Passing of Victoria Kahoa Kaahumanu Tolman, 1893.


Death of an Adopted Daughter of Queen Kaahumanu.

Mrs. Victoria Kahoa Kaahumanu Tolman died at the residence of Hon. F. S. Pratt, Punchbowl street, of heart failure, at 9:30 o’clock yesterday evening, at the ripe age of 78, Kahoa Virginia is a twin sister to Teresa Oana [Aana], both being born in Kailua, Kona, in August, 1815. Shortly after their birth, in fact the same night, both were adopted by Queen Kaahumanu, and taken from their home. Their mother was Holau, a true descendant of Lonoikamakahiki and Keikilani, King and Queen of Puna, of whom there are many stories in Hawaiian history. The father was the late Jean Jassin Rives [Reeves], commonly known as Father John, of the Catholic Mission, who went to England with Kamehameha II. Continue reading


Kamakau’s story of Lonoikamakahiki, 1871.


Pertaining to Lonoikamakahiki: Lonoikamakahiki was the child of Keawenuiaumi, the alii of Kau and Puna, and reigned over the entirety of those sections of Hawaii. He married a chiefess, Kaikilanikohepanio, from amongst the granchildren of Laeanuikaumanamana, and from the two of them were born the sons, Keawehanauikawalu and Kaihikapumahana, and the two of them became ancestors of chiefs and commoners. When Lono ruled, he was a chief who did not listen to nor heed the advice of his kahuna and counselors [kakaolelo], so some of his counselors left to find a good master [haku]. And that is why Lanahuimihaku folks left, to find a master who would follow and listen to their advice; they searched for a haku for themselves, and they lived went to live with Kailikapuakuihewa on Oahu, believing that he was a chief who was upright and who listened to everything the kahuna and kakaolelo instructed….

[S. M. Kamakau’s telling of the story of Lonoikamakahiki ran from 1/12/1871 to 2/2/1871 in the newspaper Au Okoa. It can be found in Ruling Chiefs, pp. 47–63.]

(Au Okoa, 1/12/1871, p. 1)


Ke Au Okoa, Buke VI, Helu 39, Aoao 1. Ianuari 12, 1871.

Lonoikamakahiki, unattributed, 1909.




Son of Keawenuiaumi

And Fearless Grandson of


And the Famous Riddling Chief of Great Hawaii of Keawe.

O Lonoikamakahiki kapu a Kalani
O Kalani kapu a Keawe i hanau
Hanau Kalani he Alii kuhalau
He lau kapaahu nehe o Lono—e.

[Lonoikamakahiki, the sacred one of Kalani
Sacred Kalani, born of Keawe
Born was Kalani, a expansive Chief
O Lono, a rustling of a heap of mats.]

(A Hawaiian Story.)

Words of clarification.—The story of Lonoikamakahiki is one of the stories delighted in by the native Hawaiians of Hawaii nei of the olden days, and it is a moolelo that was enjoyed by the alii born in this land who have passed on. We have endeavored to print this story to the greatest of our ability, but it is a common thing for there to be discrepancies from what is published with what is memorized by some people. May our readers please be patient with the mistakes, and take the valuable things that will teach us of the nature of the deeds of the alii of our land of days past. Publishing the valuable stories of our alii and makaainana of our land of the past is of great importance. We hope that this story will travel its path, delighting the readers of the Hoku. But do remember, O Readers, that money is what makes this possible, and consider that our kupuna were generous and welcoming people. Open the purse of aloha, and remember the life of our beloved.— Editor.

[This story of Lonoikamakahiki appears in Hoku o Hawaii from 7/8/1909 to 12/9/1909. Unfortunately, the first 11 buke of the Hoku, from 5/3/1906 to 5/24/1917 are not available yet online.]

(Hoku o Hawaii, 7/5/1909, p. XXX)


Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Buke IV, Helu 10, Aoao 1. Iulai 8, 1909.

Z. P. Kalokuokamaile’s Lonoikamakahiki, 1924.




(Written by Z. P. K. Kawaikaumaiikamakaokaopua)

Lonoikamakahiki was born in the land of Napoopoo, at the base of the cliff of Manuahi, South Kona, Hawaii. Keawenuiaumi was the father, Koihalawai was the mother; and it was in Napoopoo where he was raised until adulthood; his caretakers were Hauna and his younger brother Loli.

