J. W. H. Isaac Kihe report from Puuanahulu, 1921.


The ever-shining Hoku of beloved Hawaii. The famous Editor and the outstanding skilled metal-type team. Much esteem!

Christmas day has gone with its wondrous nature, and gone too are the first whirling blustery winds of Christmas and the drenching raindrops. Continue reading

Marriages from a hundred years ago, 1916 / 2016.


On Saturday, the 19 of this month, there were two couples joined together in the holy covenant of marriage by the Rev. James Upchurch. The couple joined together was Miss Lizzie Alapai and Joseph Sane.  They are both youths; the young woman is from Puuanahulu in the lofty heights, and the young man is from the furrowed jagged cliff faces of Puuwaawaa in the hazy heavy mists.

The second couple was Mrs. Kamakahuki Kaumelelau and Mr. Kailihiwa Kuehu; both of whom are elderly [aoo], gray-haired ones of Puuanahulu in the lofty heights.

After the ceremony was over, there was held a simple meal, and on the following Sunday, February 20, there was party held with a table laden with the delicacies to be drooled at, and we ate until we were full of the things that were prepared by the couples. The ones who got joined together, were grandchildren and grandparents, and they live in one home. The grandchild got married, and the grandparent got married, the passion in the loving waters of Waialoha is shared. Yes, it is so. Marriage is an admired thing for all, lest one’s bed be sullied.

These have been sweltering days in Puuanahulu in the lofty heights, but the verdure of the land from one side to the other remains; there are much grasses of this mountainous region in the uplands of the Highlands [Hilina] of the assembly of hills.

My affection and appreciation,


Puuanahulu, Feb. 21, 1916.

[Na Kuawihi Ekolu is Ka Ohu Haaheo i na Kuahiwi Ekolu, which was a pen name for J. W. H. Isaac Kihe.]

(Hoku o Hawaii, 3/9/1916, p. 3)


Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Volume Buke 10, Helu 40, Aoao 3. Maraki 9, 1916.

Paaiea Pond, part 3, from the pen of J. W. H. Isaac Kihe, 1914.


Written for the Hoku o Hawaii by ka Ohu Haaheo i na Kuahiwi Ekolu¹


Meeting with Kolomu’o and Pahinahina.

When the woman left that place at the seaside of Kaelehuluhulu, she arrived in the uplands of Keoneeli, a place that is renown to this day called Kepuhiapele [‘the scorching of Pele’], a heap of aa lava that is almost 200 Feet high, downside of the place where J. A. MaGuire [known also as Keoni Kaimana] is living.

When the woman arrived there, there were two girls named Kolomu’o and Pahinahina broiling breadfruit, while the parents were away farming. This was a huge town during those days, with many people living there. When the woman met up with the girls broiling ulu. The woman said, “The ulu that you are cooking is done.” One of the girls responded, “We are cooking ulu, but it is not totally done.”

The woman went on, “When you ulu is cooked, who will partake of it first?” “La’i, my god, will eat first.” “So La’i is a powerful akua?” “Yes, La’i is powerful.” The name of this girl was Kolomu’o, and the area beneath that scorching of Pele is famous to this day and called Kolomu’o, and famous too is the Opelu fishing shrine [Ko’a] at the beach of Kaupulehu.

Then the woman asked the other girl, Pahinahina, “And when your ulu is done, who is it for?” “It is for Pele Honuamea, my god.” “Then it is our ulu; your ulu is cooked, let the two of us partake in it.” Pahinahina agreed, and the ulu was peeled [makikoe²] and eaten up. Continue reading

Paaiea Pond, part 2, from the pen of J. W. H. Isaac Kihe, 1914.


Written for the Hoku o Hawaii by ka Ohu Haaheo i na Kuahiwi Ekolu¹


The old woman replied. “I have come to the alii. I live in the uplands, and grew hungry for fish, so I got up and made the descent thinking that the Konohiki of the alii would be the friend here at the ocean side from whom I could receive something fishy to return upland with.

The Konohiki immediately answered. “Your trip will not be rewarded for the all the fish belongs to the alii.” “If I can’t have fish, then what about some palu?”² “There is no palu for you, it is for the alii. This is a work day for the alii; the people care for him, and I am placed here to oversee the wealth of the alii and the wealth of all of his dependents.”

“Both the Aku and the palu are kapu to the alii, as well as the amaama from the pond,” Kepaalani said, “they are restricted for the alii.” “If those are kapu, what about some small Aholehole or a little shrimp?” “Kahaha! Perhaps you can’t hear; all of those things are for the alii.” Continue reading

Paaiea Pond, from the pen of J. W. H. Isaac Kihe, 1914.


Written for the Hoku o Hawaii by ka Ohu Haaheo i na Kuahiwi Ekolu¹


Paaiea was a great pond almost like the ponds of Wainanalii and Kiholo. In the olden days, when the great ruling chiefs were living, and when these fish ponds were full of the riches of Awa, Anae, and Ahole, along with all sorts of fish which swam within.

During that time, Konohiki were stationed, and he was the guard of the pond that watched over the pond and all things, as here we are talking about Paaiea Pond which was destroyed by lava and became pahoehoe lava which remains today, which is what the writer is introducing to the readers of the Hoku o Hawaii.

In the correct and trues story of this pond, its boundaries began from Kaelehuluhulu on the north and on the south was at the place called Wawaloli, and the distance from one end to the other was 3 miles or more, and that was the length of this pond; and today within these boundaries, there are a number of pools [lua wai loko] remaining during this time that the writer is speaking before the readers of the Hoku.

The great Overseer [Konohiki] who cared for this pond was Kepaalani, and everything fell under him: the storehouses [hale papaa] where poi and fish were stored, the halau for the fishing canoes, the nets and all thing, and from him the fishermen and the retainers of the court would obtain their sustenance.

And at this time when the pond was destroyed by lava, Kamehameha was residing in Hilo for the purpose of waging war, and this war was called Kaipalaoa; during this war, Namakehaikalani died and was offered atop the Heiau of Piihonua in Hilo; and this was Kamehameha’s final war, and his enemies lived quietly without uprising once again. This was the time between 1798 until 1801, and it is said that this is when lava destroyed this pond that was full of riches, and turned it into a land of pahoehoe lava which remains to this day. Continue reading