906 / 2014.

Wishing you all a very happy 2014. This calendar is fashioned after the one given by the newspaper Aloha Aina in 1906 to its readers. It features a picture of the typesetters and the paperboys of the newspaper taken on December 30, 1905. Please feel free to save it onto your desktop and print it out and put it up on your wall or give it away to someone who you think will appreciate it!

I hope that with next year will come more exciting stories from the past which will encourage people to at least consider why the Hawaiian-Language Newspapers are important to us today and tomorrow. Perhaps it will encourage the individuals, agencies, and organizations who can benefit from the knowledge that the many, many kupuna thought important enough to entrust to the safekeeping of the pages of the Newspapers, to think about funding the rescanning as well as the conservation of the Newspapers, so that the information contained in them can be easily accessed by those of today and the generations to come…



Another example of “Hilo Aihue”, 1912.

Calendar for 1912


January February March
MAUI—Ikuwa MAUI—Makalii MAUI—Hinaiaeleele
OAHU—Hilina OAHU—Ikiiki OAHU—Kaaona
KAUAI—Ikiiki KAUAI—Kaelo KAUAI—Hinaiaeleele
1 Monday Hua 1 Thursday Akua 1 Friday Hua
2 Tuesday Akua 2 Friday Hoku* 2 Saturday Akua
3 Wednesday Hoku 3 Saturday Mahealani* 3 Sunday Hoku*
4 Thursday Mahealani 4 Sunday Kulu 4 Monday Mahealani*
5 Friday Kulu 5 Monday Laaukukahi 5 Tuesday Kulu
6 Satuday Laaukukahi 6 Tuesday Laaukulua 6 Wednesday Laaukukahi
7 Sunday Laaukulua 7 Wednesday Laaupau 7 Thursday Laaukulua
8 Monday Laaupau 8 Thursday Olekukahi 8 Friday Laaupau
9 Tuesday Olekukahi 9 Friday Olekulua 9 Satuday Olekukahi
10 Wednesday Olekulua 10 Satuday Olepau 10 Sunday Olekulua
11 Thursday Olepau 11 Sunday Kaloakukahi 11 Monday Olepau
12 Friday Kaloakukahi 12 Monday Kaloakulua 12 Tuesday Kaloakukahi
13 Satuday Kaloakulua 13 Tuesday Kaloapau 13 Wednesday Kaloakulua
14 Sunday Kaloapau 14 Wednesday Kane 14 Thursday Kaloapau
15 Monday Kane 15 Thursday Lono 15 Friday Kane
16 Tuesday Lono 16 Friday Mauli 16 Satuday Lono
17 Wednesday Mauli 17 Satuday Muku Hilo† 17 Sunday Mauli
18 Thursday Muku 18 Sunday Hilo 18 Monday Muku
19 Friday Hilo 19 Monday Hoaka 19 Tuesday Hilo
20 Satuday Hoaka 20 Tuesday Kukahi 20 Wednesday Hoaka
21 Sunday Kukahi 21 Wednesday Kulua 21 Thursday Kukahi
22 Monday Kulua 22 Thursday Kukolu 22 Friday Kulua
23 Tuesday Kukolu 23 Friday Kupau 23 Satuday Kukolu
24 Wednesday Kupau 24 Satuday Olekukahi 24 Sunday Kupau
25 Thursday Olekukahi 25 Sunday Olekulua 25 Monday Olekukahi
26 Friday Olekulua 26 Monday Olekukolu 26 Tuesday Olekulua
27 Satuday Olekukolu 27 Tuesday Olepau 27 Wednesday Olekukolu
28 Sunday Olepau 28 Wednesday Huna 28 Thursday Olepau
29 Monday Huna 29 Thursday Mohalu 29 Friday Huna
30 Tuesday Mohalu 30 Saturday Mohalu
31 Wednesday Hua 31 Sunday Hua

* Full Moon.  †New Moon; because of the short day, Hilo-aihue is the moon.

(Au Hou, 1/24/1912, p. 1)

Alemanaka no 1912

Ke Au Hou, Buke 3, Helu 3, Aoao 1. Ianuari 24, 1912.

More on traditional calendars, 1906.

Calendar for 1906

Offered from KA NA’I AUPUNI.


Name of Month of Hawaii [Island]—Nana.
” ” Maui—Hinaiaeleele.
” ” Oahu—Kaaona.
” ” Kauai—Hinaiaeleele.

