Lauhala anyone? 1916.


To everyone who is holding on to lauhala from Hawaii to Niihau; please tell the person whose name appears below by letter.

I want lauhala, but give me notice by letter.


Moanalua, Honolulu, Oahu.

(Aloha Aina, 4/15/1916, p. 4)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke XXI, Helu 27, Aoao 4. Aperila 15, 1916.


Kahili crafted for Governor Farrington, 1928.



From the Workers Under Mokumaia

Yesterday evening, these kahili were shown in Waikiki.

The kahili will become the property of the territory.

According to Mokumaia, the workers are showing their congratulations to the governor as did the makaainana do for the alii in times past.

On May 2nd, the work on the kahili began, and it was completed on the 17th of May.

F. B. M. Kahea [Frederick Beckley Malulani Kahea] was the one who knew how to construct kahili.

J. K. Mokumaia was the great general of the chiefs.

[The beginning of the caption seems to be dropped out.] some Hawaiians are making five kahili to gift to Governor Farrington this coming 9th of June.

On the right of the picture is M. Keawe, J. Kapaiki, Mokumaia, Piko Kamahaa, Clara Kaaipua, Minnie Kakalia, Kahea, and Makekehau. The large kahili took 8,000 feathers each.

(Alakai o Hawaii, 5/24/1928, p. 1)


Ke Alakai o Hawaii, Buke I, Helu 4, Aoao 1. Mei 24, 1928.

Moanalua: Mele, Moolelo, and Mokumaia, 1922.


O Moanalua haki ke au,
I Kahauiki hemo ka umoki
I ke kula loa hoi o Kalihi,
I Kaiwiula kikiipau,
Kapalama lo’i laiki,
I Keoneula malu ke kiawe,
Leleo i ka lokowai,
Haaliliamanu honi kaua,
Kapuukolo i ka Nekina,
Hololio laau me ka huapala,
Kamanuwai moa liilii,
Hauna ke kai eha oe ia’u,
Hainaia mai ana ka puana,
Moanalua au ha’i ke au.

He mau hiona no Moanalua...

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LXI, Helu 35, Aoao 3. Augate 31, 1922.

Some scenes of Moanalua:—The picture on the left is the Valley of Manaiki, where the royal assassins lived. The picture on the top on the right is Mrs. J. K. Mokumaia, and below is the Waialamihi Pond.

[This version of “Moanalua” is taken from a long-running column written by J. K. Mokumaia, a long-time resident of the area, on the history of Moanalua, which he called “Moanalua of the past and Moanalua of the Present.” This series which includes many priceless photographs like those above (which will be seen much more clearly when the newspapers are scanned properly) ran in the Kuokoa from 2/17/1922 until 8/31/1922 (although unfinished, it seems to end on this date).]

O Moanalua haki ke au...

O Moanalua haki ke au…

(Kuokoa, 8/31/1922, p. 3)

Maori visit Hawaii, 1920.

This is Mr. J. K. Mokumaia with the Maori malihini, photographed before the statue of Kamehameha; they are Mr. and Mrs. Clark of New Zealand. The woman is the last kaukau alii [kaukaualii hope loa ??], and they came to do good works by strengthening the missionaries of the Latter Day.

[The text is pretty clear, but during the last decades of the newspapers, you will notice more and more typos, as you can see here.

If the newspapers were reshot clearly, the image would no doubt be much more crisp.]

(Kuokoa, 7/9/1920, p. 3)

Mr. J. K. Mokumaia keia...

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LVIII, Helu 28, Aoao 3. Iulai 9, 1920.

J. K. Mokumaia and Keoni Paakaula, 1927.

One of the reasons i posted the return of the ahuula article is because it reminded me of another post just put up—Moanalua, then and now. 1922.

In the image of the Palace Guards from the day of the return of the feather cape, you can see J. K. Mokumaia in the middle of the front row, and John Paakaula, far right on the back row.

I am wondering if this is the same Keoni Paakaula, the kumu hula of Moanalua. He would in theory be 107 years old in this picture.

[It is always important to look up name variants when you are searching for people (and even places). Biblical names in Hawaiian also appear in English, like “Keoni” and “John”. Also, Biblical names are sometimes abbreviated, like “Jas.” for “James”… It would be very helpful if there was a list of names and their variants up online.]

