Dying of ohia lehua? 1944.

Death of Ohia Lehua Trees Is National Park Mystery

The dying of large numbers of mature ohia lehua trees in certain areas along the Chain of Craters road is  baffling the staff of the Hawaii National park.

Something in this volcanic region is killing the tree. The problem has not been  exhaustively analyzed, although soil analyses for salts, minerals and gasses have revealed the presence of nothing to account for the circumstances. No fungus, insect or plant disease has been detected. Continue reading

Thomas Square inauguration, 1887.

Inauguration Concert at Thomas Square

Thomas Square has at last been successfully inaugurated as a public square by the Hawaiian band giving one of its entertainments to a large audience on Thursday evening last. This plot of ground, about seven acres, was donated by the Hawaiian Government as a public square some fifteen years ago, and was named Thomas Square in honor of Admiral Thomas of the British navy, who, in a kindly manner, undid the act of taking possession of these Islands by Lord George Paulet, the British Government endorsing the former and censuring the latter. Shortly after the square was enclosed and trees planted, which was about all that was done until late years, when the Hon. A. S. Cleghorn, who takes a lively interest in such matters, Continue reading

Casualties from exploding lava, 1924.


Two Haole Soldiers Disappear Without Being Found—It is Believed They Too Were Victims of the Lava

These are the two haole soldiers who disappeared without their bodies being found from the morning of this past Sunday. The two were last seen in an area near the crater, before the powerful lava explosion.

From the left is Edward J. Hinman, and to his right is Howard J. Simmons, they are both soldiers of the engineers of Leilehua, and they were camping at Kilauea, Hawaii.

As per the very latest news received from Hilo town, Madame Pele is surely at it these days, displaying her wondrous power which causes fear in a great many of Hawaii’s people who went to see the volcanic activity.

Amongst the visitors on this past Sunday was one who met with tragedy, after breaking both his legs and being burned by the hot ash from the lava, that being Truman T. Taylor, the bookkeeper of Pahala Sugar Plantation. Continue reading

Anna Lai Hipp transforms Hilo parks, 1937.

Hilo Parks Are Improved Under Woman’s Direction

What a woman park superintendent can do in three weeks is shown by the improvements in local parks accomplished by Mrs. Anna Lai Hipp, member of the park commission for four years, who has been substituting as park superintendent during the past three weeks during the vacation leave of the superintendent, Manuel Tavares. Mrs. Lai Hipp’s duties as acting superintendent end today.

An inspection tour of all the local parks Friday showed definite improvement during the three weeks’ period under Mrs. Lai Hipp.

And the best part of it all is that Mrs. Lai Hipp brought about the improvements with the same group of men who are always kept at work in the parks and with the same amount of money allotted for the work.

Perhaps the best piece of improvement work done by Mrs. Lai Hipp was Reeds bay park where in one day she had the men haul large rocks from Keaukaha which were placed on the boundary lines of the park area. Due to bad weather these stones had not been painted white, but when painted, they will be an added attraction on the park grounds as well as being practical.

“The park commission wants to protect the grass in this park, especially near the Yacht club. Many motorists have built roads on the grass by continually going over it,” Mrs. Lai Hipp said.

Plants in Bloom

At Liliuokalani park the tall weeds and bushes which had almost obstructed the view of the Japanese house from the main road were hauled away. Care has been given the azalea plants and now over 50 plants are in bloom.

On Coconut island scores of full-grown coconut palms have been planted in the places where trees were scarce. The planting was done entirely under Mrs. Lai Hipp’s supervision.

Mooheau park, parts of which were an eyesore, had been Mrs. Lai Hipp’s worry for sometime. Large stumps of trees at the Puna end of the park, which had rotted at the roots, were dug up by wedges and sledge hammers and the holes filled with dirt. Grass will be planted there are a nice lawn will be the result. Large stacks of pipes, rubbish and odds and ends clotted up the entire Puna end toward the beach, and these were hauled away. California grass, “honohono” grass and rubbish were hauled away by the truckloads.