These two men had one wife. They did not want two wahine, and they were both very nice; they did not fight or argue and there was no dissension between them over this one woman. When Lonoikamakahiki was young, he began to think.

When Lonoikamakahiki was looking at the many items of entertainment of his father placed in the royal house, and he saw the ihe pahee placed there, he looked for a long time and after a while he asked his caretakers:

“What is that long thing hanging up there in the house?” Continue reading

Story of Lonoikamakahiki as told by Wille Sepe. Kawa Jr., 1887–1888.




High Chiefly Offspring of Kalani.

The Great Alii of Hawaii.


(The Author should make clear that although this Lahuikanaka was accustomed to memorizing things, there nonetheless are variations between what this person and that memorized. And it is from what is memorized by this Writer, it is on that path that he will travel until this Moolelo is complete.)

I must clarify the ancestors of the alii who this moolelo is about. So that the new generations of the Hawaiian People know the kupuna and makua and older brothers and younger brothers and the sisters of their alii for whom this famous story rises.

Kiha (m) lived with Kaohikinuiokalani (f), and born between them were the chiefly children, five in total. Here are each of their names:

Liloa (m), after him there were twins, Laeanui (f), Kaumanamana (f), Kalani (m), Pinea (f).

Liloa lived with his own sister, Pinea, and born was Hakau (m), that being Hakaualiloa. It is said that Hakau was a Pi’o Chief. Continue reading

B. L. Koko tells the story of Lonoikamakahiki, 1865.



Kalani was the father and Haumea the mother, born was Lonoikamakahiki from Haumea and Kalani; He was taken as hanai by Hauna of Kaikilanialiiwahineopuna [?? Hauna o Kaikilanialiiwahineopuna] until he was grown; the chiefs went to bathe in the ocean, and after they had bathed, the two of them went upland to warm themselves.

While the two of them were warming themselves, Kaiklanialiiwahineopuna said to Lonoikamakahiki, “let’s play konane (the konane played with pebbles).” “Yes,” said Lonoikamakahiki, and they laid out the pebbles upon the board and the two began to play [uhau], and in that first match, he lost to his sister; the two played once again, and he lost once again to his sister; they played for the third time, and that Chief lost once more; after this third loss of Lonoikamakahiki, the Chief grew irritated for just losing…

[This is the opening of one of the stories of Lonoikamakahiki found in the Hawaiian Language Newspapers. It was written by B. L. Koko of Kaualaa, Wailupe, Oahu, and runs in Au Okoa from 9/4/1865. There is criticism of his telling and Koko ends his story on 10/23/1865. He states at his closing that what he wrote is all he knows, but those who know the story well most likely know more things. And if his kupunakane know more, that he will submit it.]

(Au Okoa, 9/4/1865, p. 4)


Ke Au Okoa, Buke I, Helu 20, Aoao 4. Sepatemaba 4, 1865.

Queen Liliuokalani attends historical play at Kapiolani Park, 1916.


SOME SCENES THAT WERE SHOWN—(1) Kakuhihewa, King of Oahu. (2) The Alii and Kaukau Alii of King Lonoikamakahiki of Hawaii leaving the throne. (3) King Lonoikamakahiki. (4) The Chiefs and Attendants in the Procession. (5) Queen Liliuokalani, and Her Companions watching the Performance. (6) The Attendants of Queen Kaikilani. (7) The Retainers of Queen Kaikilani. Continue reading

Keahualono, wahi pana of Hawaii Island, 1916.


This is the border between the two Kona districts and Kohala, and the name of this heap of rocks  [ahu pohaku] is called after Lonoikamakahiki-Kapu-a-ka-Lani, one of the high ruling chiefs of Hawaii nei who is famous in genealogical histories of the high ruling chiefs of Hawaii Island of Keawe.

When Lonoikamakahiki went with his troops and camped at this place, the Marshals [Ilamuku] built this mound of rocks and called it by the name “Ke Ahu-a-Lono,” after the name of Lonoikamakahiki, the ruling chief. That is how this pile of rocks is known until today, an unforgettable monument built by the foremost war leaders [pukaua] of Lonoikamakahiki, so that the generations of this time would remember the truly famous deeds of our forefathers who passed on; and of that sacred name Lonoikamakahiki-Kapu-a-ka-Lani. The locals of Puuanahulu are familiar with this ahu pohaku.

(Hoku o Hawaii, 2/17/1916, p. 4)


Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Buke 10, Helu 37, Aoao 4. Feberuari 17, 1916.