A mele for patriot, Nawahiokalaniopuu, 1893.


He lei keia no Nawahi
Nelekona oe o ka Pakipika
Ka uila anapa ma ka Hikina
Malamalama ai Hawaii Loa
Hoike ana hoi me ka noeau
I ka lama ku no Hawaii nei
Huai pau ke aloha Aina
E imi ana hoi me ka noeau
Hoike ana hoi me ka hopo ole
Na hana uahoa a ka lokoino
Pahola ke aloha o Nawahi
Kaukau mai ana i ka Lahui
E noho kakou me ka hoomalu
Malama kakou i ka maluhia Continue reading

More on paintings of Joseph Nawahi, 1888.


We went in person to see the just completed paintings of Joseph Nawahi, Esq. of Hilo; a painting of the crater of Kilauea and Waikiki seen from Leahi; we have but one word to say,—he is a Hawaiian well versed at painting self taught to a very high level. It is something that baffles the malihini, that Mr. Nawahi possesses this amazing talent like that of the haole who were actually schooled in this field of knowledge. His paintings are being shown at the bookstore of A. M. Hewett [Huita] where malihini have words of praise for this Hawaiian skilled at handling his paintbrush deftly utilizing all the colors of ink. Way-up.

(Kuokoa, 12/8/1888, p. 2)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXVII, Helu 49, Aoao 2. Dekemaba 8, 1888.

Acrostic Mele for the Home of Emma and Joseph Nawahi, Homelani, 1894.


N—ani wale ka luna a i Homelani
A—ia i ka lai a o Hilo One
W—ehiwehi ka opua i ka’u ike
A—ia i ke ao malamalama
H—anohano Hawaii i ka’u ike
I—ke ku kamahao ma ka Hikina
O—ka lehua makanoe o Luluupali
K—ahiko mau ia o ka aina
A—ia i ka luna o Waiau
L—ilinoe ka wahine a oia uka
A—ia i ka piko olu o Wakea
N—oho mai o Malama i ka uluwehi
I—iwi e ka manu kiko waipua
O—ka Mamo iho la hulu melemele
P—au na mea nui i ka ike ia
U—a au ia hoi e ke kai loa
U—a like a like me Nelekona
A—iwaiwa a o Hawaii nei
I—anei ke aloha kakia iwi
M—akia paa ia i ka puuwai
A—eo mai oe i kou inoa
O Kalaniopuu i ka uluwehi.

Hakuia e Puuwaialoha.

[E o, e Hilo i ka ua Kanilehua! Does anyone know who Puuwaialoha is? This person was a composer of many a mele.]

(Leo o ka Lahui, 12/18/1894, p. 3)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 1080, Aoao 3. Dekemaba 18, 1894.

The people speak, 1894.


Three Thousand Hawaiians Declare Their Objection to the Republic.

A very short and a very insufficient call was made for a mass meeting on Palace Square at 5 o’clock yesterday afternoon, to protest against the promulgation of the Republic while the question of the revolution was still in the hands of the United States Executive as arbitrator. Scarcely anybody knew a meeting of the kind was intended until yesterday morning. Nevertheless, when the hour arrived there had assembled a thousand people, this number being tripled by the time proceedings began.

The premises of Mr. Nacayama were kindly allowed for the use of the meeting. In the small elevated pavilion overlooking the square were seated Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Widemann, Mr. and Mrs. James Campbell, Mr. and Mrs. John A. Cummins, Mrs. Nawahi, Mrs. Aholo, Mrs. Fernandez and Miss Peabody. In front were Messrs. J. O. Carter, J. Nawahi, J. E. Bush, R. W. Wilcox, J. K. Kaulia and press reporters. There were also stationed at the front the Government shorthand reporter, J. W. Jones, and interpreter, W. L. Wilcox, to catch any sedition that might be talked to the crowd.

Mr. Nawahi called the meeting to order and introduce in turn Mr. Kaulia to read the resolution in Hawaiian, and Mr. Carter to perform the same office in English. The resolution is a follows:

“Be it resolved, that the Hui Aloha Aina and other Patriotic Leagues, together with the Loyal subjects of the Hawaiian Kingdom, in Mass Meeting assembled, representing by far the greater majority of the legitimate voters of this country, do hereby most solemnly protest against the promulgation of a new Constitution, formed without the consent and participation of the People, and we also protest against changing the form of government from the one under which we have lived peacefully and prosperously for many years. And that we maintain that the will of the majority of the legitimate voters of Hawaii should be the supreme power of the land, as such power is so recognized and accepted by all the enlightened countries and by all the enlightened governments of the world.”