The lovely palm trees lining Kamehameha Ave. in the Shinmachi district in front of the Royal theater were kept in good shape and old leaves trimmed under Mrs. Lai Hipp’s direction. The trees in the Puna end of this small park belong to the Hawaii Consolidated Railway and the Hilo Iron Works and should be taken care of by them, Mrs. Lai Hipp said.

Another piece of good work done by Mrs. Lai Hipp is at Rainbow Falls park where two trees which were too close to the Hilo Memorial hospital nurses’ cottage were cut down and truckloads of grass were taken away. Weeds had covered the lovely stone walks in the park and Mrs. Lai Hipp saw to it that they were pulled out.

For the past three weeks Mrs. Lai Hipp has visited and superintended the work in all the local parks at least twice a day. Hedges have been trimmed, grass pulled out, rubbish hauled away and new tree planted—all during the short space of three weeks along with the routine work the park workers do in lawnmowing the grass and picking up rubbish.

(Hoku o Hawaii, 3/24/1937, p. 1)


Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Volume XXXI, Number 48, Aoao 1. Maraki 24, 1937.

Apapane flourishing, 1939.

Hawaiian Birds

We received word from the news released by the Hui Manuihi [?? Audubon Society ??] that there are now at Kilauea many apapane birds, and it is the one bird that is most widespread there.

Just like the work of those who research all sorts of things, there are some who made a move to study the different birds, and not only in other places, but here in Hawaii as well.

The activity of these people on Kilauea was to go into the forests to look at the Hawaiian Birds that are spread out there, and by them travelling the narrow paths in the Bird Park and entering into the Golf course and reaching the Soldier Camp at Kilauea and then arriving at Kilauea Iki; there were more Apapane than all the other birds put together.

With the research of the rangers of Kilauea National Park, they saw there was a large amount of bugs on the trees these days and that is was has caused an increase in the birds, for that is what the birds eat.

The number of kolea decreased and the mynah [piheekelo] birds are less, and it is believed because of the great cold.

Other Hawaiian birds seen at Kilauea these days are the amakihi and the elepaio.

Therefore according to this report shown, Hawaiian birds are indeed numerous, and the apapane is the most abundant.

[What about today? Are things better? Are things worse?]

(Hoku o Hawaii, 1/11/1939, p. 2)

Na Manu Hawaii

Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Volume XXXIII, Number 37, Aoao 2. Ianuari 11, 1939.

Kukuiolono Park opens, Nov. 3, 1911.


Hanalei School Items Show a Continued Interest is Still Kept Up in Our National Sport


Many Entries Enlivens The Contest S. E. Lucas, Opticians, Will Arrive on The Kinau Tomorrow

November third will be a big day at the Kukuiolono Park, the new McBryde Park. The occasion will be the celebration of the Mikado’s birthday anniversary and the amusements arranged for the day include horse racing, sulky racing, bicycle and foot racing, as well as various other athletic sports. Continue reading

Kukuiolono Park dedicated, 1911.


Flag Pole Exercises Mark the Dedication Of Beautiful Park to The Public By Walter D. McBryde.


A Gift Which Will be long Appreciated by All True Lovers of the Various Kinds of Sport.

The Kukuiolono Park, which was recently dedicated to the public by Walter McBryde, with flag raising ceremonies is a gift which carries more significance than can be realized by a passing thought. It means much as an everlasting stimulous to athletic sports of every discription and is further indication of the thoughtfulness of the donor laboring class, has become a second nature.

The park is situated makai the government road, perhaps a mile, but a splendid approach has been provided over which an auto glides up the glade, with perfect ease. A graded race track 30 ft. wide encircles the park, while the inside is arranged for baseball, football and any other desirable sports. The location of the park may probably lead to a centralization of all sporting events from Makaweli to Koloa, as it is situated at Homestead, a sort of half-way place between the above places.

(Garden Island, 10/31/1911, p. 1)


The Garden Island, Volume 8, Number 43, Page 1. October 31, 1911.