Lonoikamakahiki, unattributed, 1909.




Son of Keawenuiaumi

And Fearless Grandson of


And the Famous Riddling Chief of Great Hawaii of Keawe.

O Lonoikamakahiki kapu a Kalani
O Kalani kapu a Keawe i hanau
Hanau Kalani he Alii kuhalau
He lau kapaahu nehe o Lono—e.

[Lonoikamakahiki, the sacred one of Kalani
Sacred Kalani, born of Keawe
Born was Kalani, a expansive Chief
O Lono, a rustling of a heap of mats.]

(A Hawaiian Story.)

Words of clarification.—The story of Lonoikamakahiki is one of the stories delighted in by the native Hawaiians of Hawaii nei of the olden days, and it is a moolelo that was enjoyed by the alii born in this land who have passed on. We have endeavored to print this story to the greatest of our ability, but it is a common thing for there to be discrepancies from what is published with what is memorized by some people. May our readers please be patient with the mistakes, and take the valuable things that will teach us of the nature of the deeds of the alii of our land of days past. Publishing the valuable stories of our alii and makaainana of our land of the past is of great importance. We hope that this story will travel its path, delighting the readers of the Hoku. But do remember, O Readers, that money is what makes this possible, and consider that our kupuna were generous and welcoming people. Open the purse of aloha, and remember the life of our beloved.— Editor.

[This story of Lonoikamakahiki appears in Hoku o Hawaii from 7/8/1909 to 12/9/1909. Unfortunately, the first 11 buke of the Hoku, from 5/3/1906 to 5/24/1917 are not available yet online.]

(Hoku o Hawaii, 7/5/1909, p. XXX)


Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Buke IV, Helu 10, Aoao 1. Iulai 8, 1909.


Z. P. Kalokuokamaile’s Lonoikamakahiki, 1924.




(Written by Z. P. K. Kawaikaumaiikamakaokaopua)

Lonoikamakahiki was born in the land of Napoopoo, at the base of the cliff of Manuahi, South Kona, Hawaii. Keawenuiaumi was the father, Koihalawai was the mother; and it was in Napoopoo where he was raised until adulthood; his caretakers were Hauna and his younger brother Loli.

These two men had one wife. They did not want two wahine, and they were both very nice; they did not fight or argue and there was no dissension between them over this one woman. When Lonoikamakahiki was young, he began to think.

When Lonoikamakahiki was looking at the many items of entertainment of his father placed in the royal house, and he saw the ihe pahee placed there, he looked for a long time and after a while he asked his caretakers:

“What is that long thing hanging up there in the house?” Continue reading

Story of Lonoikamakahiki as told by Wille Sepe. Kawa Jr., 1887–1888.




High Chiefly Offspring of Kalani.

The Great Alii of Hawaii.


(The Author should make clear that although this Lahuikanaka was accustomed to memorizing things, there nonetheless are variations between what this person and that memorized. And it is from what is memorized by this Writer, it is on that path that he will travel until this Moolelo is complete.)

I must clarify the ancestors of the alii who this moolelo is about. So that the new generations of the Hawaiian People know the kupuna and makua and older brothers and younger brothers and the sisters of their alii for whom this famous story rises.

Kiha (m) lived with Kaohikinuiokalani (f), and born between them were the chiefly children, five in total. Here are each of their names:

Liloa (m), after him there were twins, Laeanui (f), Kaumanamana (f), Kalani (m), Pinea (f).

Liloa lived with his own sister, Pinea, and born was Hakau (m), that being Hakaualiloa. It is said that Hakau was a Pi’o Chief. Continue reading

B. L. Koko tells the story of Lonoikamakahiki, 1865.



Kalani was the father and Haumea the mother, born was Lonoikamakahiki from Haumea and Kalani; He was taken as hanai by Hauna of Kaikilanialiiwahineopuna [?? Hauna o Kaikilanialiiwahineopuna] until he was grown; the chiefs went to bathe in the ocean, and after they had bathed, the two of them went upland to warm themselves.