Mr. Bush then delivered the following address in both languages:

Fellow Citizens and Friends:

We are convened here this afternoon under the broad canopy of heaven, to enunciate broad and important principles. We are not here to express any personal grievances, nor to make any personal complaints, but as a large body of the people we are here, to express our wishes in a peaceful and orderly manner, against the promulgation  of a document which we deem subversive of our rights as free citizens of this country. We are here in the interests of every individual present, and of every individual absent, whom some of us as associated bodies here represent, and of every unit of this government. We are here to set forth the inherent rights of every man and woman in Hawaii nei, and to object to any act restrictive of their rights, and are doing our duty. However, we are not unmindful of the just and legitimate authority vested in those who have assumed the governmental power to administer the affairs of the governed. We recognize the right of civil government to be, and the duty is divinely enjoined upon all rendering to the governmental power, provisional as well as permanent, that which legitimately belongs to it.

We believe that civil governments are ordained of God for the good of every man, woman and child, through the will of the people, and as long as so administered for their good and with their consent, we should give our adherence to it. We are not in sympathy with anarchy or with the creation of social disorder, believing that all our troubles can be more easily and more intelligently adjusted by the peaceful process of free and untrammeled appeal to the people, from whom all just power to govern belongs, and from whence it should emanate.

And it is because the fundamental principles of just government have been studiously and wilfully ignored by the powers that have been set up over us, through the armed intervention of the forces of a nation presumed to be on friendly intercourse with us, that we are gathered here to make protest against the further encroachment upon those principles and upon our rights as free citizens of an independent country, and especially against the promulgation of a constitution in which, by unusual restrictions, the people have been debarred from participating in, if they so desired. However, we have had other reasons for not participating in the framing of such a document, i.e., that we are pledged to respect the position of the Chief Executive of the American Nation, who, for the honor of his country, and for our benefit, is made a party to our affairs, as arbiter.

Until the United States, through its chosen head, is heard from, we find ourselves on the verge of being made a party, by tacit consent, to an act that sets aside all sense of honor, all moral obligation, yes, to participate in a flagrant insult toward and breach of confidence in a nation to whom we have submitted our differences for arbitration and readjustment. If for no other rea-

(Daily Bulletin, 7/3/1894, p. 1)


The Daily Bulletin, Volume VII, Number 1074, Page 1. July 3, 1894.

son than the last, we should all the more loudly proclaim our disapproval of the proposed institution of a new for of Government, under a new constitution formed by an oligarchy, until the arbiter of our dispute is heard from, and until if need be the voice of the people of Hawaii is heard, whose right it is to speak upon Hawaii’s future destiny.

We regret, deeply regret, the necessity that calls for this protest from us. But duty to ourselves and honor to those whom we have appealed to demand that we should give utterance to our views in brief and in unmistakable language, without being personal or vituperative. It is a God-given right, and we would be derelict in duty if we refrained from exercising it, and unanimously sustaining the resolution just read, which embodies all that is necessary to express our principles and by thus publicly and peacefully putting ourselves upon record before the world, absolve ourselves from the charge of being partakers in arbitrary and high-handed measures, the culmination of successive unprincipled acts, which began nearly two years ago.

We have met here to protest against personal government, against every act which restricts the inherent rights of the people. No one can deny that the constitution proposed by the Provisional Government is based upon a fraudulent foundation. The whole fabric from which it emanated is one of injustice, fraud and fiction, and it will end, as all such acts of Neroism should end, by disgrace to the inceptors and disaster to the State that should be unfortunate enough to have such retrogressive principles for its foundations, whereby and by which to rule and govern its people.

Mr. Bush had thrown a few impromptu remarks into his written address, which caused laughter and applause. In arguing that the Constitution of the Republic did not assure stable government, he referred to the quarrel in the Convention between “Brother Damons and Brother Smith.” He asked if men born under the free flag of America could support the conduct of the authors of the Constitution. Cries of “No” answered him.

Mr. Nawahi in a few words spoke of the action in proclaiming a republic as premature, while Hawaiian affairs were yet under consideration by the United States. If he were the American Minister he would tell those people to keep to their provisional status until the matter was settled. He called for the ratification of the resolution by three cheers.

The call was responded to by a roar of voices which could be heard a mile away.

Messrs. Cummins, Widemann and Nawahi were named as a committee to present the resolution to the foreign representatives.

[The “Nacayama” who offers his premises to be used for this meeting must be G. O. Nacayama, seen also as G. O. Nakayama, the Inspector-in-Chief of Japanese Immigrants who lived on Merchant Street near the Opera House, as per PCA article 7/11/1894, p. 3.]

