A visit to the Mormon settlement, Iosepa, Utah, 1912.

Travelling to Find Hawaiians in Iosepa, Utah.

Following the Presidential Nominating Convention in Chicago, I boarded the evening train, along with my travelling companions, on the sabbath, June 23, to return to San Francisco. We arrived at Salt Lake City at 5 p. m. on Tuesday evening, and I jumped off alone in that foreign land while my companions continued all the way.

The next day, I went to grounds of the Mormon temple and asked for the way to get to where the Hawaiians lived in Iosepa. I was told by the locals that Tempie was where the train stopped to go to Iosepa, and eight more miles and you’d reach Iosepa. I was restrained to wait for one of the Mormon teachers who lived here in Hawaii, for they knew the way to Iosepa, but I did not wait, I toured about the city until the time the train departed, and I boarded for Tempie.

I arrived there at 4:30 and saw a barren land with but two buildings, no trees, no crops, and they were just houses for the men who worked on the railroad. I was shocked, because there was no one home; I looked at the road lying to the south, to the east of the valley and I decided to walk until the houses of the locals of Iosepa, and so I went as a malihini on that lonely deserted road; I looked as far as my eyes could see, and there were no homes in sight, but I continued walking forward for eight miles and reached a hillock from which I could see four more miles, but I couldn’t see any houses, while I recalled what was told to me, that it was eight miles from Tempie to Iosepa; I was confused, thinking that maybe this wasn’t the correct road, so I turned back once again for Tempie. The sun went down, but the moon came out, so the trip on this deserted foreign land was not forlorn.

I arrived back in Tempie at eleven that night, knocked on the door, and the kamaaina, who was a Greek, awoke, and I slept there that night. He asked me about my travels, and I told him that I was headed for Iosepa, and I asked him the right way to get there, and he told me that that was indeed the road but he estimated that it was fourteen miles before reaching Iosepa.

Early the next morning, we were done with breakfast, and my kamaaina went off to work; he locked up the house, and I sat out on the lanai, waiting for for the mail truck, since the locals told me that the letter truck to Iosepa arrived at two that afternoon; I thought to walk once again, but because of swelling of my legs, I couldn’t do it.

In the afternoon, a delivery truck driven by a Hawaiian youth born there arrived first. After him arrived the mail truck driven by John Broad, the son of Charles Broad, along with three passengers headed for Salt Lake. I spent time with them until their train arrived and they left; and I waited for the train from Salt Lake; its arrival ran late, and it came at about six; we got the mail bag, and I went along with Jno. Broad to Iosepa which he said was sixteen miles from Iosepa to Tempie. We arrived at Iosepa at dusk, at eight in the evening and visited the home of Charles Broad and his queen [wife]. There I ate poi once again, that being poi palaoa [poi made of flour], and this was much tastier and better than the expensive haole food that I had in the American hotels.

I spent time with the Hawaiians living there, and asked about how their lives were;  they said their way of life in Iosepa was pleasant. Charles Broad and George Hubbel told me that when they were home in the land of their birth, they were subject to frequent bouts of rheumatism but in Iosepa they were fine and this ailment giving them sore bones disappeared. I was asked to stay back by the kamaaina to spend [seems to be a dropped line here: “hoohala i mau lakou”] so that they can properly welcome me, like by roasting a pig, joining together in celebration, and allowing time for the two singing groups to  come and entertain me with their music and Hawaiian songs that they cherish in that foreign land. But because of my very short time left before the Wilhelmina, my ship upon which I was returning, was leaving, therefore, I could not accept their invitation.

The town of Iosepa is east of Skull Valley [Awawa Pookanaka], and it is land dedicated as a home for kanaka people. Hawaiians are the majority living there, and there are some kauna [forty] samoans and the head haole and his family. There are 176 people in Iosepa. There is a school house, store, post office, church, dance hall, and a lanai for parties on special occasions.

The work people do there is farming, planting oats, wheat, potatoes, barley, and so forth. The land is flat and stretches out, and there is much space, enough for a thousand people, and there is a lot of spring water in that valley, but the land is like a salt bed, and it is by irrigation that the crops grow. Should you want a homestead, you can get 320 acres, being that there is abundant land yet few people.

Water is brought in for the town of Iosepa from the deep, grooved ravines of the mountains for many miles in canals which are lined with cement and runs out to a reservoir, and from there the water runs into great pipes reaching the roads of Iosepa and entering the house lots of the people.  The Church spent $76,000 to lay the waterway.

It is thought that it was an ultimate feat of Maui County, which spent $100,000 to lay the water system to bring the water from Puohokamoa Stream as water for the thousands of people of Makawao and Kula and the thousands of cattle of Kahikinui, however, people have to pay to get the water; as for the water in Iosepa, the Mormon Church paid $76,000 to get the water to make the life of the Hawaiians there easy, and they give it for free.

After finishing breakfast, the Head Boss, William Wadup [Waddoups], invited me to  tour the work place of the people, and so I went with him aboard his vehicle [Not sure what a “kaa bake” is, but it appeared in an earlier article i put up]. We arrived at the place of work, and I saw two men cutting grass. They sat atop the machine, guided the horses straight, and the machine was what cut the grass. And at another location, the dried grass (hay) was piled onto a large truck and taken to where it was heaped up, and the pile was as tall as a two-story building.

