More from “The Origins of the Archipelago of Hawaii nei and its Peopling as Seen in the Old Mele,” collected by John H. Wise, 1912.

[He MOOLELO NO KA Hookumuia Ana o na Paemoku o Hawaii Nei AME KA HOOLAUKANAKA ANA I HOIKEIA MA NA MELE HAWAII KAHIKO: Houluuluia e John H. Wise.]

Pauku 8.

O hanau ka Moana o Wakea,
O ka Nalu na Wakea, o ke Kai na Wakea,
O kai kane, o kai wahine na Wakea,
O ko’a ku, o ko’a hale loulu na Wakea, Continue reading

From “The Origins of the Archipelago of Hawaii nei and its Peopling as Seen in the Old Mele,” collected by John H. Wise, 1912.

[He MOOLELO NO KA Hookumuia Ana o na Paemoku o Hawaii Nei AME KA HOOLAUKANAKA ANA I HOIKEIA MA NA MELE HAWAII KAHIKO: Houluuluia e John H. Wise.]

Pauku 6.

O hanau ka Mauna a Wakea,
O puu a’e ka mauna a Wakea,
O Wakea ke kane, o Walinuu ka wahine,
Hanau Haloa he’lii, Continue reading

Mele for the island chain of Papa and Wakea: a response to the Armstrong call, 1860.

He Mele no ka pae aina o Papa ma.

Hoao Papa hanau moku,
I kana kane o Wakea i noho ai,
Hanau o Hoohokukalani,
He Alii,
He kaikamahine na Papa,
Noho ia Manouluae,
Hanau o Waia ke ’lii, o Waia,
O Wailoa, o Kakaihili,
O Kia, o Ole,
O Pupue, o Manaku,
O Nukahakoa, hanau o Luanuu,
O Kahiko, o Kii,
O Ulu, o Nana,
O Waikumailani ke ’lii,
O Kuheleimoana, konohiki wawe na Kaloana,
Hanau o Maui, he hookala-kupua,
He kupua he ’lii o Nana a Maui,
O Lanakaoko, o Kapawa,
O Keliiowaialua,
I hanau i Kukaniloko,
O Wahiawa ka hua,
O Lihue ke ewe,
O Kaala ka piko,
O Kapukapukakea ka aa,
Haule i Nukea,
I Wainakia Aaka i Heleu,
I ka lai malino o Hauola, ke ’lii,
O Kapawa hoi no,
Hoi no iuka ka waihona,
Hoi no i ka pali kapu o na ’lii,
He kiai kalakahi no Kakae,

[This is but one of the many mele submitted to the Hae Hawaii in response to the calls put out by Samuel Chapman Armstrong.]

(Hae Hawaii, 8/8/1860, p. 77)

HaeHawaii_8_8_1860_77

Ka Hae Hawaii, Buke 5, Ano Hou.—Helu 19, Aoao 77. Augate 8, 1860.

Mauna a Kea, Moana a Kea: Hawaii nei is sacred in its entirety, from the sun above to the land and ocean below. 1866 / today and the future.

No Kalani “Kauikeaouli Kamehameha III.”

“O hanau ka po ia luna,
Hanau ka po i luna nei,
O lani hanee ka po o pinai ke ewe,
O pipili ka po o moe anaanale’a,
O kohi ana le’a ka po o mahianale’a,
O huli e ka po o kaawale ka pili,
O ke keiki po lani keia a “Kea,” i hanau,
Keiki akahi a ka po keiki alua a ka po,
Keiki akolu a ka po,
O ke kuakoko o ka po,
E hanau mai auanei ka po,
Oia hoi, o ka Po, hanau ka po,
O ka po la hoi auanei ko luna nei la,
Owai la hoi auanei ko lalo na,
Owai la, O ka moku, Ai’a, aia hoi ha,
“Palaki,” ka pua i ka ua pala ka hinano,
Kahaha ka nahele o koolau,
Uli e aku la ke poo o Haihala,
He mauna ia iluna o Makaolehua,
He mau lehua na ka wai a koloa,
I kanu i ke kai o Piakalae,
Noeo aku la ke kai i ka akani,
Mehe koko pau mano la i ka moae,
Ka ula o ke kai mai “Nae a Hilia”—e,
E aloha—e.