(Daily Bulletin, 7/3/1894, p. 4)


son than the last...

The Daily Bulletin, Volume VII, Number 1074, Page 4. July 3, 1894.

The great protest of July 2, 1894.


Five Thousand Loyalist Protest Against the So-Called Republic.

Without advertising, without preparations, a crowd of loyal citizens met yesterday on Palace Square, and then there did solemnly protest against the proclamation of a republic, not representing the people, not established for the benefit of the masses but virtually made for the sole benefit of the small and insignificant clique placed in power by J. L. Stevens and American troops in controversy of justice, honor, and popular will.

Over five thousand people gathered, among whom were all classes, all nationalities and all friends of popular government. The meeting was most orderly, and as Nawahi urged in opening the meeting, free from any undue demonstration, free from noise generally attached to a political meeting. Mr. J. O. Carter, one of the oldest and best known citizens in the country read the resolution, protesting against the so-called republic. Messrs. Bush, Nawahi and Kaulia spoke to the Hawaiians in most eloquent terns, and translated the resolution which was received with tremendous cheering by the Hawaiians. The following is the text of the resolution.

Be it resolved. That the Hui Aloha Aina and other patriotic leagues, together with the loyal subjects of the Hawaiian Kingdom, in mass meeting assembled, representing by far the greater majority of the legitimate voters of this country, do hereby most solemnly protest against the promulgation of a new Constitution, formed without the consent and participation of the people, and we also protest against changing the form of government from the one under which we have lived peacefully and prosperously for many years. And that we maintain that the will of the majority of the legitimate voters of Hawaii should be the supreme power of the land, as such power is so recognized and accepted in all civilized countries, and by all the enlightened governments of the world.

(Hawaii Holomua, 7/3/1894, p. 2)


Hawaii Holomua, Volume III, Number 154, Page 2. July 3, 1894.

Aloha Aina, 1894.




A great meeting of the makaainana of the lahui will be held on THIS EVENING. Monday, 2nd of July, at 5 p. m., exactly, to show their objection to the proclamation of a new Constitution and their disapproval of the changing of their form of government from what has been constant to their people from before.

This summons has been declared, calling the Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina and the like Associations of the various ethnicities who have rights under the Constitution of the land, to gather this evening. Come all people.

Under the direction of

J. Nawahi.
President of the H. H. A. A.

J. K. Kaunamano
J. E. Bush
Vice Presidents.

H. A. Wideman
J. A. Cummins
Honorary Presidents.

J. K. Kaulia

Honolulu, July 2, 1894.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 9/2/1894, p. 2)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 974, Aoao 2. Iulai 2, 1894.

Patriotism, 1894.

Great Meeting of the People!!!

Forward O Hawaiians!!


A Great Meeting of Makaainana will be held at Palace Square, at 5 p. m. on this very day, July2, 1894; to show our steadfastness in our patriotism.

Hawaii’s own Lahui, as well as the other ethnicities who are of the same mind, are invited to go in unity and show their insistence behind the Resolution that will be passed at that time.

Invited are the Men, the Women, and all the young people of the Hawaiian Patriotic League [Hui Aloha Aina], and all friends, to go immediately with great enthusiasm and festivity to fill the meeting with numbers of Twenty and more thousand people.

And provided that the Marshal [Ilamuku] of the Provisional Government [Aupuni Kuikawa] has approved our meeting. Therefore, we have nothing to be concerned about. Let us however maintain the peace.


President of the Hui Aloha Aina.


Head Secretary of the Hui Aloha Aina.

Honolulu, July 2nd, 1894.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 7/2/1894, p. 2)

Halawai Makaainana Nui!!!

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 974, Aoao 2. Iulai 2, 1894.

Constitution of the Hawaiian Patriotic League, in English, 1893.



Whereas vital changes in our Country have taken place, which may affect its Independence and the Civil Rights of its Subjects and Citizens, thereby rendering indispensable a compact and zealous Union between all men who love the Country, irrespective of Party or creed.

Therefore, Resolved that We, the patriotic, peaceful and loyal Subjects and Citizens of Hawaii nei, for the purpose of peaceably guarding our Civil Rights, do hereby form ourselves into a League, under the following Constitution:


Article 1—The name of this Association shall be the HAWAIIAN PATRIOTIC LEAGUE (Ka Hui Hawaii Aloha AIna).


Article 2—The object of this Association is to preserve and maintain, by all legal and peaceful means and measures, the Independent Autonomy of the Islands of Hawaii nei; and, if the preservation of our Independence be rendered impossible, our object shall then be to exert all peaceful and legal efforts to secure for the Hawaiian People and Citizens the continuance of their Civil Rights.