George Hubbel told me that pitching hay with long-handled three-pronged pitch forks was the most important job there, and the pay for that job was two dollars and a half a day for a single man, and three dollars for a married man; for other jobs, the pay was a dollar quarter and  a dollar half a day.

As I made ready to depart Iosepa that afternoon, people were let off work, they told me because it was windy that they could not pitch hay, and they all came down to see me and to give their aloha to the families in the land of their birth. There was much asking for me to visit them again should I come back to America, and from what I saw, they were very happy at the arrival of one of their own who saw and visited with them in this foreign land upon which they live.

They told me that in the twenty or more years which they lived in Iosepa, there were a great many Hawaiians who visited Salt Lake City, but I was a Hawaiian who actually went to Iosepa to see them before returning here to the sands of our birth.

Here are some people I saw there: Makaweli, the last born of the wife of Nailima of Hilo, who has many children and grandchildren in Iosepa. It was this kind Hawaiian lady who took care of Emilia Kalua (f), the grandchild of Keanini of Waikapu, Maui, because both of her parents died; the family of her father wanted to bring back this young girl to live with them. The Circuit Court of Maui appointed me as executor for her portion of the estate of her grandfather, and these are they things which made me visit Iosepa, Utah, and to see firsthand how this Hawaiian girl was living without parents in this foreign land. From what I saw and heard about her there, she was being properly taken care of, and she did not want to come to Hawaii nei.

Also, there is Naihe, a child of D. B. Mahoe of Hana; he is family there; he has eight children living. George Hubbel formerly of Honolulu, his wife, and their children, and so many more other Hawaiians gave their aloha to their family here in the land of their birth. According to some of them, it is their homeland, the treatment of the church elders is good, and the thought to return to the land of their birth is very far away, except for the fact that their aloha for Hawaii is not gone, as for their kin at home with their never-ending thoughts of them.

KALE WILIKOKI [Charles Wilcox]

(Kuokoa Home Rula, 7/12/1912, p. 4)

Huakai imi i na Hawaii ma Iosepa Aina Uta

Kuokoa Home Rula, Buke X, Helu 28, Aoao 4. Iulai 12, 1912.


Kahoohihi Alapa Dies at Iosepa, Utah, 1913.


Mr. Editor:—Please allow me some space for the sentence above, that being that Mrs. Kahoohihi Alapa has grown weary of this life.

On the morning of Monday, at 6 o’clock on the 3rd of March, the Angel of God visited and took the soul from the body of our beloved Mrs. Kahoohihi Alapa. Auwe aloha wale!

She left her her feeble husband and their children and family. They have four daughters from their loins, and she left this life.

She was sick along with her husband for a week, she had lower back pains, and she was also pregnant, she was distressed along with being inflicted by smallpox [hepera], which is a sickness that is quarantined, so no one would enter to help them; they would have been in terrible trouble were it not for that male cousin of Kahoohihi’s [kaikunane hanauna ?], that being Joseph N. Kaniwi, who stayed with them and so they had someone to take care of them. He was up day and night patiently.

Kahoohihi Alapa was born of the loins of Julia (f) and David Luwela (m) in the month of March, on the 23rd, 1866; at Kahana, Koolauloa, Oahu; and she was 26 years and over 11 months of age when she expired.

She left her homeland, and followed after her grandfather, Makekehau [Makakehau ?], leaving her father and mother and family at home. She was only eleven at the time.

She lived here at Iosepa for 15 years and some, and she was bound by the sacred covenant of marriage with her husband, Harvey O. Alapa, and she left this life.

She was pleasant in every way, she was welcoming to all to her home, and she was important to her friends, and she listened to her friends when they spoke and would do their bidding.

How regrettable, that rose blossom is gone; she will no longer be seen passing at the door of the family and friends of the land. How sad!

Me, with sadness, her sister-in-law,


Iosepa, Tooele County, Utah.

[Here is an interesting site with what seems to be all kinds of Iosepa related information from the Native Hawaiian Genealogy Society.

(Kuokoa, 3/28/1913, p. 7)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LI, Helu 12, Aoao 7. Maraki 28, 1913.

How sad it must be to be denied marriage to someone you love, 1902/2012.

THE yellow-skinned races (Mongolian), include the Chinese and Japanese, and not other lahui. The Hawaiian Race is of the Malae race (the brown-skinned), and if the Hawaiians are Malae, then they are not yellow-skinned, or Chinese. And yet, under the law of the state o Utah, haole are not allowed to marry Chinese (yellow-skins), and it is believed that Hawaiians (Malae) are included amongst the Chinese. This is perhaps a mistake, and that state of the United States needs to be educated of the nation in which you live as a Territory. And if they are mistaken about you, O Hawaii, this error is incredibly long standing. This is the first state to which Hawaiians were brought by the Mormon Faith to live, and they are still there to this day; but because of this continued misunderstanding, it is as if they do not know the nature of Hawaiians. The Kiai questions and asks, “Where in Utah are Hawaiians being taken? If we are not mistaken, and according to what is reported, they are perhaps in the desert, where they are hidden away.” Reveal yourself to be an American today!

(Kiai, 9/11/1902, p. 1)

O NA Lahui ili-melemele...

Ke Kiai, Buke 1, Helu 3, Aoao 1. Sepatemaba 11, 1902.