Hawaiianized missionary name list, 1848.


Hawaiians are bad at pronouncing haole words, so they call the haole by names that they can pronounce. However, these names are not familiar to the newcomers; therefore, letters often fall to the side and do not arrive because the person to whom it is addressed is not known. In this manner, sometime earlier, a letter was addressed to Rev. R. Tinker, and this is what was written on the outside. Ia Tineka Amerikahuipuia [To Tineka, United States of America]. What Postmaster in America understands these words? So too of many who deliver letters here in Hawaii; those malihini form foreign lands who don’t know the missionaries’ Hawaiian names. Therefore, this document makes clear the real names of the missionaries living in this Archipelago.

Laimana, Rev. D. B. Lyman.

Koana, Rev. Titus Coan.

Parika, Rev. J. D. Paris.

Kine, Rev. H. Kinney.

Aiwa, Rev. Mar. Ives.

Pokue, Rev. J. F. Pogue.

Tatina, Rev. Asa Thurston.

Kauka Aneru, S. L. Andrews, M. D.

Laiana, Rev. Lorenzo Lyons.

Bona, Rev. E. Bond.

Kaahele, Rev. E. Whittlesey.

Gerina, Rev. J. S. Green.

Bele, Mr. E. Bailey.

Konede, Rev. D. T. Conde.

Okana, Miss M. Ogden.

Alekanedero, Rev. W. P. Alexander.

Aneru, Rev. C. B. Andrews.

Baluwina, Rev. D. Baldwin, M. D.

Hikikoke, Rev. H. R. Hitchcock.

Duaita, Rev. S. G. Dwight.

Berauna, Miss L. Brown.

Kalaka, Rev. E. W. Clark.

Kemita, Rev. Lowell Smith.

Limaikaika, Rev. R. Armstrong.

Kamalani, Mr. Levi Chamberlain.

Kasela, Mr. S. N. Castle.

Holo, Mr. E. O. Hall.

Laukeke, Mr. E. H. Rogers.

Kaimana, Mr. H. Dimond.

Kuke, Mr. A. S. Cooke.

Rikeke Wahine, Mrs. C. L. Richards.

Dole, Rev. D. Dole.

Rike, Mr. W. H. Rice.

Kemika, Miss M. M. Smith.

Aneru, Lunakanawai Rev. L. Andrews.

Hana, Rev. T. D. Hunt.

Demana, Rev. S. Damon.

Bihopa, Rev. A. Bishop.

Emekona, Rev. J. S. Emerson.

Kulika, Rev. P. J. Gulick.

Pareka, Rev. B. W. Parker.

Kauka Kemika, J. W. Smith, M. D.

Ioane, Rev. E. Johnson.

Wilikoke, Mr. A. Wilcox.

Rowela, Rev. G. B. Rowell.

Wini Wahine, Mrs. M. P. Whitney.

[This is definitely not a complete listing. One famous person not included for example is Gerrit P. Judd, who was called Dauta Iada and Kauka Iada, but mostly just Kauka. Also once again, there are often a variety of given names for a single person. Baldwin was not only called Baluwina, but Balawina, Ogden is not only Okana, but Ogana, etc.

This hopefully will help you when searching for missionaries, especially because they are often referred to only by their Hawaiian names in the newspapers (like Laiana in the earlier post about snow on Hualalai in 1862)!

There needs to be a more comprehensive listing (not only of missionary names but of all name variants) done and put somewhere online so that it is easily accessed!!

Also found: Ioane, Edward Johnson]

(Elele Hawaii, 10/9/1848, p. 36)


Ka Elele Hawaii, Buke 4, Pepa 9, Aoao 36. Okatoba 9, 1848.

Snow on Hualalai 150 years ago. 1862.

Much Snow, and cold.

O People reading the Hoku Loa. There is News seen here in Waimea; on the 15th of February, there was extreme cold; there was snow on Mauna Kea, and it almost reached its base, and there was snow atop Hualalai. It was the first time I saw snow on Hualalai in 30 years. What is this? What is it a sign of? There was also heavy rains earlier.

If the heavy rains lasted for a couple of hours, it would have had a massive flood [Kaiakahinalii] here. The livestock and people would have been in trouble. But no! the rain, thunder, and lightning soon stopped. The people were still afraid; When will the people be afraid of the smoke, thunder, and lightning of Gehenna, and go to the protection of Jesus?


(Hoku Loa, 3/1862, p. 34.)

Hau nui, me ke anu.

Ka Hoku Loa, Buke III, Helu 9, Aoao 34. Maraki, 1862.

Hawaiians abroad and the Hawaiian-Language Newspapers, 1867.

“Let’s subscribe to the Newspaper

Kuokoa, the Greatest Prize of the
Hawaiian Nation.”


CALIFORNIA, March 25, 1867.

O My friends of the forests of California, “Let’s subscribe to the Newspaper Kuokoa, the Greatest Prize of the Hawaiian Nation,” that is the ongoing Volume VI of the year 1867, being that Volume V of this past year, is over, with the last week of December; we are grateful for its patient work done for us; it was not uncertain or hesitant of all the parcels sent upon it, but it persevered upon the surging billows of the Pacific Ocean until reaching this towering lands upon which we live. And thus we see the news of this sort and that, and the history of Kamehameha I., that is being published by the famed S. M. Kamakau in the Kuokoa. Therefore, don’t hold back, don’t scrimp, don’t be greedy, don’t be covetous, don’t surly, don’t scowl, don’t look to the side, don’t look away, don’t turn you back; lest these lines by the enlightened by applied to us. (Dark Africa, ignorant Asia), and so, let’s act quickly so that we can see the news of the world. I am done, aloha to you all. With thanks.


[For more on the serial by S. M. Kamakau, see: Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii, Tales and Traditions of the People of Old, Ka Po’e Kahiko: The People of Old, The Works of the People of Old, Ke Kumu Aupuni, and Ke Aupuni Mō‘ī.

As for Moses Naehola, does anyone know if this is the same person as Moses Nahora, who is also living in California during the same period?

One more thing… This article has an awesome listing of negative attributes (which by no means are adequately translated here). ]

(Kuokoa, 6/1/1867, p. 4)

"E lawe kakou i ka Nupepa...

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke VI, Helu 22, Aoao 4. Iune 1, 1867.