Another image of the return of Kamehameha III’s ahuula, 1927.

The guards of the Palace, when the Ahuula was returned to the Palace on this past Monday. Starting from the left, on the bottom row: E. K. Kaihe, John Hicky [John Hickey], J. K. Mokumaia, D. Hoke, and M. K. Reuter. The row in the back, from the left: S. K. Levi, Joseph Kawai, and John Paakaula.

(Kuokoa, 12/1/1927, p. 4)

Na kiai keia o ka Halealii...

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LXVI, Helu 53, Aoao 4. Dekemaba 1, 1927.

Moanalua, then and now, 1922.


(Written by J. K. Mokumaia)


[This is from a serial column on stories about Moanalua. At the close of the previous installment, Mokumaia is speaking about Waiapuka and evidence of a large population…]

So too a well-built rock platform, it is like a heiau; and so too a huge cave large enough for a hundred people to live; and so too perhaps a small cave enough for a single person to live as a lookout, looking out at Moanalua, where the oncoming enemies would be plain in sight.

In my estimation, its height above sea level is 500 and a half feet, and this valley was an important one to the people, and was called Kamanaiki, and there is the famous hill Puukapu.

It is said that this was a place where the alii and people got together to discuss an important problem, and it will be be clear through your writer, those things integrally related to this hill and why it is famous; being that this hill is very close to where passing travellers were waylaid at night.

Therefore, dear readers of my fond Kilohana (a frequently used appellation for the newspaper Kuokoa, coming from its subtitle “Ke Kilohana Pookela no ka Lahui Hawaii” [The Greatest Prize of the Hawaiian Nation]), I am taking this little entertainment back to the time when Kaleiluhiole was ruling as konohiki, where this story gets its basis.

Kaleiluhiole’s total area of management went all the way to Makua, Waianae and back, when he made his tour, he would start at Moanalua and take a respite at Makua, staying there for some anahulu (a period of 10 days), and then turn back; going along on these tours were his workers as well as those who entertained on the trips so that everyone amongst his travelling companions was filled with the constant promise of merriment.

When the konohiki stayed there, items from the seaside were prepared by the natives, and so too the fruits of the land; being that his word had power, it was necessary to prepare all these things; and the important man during those times as heard by your writer was the one called Kihikihi; this gentleman was lame, but his  mind however was filled with all sorts of ideas that benefited him.

He owned a number of schooners, and from amongst his servants, there is one still alive in Waianae, that being Mr. Hui; they went around with the father of your writer, being that my father was a captain of the vessels belonging to Kihikihi, who was also the grandfather of your writer.

The basis for this discussion was that when the Konohiki stayed in Makua it was a regular thing that entertainment was provided for him; and from amongst these entertainments, was a hula troupe headed by Mahoe; this hula leader was from Kauai,  and when he was joined by the beauty of Makua, that hula performance of his—the hips of that hula leader were pressed by that beauty of Makua; quiet your breathing at the whispering seas of that land, as your eyes will  grow dizzy watching [?].

My father was also one who belonged to this hula troupe, and when the konohiki made his return, until reaching his usual lands, that being Moanalua, it was customary for him, were it extremely long, for everyone to be filled with happiness, and this happiness was what was witnessed when that hula troupe was joined by Moanalua’s, which was headed by Keoni Paakaula, and hula students got together, and thus appeared your writer; from what is known, this travelling was the foundation from which a brought forth its garden and came the year spoken previously of by the writer, when thought first came to him.

Looking at how the konohiki and people lived, it was quite fun; this was a land of people and food aplenty.

(To be continued.)

The picture above is the grounds on which was the structure where festivities were held. The picture below is of a great taro patch where the fish from California [i’a Kaleponi?] was set loose.

This is a picture of Keoni Paakaula, the old kumu hula of Moanalua, who is 102 years old.

[This serial by J. K. Mokumaia begins on 2/17/1922 and might end on 8/31/1922 (although there is indication that it is not completed).]

(Kuokoa, 3/10/1922, p. 6)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LXI, Helu 10, Aoao 6. Maraki 10, 1922.