Kai ka hili hewa o ka lima i ka po nei,
Ua kuhi i kuu kahela he moe hewa—a ha’e,
Moe ka makani o lalo ua ahiahi,
Kau ka malo o ka Ikioe i ka pohu,
Puhala ka ihu nana i ke kaao,
Kuhelahela i ka malie na kaha,
Waiho kaka ke kula o Kaiolohia,
Ka lele maopu i ka wai a ka naulu,
Ka hoo wawa i ka piha a ka manu he lai—e,
E aloha—e.

[Na] AUA.

O hanau ka Moku a kupu,
A lau, a loa, a ao, a muo a lilo,
Ka moku ia luna o Hawaii,
O Hawaii nei no ka moku,
He Pulewa ka aina he Naka Hawaii,
E lewa wale ana no i ka lani lewa,
Hanoa mai e Wakea pa hano ia,
Malia kea a o ka moku me ka honua,
Paa ia lawaalani i ka lima akau o Wakea,
Paa Hawaii, a laa Hawaii la ikea he moku,
O ka moku la hoi auanei kolalo nei la,
Owai la hoi auanei ko luna, owai la?
O ke Ao—aia—aia hoi ha.”

“Hii Puna i ke keiki puu i ke alo o Moikeha,
I na pae puu hala iluna,
Hele Kalalea iho au ana i kai,
He mau maka ka liu na ka makani,
Ike akuu oe ia Aahoaka,
E hemo kahi ana i ke alo o Wailua,
Uu ka pua a ka makani hoolua,
Malua Haupu ke poo o Keolewa—e
E aloha—e.

Aloha wale iho no ia Wailua,
I ka hiolo a ka pua hau i ka wai—a, hae,
Wai Maluaka onio ka laumania,
Kahuli Kapaa ke alo o Kuahiahi,
Haili ana Puna ia’u me ipo la,
Ka wao aku o ka hau o Palehuna,
O ka waikini aku no ka hoi ia,
Aohe wa ua ike aku no hoi—e,
E aloha—e.
Ua ike o ka maka kai halawai,
A o i pa na lima e meheu ai—a hae.”

Na HAUNA.

“O hanau ke Ao, o hiki ae,
O ohi ae ke ao o hiki ae,
O mokupawa ke ao o hiki ae,
O akaula ke ao o hiki ae,
O moakaka ku ke ao mola’e,
O opukupuku ke ao melemele,
O memele ka “opua” he la—i,
O oponiuli ka opua hiwahiwa,
O hiwahiwa ka opua lani ele,
Eleele ka lani hu hulu weo,
Lani ekaeka ha eleele,
Hakona hakuma hakumakuma,
O ke ao nui mai hee ua keia,
E hoowiliwili mai ana e hana-u,
Oia hoi—o ke Ao—hanau ke ao,
O ke ao la hoi auanei ko luna nei la,
Owai la auanei ko lalo la?
Owai la—o ka Mauna—aia—Aia hoi ha.”

“Hoinainau mea ipo ka nahele,
Hookokoe ana ka maka i ka moani,
I ka ike i na pua hoomahie luna,
Ua hihina wale i Moeawakea,
Ka inoa ua poina ia Malio,
Aia ka i pua lei o ha—o,
I Puna no ka waihona a ka makani,
Kaele ka malama ana a ka puulena,
I kahi mea hoalohaloha no—e,
E aloha—e,
O ke aloha ia e pa waa nei,
E hou nui ai ka maka ke ike aku—a,
Hae.”

Ike i na lani ua o mahele ana,
He omaomao ka la kakaia kea,
He la aihaa nui ia no ka ua,
Hele awili ke poo o ka lehua,
Ako Hilo i ka malua a pau ke aho,
Hoi ka i-i akamai a ka malie,
Kohi i kawelewele a ka lai,
O kuu ike wale aku no i ka hala,
Ua hoopapa kai wale i Haena—e,
E aloha—e.
E na ka maka ahiu me he puunoa la,
I ka ike i kana mea i loaa’i—a—hae.

Na PIOPIO.

“O hanau ka mauna a Kea,
Opuu ae ka mauna a Kea,
O Wakea ke kane, o Papa o Welinuu ka wahine,
Hanau Hoohoku he wahine,
Hanau Haloa he alii,
Hanau ka mauna he keiki mauna na Kea,
O ka lili o Wakea o ka hai i ka hala,
O ke ku kuku laau ana me Kane,
I hoouka ai i iloko o Kahikiku,
Hee Wakea ka lewa kona ohua,
Kuamu ia e Kane, kuawa ia e Kane,
Hoi mai Wakea a loko o lani momo—e,
Moe Wakea moe ia Papa,
Hanau ka la na Wakea,
He keiki kapu na Wakea,
O ka uluna o Wakea na Kea no,
Hanau ka mauna he makahiapo kapu na Kea,
Oia hoi—o ka mauna—hana ka mauna,
O ka mauna auanei ko lalo nei la,
Owai la auanei ko luna la?
Owai la, o ka La, aia—aia hoi ha.”