While the two of them were warming themselves, Kaiklanialiiwahineopuna said to Lonoikamakahiki, “let’s play konane (the konane played with pebbles).” “Yes,” said Lonoikamakahiki, and they laid out the pebbles upon the board and the two began to play [uhau], and in that first match, he lost to his sister; the two played once again, and he lost once again to his sister; they played for the third time, and that Chief lost once more; after this third loss of Lonoikamakahiki, the Chief grew irritated for just losing…

[This is the opening of one of the stories of Lonoikamakahiki found in the Hawaiian Language Newspapers. It was written by B. L. Koko of Kaualaa, Wailupe, Oahu, and runs in Au Okoa from 9/4/1865. There is criticism of his telling and Koko ends his story on 10/23/1865. He states at his closing that what he wrote is all he knows, but those who know the story well most likely know more things. And if his kupunakane know more, that he will submit it.]

(Au Okoa, 9/4/1865, p. 4)


Ke Au Okoa, Buke I, Helu 20, Aoao 4. Sepatemaba 4, 1865.

Queen Liliuokalani attends historical play at Kapiolani Park, 1916.


SOME SCENES THAT WERE SHOWN—(1) Kakuhihewa, King of Oahu. (2) The Alii and Kaukau Alii of King Lonoikamakahiki of Hawaii leaving the throne. (3) King Lonoikamakahiki. (4) The Chiefs and Attendants in the Procession. (5) Queen Liliuokalani, and Her Companions watching the Performance. (6) The Attendants of Queen Kaikilani. (7) The Retainers of Queen Kaikilani. Continue reading

The beginnings of Kamehameha Schools, 1884.

Kamehameha School.

By way of the kind and generous endowment given by the Hon. Mrs. Bernice Pauahi Bishop, she did not forget to make contributions for Schools. Amongst the heirs shown in one of our papers published earlier, she gave a sum of money to build a new schoolhouse for children with no parents or who are indigent, and the name of the school is to be Kamehameha. By this great kindness extended to help in the education of orphan and indigent children, several familiar friends of this town were recently selected as trustees and administrators pertaining to the establishing of said school, that being Charles R. Bishop, S. M. Damon, C. M. Hyde, C. M. Cooke, and W. O. Smith; and with them lies the power to build. Two schools houses are being considered to be built: one for the boarders, and one for the day school students. They are now searching for a suitable place to build the buildings. In those schools, knowledge will be taught to the children in all facets of the English language, as well as learning that will be helpful for advancement in their adult life. Here is your new place of learning, O Hawaiians who are without parents, who are indigent, and so forth. Education in this land is progressing, and therefore, “Let the life of the land live on in righteousness.”

(Kuokoa, 11/8/1884, p. 2)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXIII, Helu 45, Aoao 2. Novemaba 8, 1884.



50th Anniversary of the Bana Hawaii, 1919

Pictures 1—The Hawaiian Band taken in San Francisco in 1883. 2—The band on the steps of the new Palace and the Executive Building [Hale Mana Hooko] today, taken in 1884. The new uniforms of the boys seen in this picture was sent by mistake from America to Honduras, Central America. 3—The Band lead by [Jose S.] Libornio that refused to swear under the Provisional Government in 1893. 4—The picture of J. K. Pohina [James K. Pohina], the only man left of the 26 who established the band 50 years ago, who is still with the Hawaiian Band. 5—The band at the Golden Gate, of San Francisco, at a banquet in 1895. 6—The band today at their new home on Waiakamilo Street, Kalihi. 7—The Bana Hawaii leading the parade of the Great Secret Society Knights Templars in San Francisco, August 20, 1883.


When Kamehameha V was ruling fifty years ago, the Hawaiian Band was established by a British man named Mr. Northcett, under orders of the King. On that day 26 young men were chosen for the band from the reformatory school of Keoneula, and the teaching of this knowledge to them was immediately began. The king had this idea first and so brass instruments were ordered earlier and they arrived here in Honolulu before he chose Mr. Northcett as the instructor to teach the boys. Continue reading