1 Poaha [Thurs] Olekukahi
2 Poalima [Fri] Olekulua
3 Poaono [Sat] Olekukolu
4 Sabati [Sabbath] Olepau
5 Poakahi [Mon] Huna
6 Poalua [Tues] Mohalu
7 Poakolu [Wed] Hua
8 Poaha Akua
9 Poalima Hoku
10 Poaono Mahealani¹
11 Sabt. Kulu
12 Poakahi Laaukukahi
13 Poalua Laaukulua
14 Poakolu Laaupau
15 Poaha Olekukahi
16 Poalima Olekulua
17 Poaono Olekupau
18 Sabt. Kaloakukahi
19 Poakahi Kaloakulua
20 Poalua Kaloapau
21 Poakolu Kane
22 Poaha Lono
23 Poalima Mauli
24 Poaono Hilo³
25 Sabt. Hoaka
26 Poakahi Kukahi
27 Poalua Kulua
28 Poakolu Kukolu
29 Poaha Kupau
30 Poalima Olekukahi
31 Poaono Olekulua

1. Mahealani—Full moon by Hawaiian count, and same as the Haole count.

2. Muku—There is no moon; its moon is taken by Hilo, and that is why it is called “Hilo Aihue” [Thieving Hilo]. Therefore, Muku enters or is lost into the night of Hilo, and it can be said that the night of the 24th, is the night of Saturday, and is a night of “Muku” as well as “Hilo.”

3. Hilo—This is the night of the New Moon, that being Hilo: however, it might be only seen for a bit, being that this moon, Hilo, appears at 1:24 and 9 seconds in the afternoon. (This is the time of the mahina hou (new moon) according to the haole). The sun will set at 6:04 and 2 seconds. At 11:47  that night, the moon will set.

Clarification—This explanation will be changed every month.

[I recently ran across this term “Hilo Aihue” once again after not seeing it for a number of years. The earliest i have seen it used is by a man commonly known as J. L. Kukahi. He actually gives his name as being Joseph Liwai Kawohikukahi, and his explanation of “Hilo Aihue” appears in an ongoing argument with D. M. Punini, Jr. (David M. Punini, Jr.) over the traditional Hawaiian calendar. See Makaainana, 4/22/1895, p. 3.]

(Na’i Aupuni, 3/26/1906, p. 3)

Alemanaka no 1906

Ka Na’i Aupuni, Buke I, Helu 102, Aoao 3. Maraki 26, 1906.

Poepoe’s chart of the traditional month names, 1906.



Names of the Months of Hawaii Nei.


1 Kaelo  Ikuwa  Ikuwa  Hilina  Ikuwa  January
2 Kaulua  Makalii  Hinaiaeleele  Ikiiki  Welehu  February
3 Nana  Hinaiaeleele  Welo  Kaaona  Kaelo  March
4 Welo  Kaelo  Makalii  Makalii  Kaulua  April
5 Ikiiki  Ka’ulua  Kaelo  Hinaiaeleele  Kaaona  May
6 Kaaona  Kaaona  Kaulua  Mahoe-mua  Nana  June
7 Hinaiaeleele  Ikiiki  Nana  Mahoe-hope  Mahoe-mua  July
8 Mahoe-mua  Nana  Ikiiki  Welehu  Mahoe-hope  August
9 Mahoe-hope  Hilina  Kaaona  Hilinehu  Welehu  September
10 Ikuwa  Hilinama  Hilinehu  Ka’ulua  Makalii  October
11 Welehu  Hilinehu  Hilinama  Kaelo  Hilinama  November
12 Makalii  Welehu  Welehu  Hilinama  Hilinehu  December

[This is Joseph Mokuohai Poepoe’s chart appearing in his series comparing various histories, “Moolelo Hawaii Kahiko” [Old Hawaiian History], appearing in the newspaper Na’i Aupuni.]

(Na’i Aupuni, 10/18/1906, p. 1)


Ka Na’i Aupuni, Buke II, Helu 117, Aoao 1. Okatoba 18, 1906.

Check out Hawaiian Historical Society’s new calendar, 2014.

2014 Hawaiian History Calendar

The Hawaiian Historical Society’s Hawaiian history calendar for 2014 includes significant dates and interesting facts about Hawaiʻi’s history, local holidays, and phases of the moon. The calendar features photos taken between 1899 and 1902 showing scenes of windward Oʻahu, the Old Pali Road, a fishing village and boats in Honolulu harbor, and rice fields. The photos are from the Daniel W. Snow Photograph Collection at the Hawaiian Historical Society.

Click here to order one for yourself, or for gifts for friends here and across the ocean!