“Hoe Puna i ka waa pola loa a ka ino,
Haukaukai—koo o Kookoolau,
Eha—e—eha—la—eha i ka makili kui a Kaulumano,
Hala’e ka makawalu ihe a Ko-a-e,
Ku iho i ka pahu ku a ka awaawa,
Hanane ke kikala o ko Hilo kini,
Hoi luuluu i ke oe o Hanakahi,
I ka palolo a ua wahine o ka lua—e,
E aloha—e.
No ke aloha no ka’u lalau ana,
Aole au i hewa iho i ke alii—a hae.”

“Nalo ole ka puana o ka moe ua pulelo,
Kupinai aku la a uka o ka pili,
Me he mumuhu na ka mumuhu nalopaka la,
Ka ekeekemu i ka pua o ka laau,
Maalo hookahi wale iho no au i Hilo—e,
E aloha—e.
He aloha kahiko no na’u mai lalo mai—a—hae.

Na HEHENA.

(Kuokoa, 3/24/1866, p. 4)

No Kalani "Kauikeaouli Kamehameha III."

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke V, Helu 12, Aoao 4. Maraki 24, 1866.

No Kalani “Kauikeaoule Kamehameha III.” [No Kalani “Kauikeaouli Kamehameha III.”]

O hanau ka La o na’u,
O nau ka la o Kupauole,
O Kupauole ka la kohia,
Kohia ka la ia Hina,
O ke kukuna o ka la paa,
O ka pea o hilima o hilinehu,
O ka lala o ke Kamani,
O ka hui o ke Kamani ula,
O ka ehu o Halulu,
Ke haina mai la hai,
Ke haki’a mai la e ka “La,”
E ke keiki hele lani a “Kea,”
O Wakea kai lalo o ka la kai luna,
O ke keiki la a Kea i hookauhua ai,
Oia hoi—o ka La—hanau ka La,
O ka La, hoi auanei ko luna la,
Owai la ua nei ko lalo nei?
Owai la—o ka moana—aia, aia hoi ha,
“Hemo kahili kuhao i ka pohu,
Mehe lala no ka hale loha maikai la,
Ka paia kua a ka makani,
I hoaho i hoa ia e ka lai o Hauola,
Oki ka kahi Lahaina i ka malino,
Honi na hono i ka makani paalaa,
He hanu ia no ke ka Kaalani—e,
E aloha—e.
Aloha aku la i ka lau o ka manao,
Aiwaiwa i ka moe ke pa mai—a,”
Hae.

Pa na lima o ka he Kuawa,
He makemake okoa no i Wailuku,
E like na manao me Kaiaiki,
Kahiko i hoao ai i ka moe e,
O ka momoe aku la ia i Hopukoa,
Hi hininu i ke kula me ka Haakea,
Loaa ka hoa i ke kaha o Kahuaiki—e,
E aloha—e.
O ka hue Kamehai ka inoa e nalo,
Aia no ka hewa o ka lonoia—a,
Hae.

O hanau ka moana a Kea,
O na nalu na Kea, o ke kai na Kea,
O kai kane o kai wahine na Kea,
O koa ku o koa halelo ulu na Kea, hanau ka La,
O hoowiliwili a ka ia iloko o ka moana,
Uliuli eleele nei lae—o ka moana,
O ka moana la hoi auanei ko lalo nei la,
Owai la hoi auanei ko luna, owai la?
O ku, o Lono, o Kane, o Kanalua, o Kaekae,
O Maliu, o ka haku o ka pule, o nuupule,
O Nuukahana, o elieli holo imua kapu,
O elieli holo imua noa, noa ka hanau ana o ke ‘lii,
Hanau “Ku” o ku la hoi auanei ko luna,
Owai la hoi auanei ko lalo nei owai la?
O Haloa, Puka kanaka laha na ‘liii,
Loaa iluna nei o Kalani Mehameha,
A Ekahi ka lani—la—akahi o luna nei,
O Kalani “Kauikaalaneo—la—alua oluna nei,
Pili laua—ua mau paha—oia paha?
O Kalani Nui kua Liholiho akahi,
I ke kapu la—akahi oluna nei,
O Kalani Kauikeaouli—la alua o luna nei,
Pili laua ua mau paha oia paha.”

