Leleiohoku, the Prince Regent, 1874.


By His Highness


Before the Citizens at Ewa, Oahu.

[Ewa’s makaainana are surely very proud that they were victorious, hearing the words from His Highness, the Chief, and the Crowned Prince of the Nation, W. P. Leleiohoku, on Saturday, April 25, 1874. Because of the excellence of the content, and that this is the very first of his speeches, and because of the great desire and admiration for it, therefore, we are putting it before the public to admire it for themselves, to see the intelligent expression from the Young Prince. Ed.]

O Citizens:—My naau¹ is filled with joy to see upon your faces this day, a sign telling me that your loving hearts are encouraged by the astute remarks of our King spoken of in his royal address pertaining to one of the foundations of His Kingdom, that being

“The Increase of the Lahui.”

The is an important question which our King puts before you, and not just you, but before all of the citizens of His Kingdom from Hawaii to Kauai; it is a wide, deep, and lingering question. And this is the appropriate time for us to raise this question to consider it, being that the lahui continues to decrease, from the conditions as shown in the dark ages gone by.

As I speak on the subject of this question, let us look to the future, and consider the character of the One who asked this question, that being our current King. He did not simply take up [lawe kamako²] this endeavor, or do it on his own; he carefully considered it, trusting in your patience in helping Him in search out means to rejuvenate this lahui. Continue reading

King Kalakaua leaves for America, 1874.

The Alii, the King, boarded the battleship Benecia at 10 oʻclock and 30 minutes on the morning of this past Tuesday [11/17/1874] to go to the United States of America. When he reached the wharf, seaside of Halemahoe, it was an awesome sight; the seeing off by his subjects of the King on his travels to foreign lands. The people crowded together to shake his hand, give gifts, kiss his hand, and chant his name songs, but the King did not dawdle. When the skiff came by for him, accompanied by the Prince Regent [Kahu Aupuni] and the attendants, the sailors of the battleships Tenedos, Scout, and Benecia climbed the yard, and as the skiff moved on, the battery of Ainahou and the two British battleships each gave a 21 gun salute,— Continue reading

Leleiohoku appointed Prince Regent, 1874.



We, Kalakaua, by the Grace of God of the Hawaiian Islands King:

Agreeably to Article Thirty-third of the Constitution of Our Kingdom, We have this day appointed, and do hereby proclaim and make known, Our beloved subject and Brother, His Royal Highness Prince William Pitt Leleiohoku, as Regent of Our Kingdom, to administer Our Government in Our name during Our absence from Our Kingdom.

]L. S.]

Done at Iolani Palace in Honolulu, this Thirteenth day of November, in the Year of Our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-four, and in the First Year of Our Reign.


By the King

W. L. Green,

Minister of Foreign Affairs.

(Hawaiian Gazette, 11/18/1874, p. 2)


Hawaiian Gazette, Volume X, Number 46, Page 2. November 18, 1874.

O Leleiohoku ke Kahu Aupuni, 1874.


O MAKOU O KALAKAUA, ma ka Lokomaikai o ke Akua, Moi o ko Hawaii Pae Aina:

I kulike ai me ka Pauku Kanakolu kumamakolu o ka Kumukanawai o ko Makou Aupuni, ke hookohu aku nei Makou, a ke kuahaua aku nei me ka hoikeike aku i ko Makou makaainana a kaikaina aloha, Ka Mea Kiekie ke Alii ke Keiki Alii WILLIAM PITT LELEIOHOKU i Kahu Aupuni no ko Makou Aupuni, e lawelawe i na hana o ke Aupuni ma ko Makou inoa, oiai ko Makou kaawale ana mai keia aupuni aku.

Hanaia ma Halealii Iolani, ma Honolulu, i keia la Umi-kumamakolu o Novemaba, Makahiki o ko Kakou Haku, Hookahi Tausani Ewalu Haneri a me Kanahiku Kumamaha, a i ka mua o na makahiki o ko Makou noho Alii ana.

Na ka Moi     KALAKAUA R.

W. L. Green, Kuhina o ko na Aina e.

(Kuokoa, 11/21/1874, p. 2)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XIII, Helu 47, Aoao 2. Novemaba 21, 1874.

Birthday of the Prince Regent, Leleiohoku, 1875.

Birthday of the Heir to the Throne.

This coming Sunday, the 10th of January, is the birthday of Prince W. P. Leleiohoku, and he will be twenty years old. He was born on the 10th of January, 1855, on the day of King Kauikeaouli’s funeral, and for that reason, he is called Kalahoolewa. According to what we have heard, the day will be held as a holiday [la hoomanao kulaia]; however, because the day falls on a Sunday, the commemoration will be postponed until Monday, that being the 11th of January this year; and this will be the first time that his birthday will be widely celebrated, for us to give high tribute to the one who is Prince Regent in place of his Brother the King who has left for lands afar. With stirrings of expectation, we are hopeful that this will be a day set aside as a holiday that will be celebrated all over the kingdom appropriately.

[King Kalakaua was away from the Kingdom, travelling to Washington, DC, to secure a reciprocity treaty with the United States. Leleiohoku served as Prince Regent during this period from the Kalakaua’s departure on the morning of 11/17/1874 until his return on the morning of 2/15/1875.

For more, check out Nanea Armstrong Wassel’s Instagram page!]

(Lahui Hawaii, 1/1/1875, p. 2)

La Hanau o ka Hooilina Moi.

Ka Lahui Hawaii, Buke I, Helu 1, Aoao 2. Ianuari 1, 1875.

Leleiohoku’s birthday, 1868.

A Birthday Feast.—At 3 o’clock on this past Friday, a birthday party was held at Kaakopua, the home of the Royal Governess of the big island, to celebrate the day of birth of her hanai, the one who is named after the day of the funeral [hoolewa] of the departed King Kamehameha III, that is Kalahoolewa.

“Heia ka mano o ka ua i Alakai,
Nahae ka mauna weluwelu e ka noe,
Kau liilii i ke kiu wai ahulu,
Kapa ia mai e Waimea, he kiu
Ke komikomi la i ka wai pao—e.” Continue reading

A birthday celebration for Leleiohoku, 1867.

[Found under: “NUHOU KULOKO: Honolulu.”]

Birthday Banquet.—This past Thursday, January 10, a Banquet was held at the residence of the Governess [Kiaaina Wahine] of Hawaii island, here in Honolulu, to celebrate the birthday of this Chiefly offspring, that being Kalahoolewa.

[If you did a name search using Keelikolani or William Pitt Leleiohoku, this article would not have been found. People are often referred to by their rank or office, or by one of their many names. It would be an invaluable resource is there was one place that showed this kind of information.]

(Kuokoa, 1/12/1867, p. 2)

Ahaaina La Hanau.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke VI, Helu 2, Aoao 2. Ianuari 12, 1867.