Here O Friends is the first time we actually have the part of this mele in which is the name of the one whose birthday it is, in the mele called, “O hanau a Hua.” That being “Kapu Puna i ka wahine Ihiihi ka ma,” and after that, I, your “Expert,” will tell you of the day, and the months, and everything pertaining to the birthday of that “Leiopapa.”

[This genealogical mele for Kamehameha III was printed a number of times over the years in various Hawaiian-Language Newspapers. It was important enough back then, and it is just as important for us today, if not more so. The gods gave birth to all above and all below—it is all sacred. Let us treat all our land and ocean with that in mind.

Unfortunately much of the columns in which these appear are not digitized clearly, and are hard to read…]

(Kuokoa, 3/31/1866, p. 4)

No Kalani Kauikeaoule Kamehameha III."

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke V, Helu 13, Aoao 4. Maraki 31, 1866.

 

 

Why are some religions “real” while others are “superstitions,” “myths,” and “legends”? 1905 / today.

WAKEA THE POLYNESIAN

(By Rev. W. D. Westervelt in Paradise of the Pacific.)

The fountain source of the Mississippi has been discovered and re-discovered. The origin of the Polynesian race has been a subject for discovery and re-discovery. The older theory of Malay origin as set forth in the earlier encyclopædias is now recognized as untenable. The Malays followed the Polynesians rather than preceded them. The comparative study of Polynesian legends leads almost irresistibly to the conclusion that Polynesians were Aryans, coming at least from India to Malaysia and possibly coming from Arabia, as Fornander of Hawaii so earnestly argues. It is now accepted that the Polynesians did not originate from Malay parentage, and that they did occupy for an indefinite period the region around the Sunda Straits from Java to the Molucca Islands, and also that the greater portion of the Polynesians was driven out from this region and scattered over the Pacific in the early part of the Christian Era. The legends that cluster around Wakea have greatly aided in making plain some things concerning the disposition of the Polynesians. By sifting the legends of Hawaii-loa, we learn how the great voyager becomes one of the first Vikings of the Pacific. His home at last is found to be Gilolo of the Molucca Islands. From the legends we become acquainted with Wakea (possibly meaning “noonday” or “the white time” and his wife Papa (“earth”), the most widely remembered of all the ancestors of the Polynesian race. Their names are found in the legends of the most prominent island groups, and the highest places are granted them among the chief dieties. Their deeds belong to the most ancient times—the creation or discovery of the various islands of the Pacific world. Those who worshipped Wakea and Papa are found in such widely separated localities that it must be considered impossible for even a demi-god to have had so many homes. Atea or Wakea was one of the highest gods of the Marquesas islands. Here his name means “light.” The Marquesans evidently look back of all their present history and locate Atea in the ancient home land. Va-tea, in the Society Islands, Wakea in Hawaii and New Zealand, Makea-Vakea and Akea are phonetic variations of the one name when written down by the students who made a written form for words repeated from generation to generation by word of mouth alone. Even under the name Wakea this ancient chief is known by most widely separated islands. The only reasonable explanation for this widespread reference to Wakea is that he was an ancestor belonging in common to all the scattered Polynesians. It seems as if there must have been a period when Wakea was king of chief of a united people. He must have been of great ability and probably was the great king of the United Polynesians. If this were the fact it would naturally result that his memory would be carried wherever the dispersed race might go.

In the myths and legends of the Hervey Islands, Vatea is located near the beginning of their national existence.” Then there came upon the ancient world Te Vaerua, “the breath” or “the life.” Then came the god time—Te Manawa roa, “the long ago.” Then their creation legends locate Vari, a woman whose name means “the beginning,” a name curiously similar to the Hebrew word bara, to create, as in Gen. 1:1. Her children were torn out of her breasts and given homes in the ancient mist land, with which without any preparation or introduction, Hawa-iki is confused in a part of the legend. One of the children of Vari dwelt in a “sacred tabu island” and became the god of the fish. Another sought a home “where the red parrots’ feathers were gathered”—the royal feathers for the high chief’s garments. Another became the echo-god and lived in the “hollow grey rocks.” Another as the gods of the winds went far out “on the deep ocean.” Another, a girl, found a home, “the silent land,” with her mother. Wakea, or Vatea, the eldest of this family remained in Avaiki (Hawaii) the ancestral home—”the bright land of Vatea.” Here he married Papa. This Ava-iki was to the Herveyites of later generations the fiery volcanic under-world. When the long sea voyages ceased after some centuries, the islanders realized that Ava-iki was very closely connected with their history. They had but a misty idea of far off lands, and they did know of earthquakes and lava caves and volcanic fires—so they located Ava-iki as the secret world under their islands. This underworld with legendary inconsistency was located on the ocean’s surface, when it became necessary to have their islands discovered by the descendants of Vatea. According to the Hervey legends, Vatea is the father of Lono and Kanaloa, two of the great gods of the Polynesians. They are twins. Lono has three sons, whom he sends away. They sail out through many heavens and from Ava-iki “pull up” out of the deep ocean two of the Hervey islands. The natives of the Hervey group supposed that the horizon around their group inclosed the world. Beyond this world were heaves after heavens. A daring voyager by sailing through the sky line would break out from this world into an unknown world or a heaven bounded by new horizons. Strangers thus “broke through” from heaven to heaven, sometimes making use of the path of the sun. Thus about twenty-five generations ago Raa (possibly Laa, the Hawaiian), broke down the horizon’s bars and established a line of kings in Raiatea. So also when Captain Cook came to the Hervey Islands the natives said: “Whence comes this strange thing? It has climbed up (come up forcibly) from the thin land the home of Wakea.” He had pierced the western heavens from which their ancestors had come. Continue reading

Poi description in English. 1909.

[Found under: “Our English Items”]

What is Poi?

Mr. Lorrin Andrews in his Hawaiian Dictionary gives the following definition of the word Poi: “The paste or pudding which was formerly the chief food of Hawaiians, and is so to a great extent yet. It is made of kalo, sweet potatoes or breadfruit, but mostly of kalo, by baking the above articles in ovens under ground, and afterwards peeling and pounding them with more or less water (but not much); it is then left in a mass to ferment; after fermentation, it is again worked over with more water until it has the consistency of thick paste. It is eaten cold with fingers.”

The learned Hawaiian lexiographer [lexicographer] do not give the exact meaning of the word. Poi is a name given to mashed Kalo, potatoe, breadfruit or banana. The Kalo (a species of arum ex-culentum [arum esculentum] when cooked, is mashed or pounded with a stone, especially made for that purpose, until it becomes like a good soft (flour) dough. From that stage it is then reduce to what is called—poi. It is only at this stage the word poi is used. When the taro is merely mashed, or pounded into a hard pulpy mass, it is called a pa’i-ai or pa’i-kalo. When it is reduced to a still softer condition, and could be twisted by fingers, it is then called poi—whether hard or soft (poi paa or poi wali). When the poi is too soft, it is called poi hehee.

Our kanaka savant ventures to give his definition of Poi. He thinks that it primarily means to gather up; to collect, to pull up; to hold or lift up an article, lest it falls down or spills over. It is analogous to the word Hii, “to lift up; to carry upon the hips and support with the arms, as a child.” An expert poi pounder will call the attention of an unskillful person when pounding taro, saying: “E poi mai ka ai i ole e haule mawaho o ka papa.” (Gather up the ai (foot [food]) lest it falls over the board). He found a French definition of the word “poi” in Boniface Mosblech’s “Vocabulaire Oce’anien—Francais, et cetera, (Paris, 1843) to wit: “boullie de taro” (soft taro). That does not give the derivative definition of the word (kalo) any better than Mr. Andrews.

In conclusion we add the old legend pertaining to the origin of Kalo (taro).

Wakea was the husband, and Papa was the wife, and they two were supposed by some ancient Hawaiian tradition, the first progenitors of the Hawaiian race. They lived on the Koolau side of the Island of Oahu, and also at Kalihi. Their first born son was of premature birth. The little fellow died and its body was buried at one end of their house. After a while, from where the child’s body was buried a new kind of plant shot up. Nobody knows what it was. Finally, green leaves appeared. Wakea called the leaves “Lau-kapa-lili” (the quivering leaves) and the long stalk or stem of the plant was called “Ha-Loa” (long stalk or stem). The plant was finally called by Wakea as “Haloa.”

(Kuokoa Home Rula, 1/1/1909, p.1)

What is Poi?

Kuokoa Home Rula, Buke VII, Helu 1, Aoao 1. Ianuari 1, 1909.