Article 3—The League shall consist of one Central Body in Honolulu, with Branches in the various Districts of the other Islands.


Article 4—(A) All the Natives of this Country, over 20 years of age, who are willing to pledge themselves to the objects of this League, are eligible for membership thereof and may become members by signing this Constitution.

(B) All foreigners, at present enjoying or entitled to Civil Rights in this country, and in sympathy with the objects of this Association and willing to pledge themselves to it, by signing the Constitution, may be admitted as Honorary Members.


Article 5—The Central Body of the Patriotic League shall rule over all the District Branches , and shall be conducted by the following officers:

1. Honorary President,

1. President,

2. Vice-Presidents,

1. Secretary,

1. Treasurer,

And 13 Councillors who together, shall constitute an Executive Council of 19 members. All these Officers must be native Hawaiians and must be elected by Ballot, for such term of office, as may be provided in the by-laws of the League or Council.

The District Branches shall elect their Chairman, Vice-Chairman, Secretary and Treasurer, and shall appoint one Delegate to represent them before the Central Body in Honolulu, which Delegate shall have a right to attend the meeting of the Executive Council and of the League.


Article 6—Foreign Members shall be elected by the Executive Council, to the following honorary offices: 1 Honorary President, 2 Honorary Vice-Presidents, 2 Honorary Secretaries, and 7 Honorary Councillors, or more, as may hereafter be determined by the League. These Honorary Officers shall constitute and Advisory Council who shall sit and vote with the Executive Council.


Article 7—The duties of the various officers shall be those pertaining to the respective offices, as is usual in all similar organizations, and shall be more expressly defined in such by-laws as may be hereafter adopted by the Executive Council.


Article 8—Meetings of the League shall be called by the President, at the request of the Executive Council or of any other ten members;

Meetings of the Executive Council shall be called by the President at the request of any three members of said Council;

All proceeding s of meetings of the League and of the Executive Council shall be governed by the usual decorum and rules of Parliamentary Usage.


Article 9—Any member of the League or of its Executive Council, who may commit an act violating the spirit and purposes of this League may be summoned before the Executive Council, and upon conviction by them, be expelled from the League.


Article 10—All amendments or additions to the present Constitution must be approved by a general meeting of the League.

Adopted, Honolulu, this 4th day of March, 1893.

[See the Hawaiian-Language Constitution here!]

(Leo o ka Lahui, 3/22/1893, p. 3)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 667, Aoao 3. Maraki 22, 1893.

Constitution of the Hawaiian Patriotic League, in Hawaiian, 1893.



Oiai ua ike ia ae nei ka loli ano nui ana o ko kakou aina, he mea hoi e manaoia ai, e hoopilikia ia ana kona Kuokoa ame na Pono Kivila o kona mau Makaainana, a me na Kupa, a no ia mea, he mea pono e kukuluia ona Hui manao lokahi a makaala mawaena o na kanaka a pau e aloha ana i ka Aina, me ka nana ole i ka Aoao Kalaiaina, a Manaoio Hoomana paha. Nolaila:

E hooholoia. O makou o na makaainana kupaa a me na Kupa Aloha Aina a makee maluhia hoi o Hawaii nei, no ke kiai makaala ana i ko makou mau Pono Kivila, ma keia, ke hoohui nei makou ia makou iho ma kekahi Ahahui, malalo o ke Kumukanawai mahope ae nei. penei:


Pauku 1—O ka inoa o keia Ahahui, oia “Ka Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina.”


Pauku 2—O ka hana a keia Ahahui oia ka malama ana a me ke kakoo ana, ma na keehina hana maluhia a kue kanawai ole, i ke kulana Kuokoa o na Pae Aina o Hawaii, a ina he mea hiki ole ke malamaia ko lakou Kuokoa, alaila, o ka kakou hana oia ka hooikaika ana i na hana kue ole i ke kanawai a me ka maluhia e hoomau ia ai ka Pono Kivila o na kanaka Hawaii a me na Kupa makaainana.


Pauku 3—Aia iloko o keia Ahahui e kukulu ia he hookahi Hui Nui ma Honolulu i kapa ia “Ka Hui Kuwaena,” [Central Body] a mai loko aku ona e kukulu ia ai i ma Ahahui lala ma na Apana Koho o na Mokupuni.


Pauku 4—[A] O na Lala o keia Ahahui, oia na kanaka Hawaii maoli o keia aina, he 20 makahiki a oi aku i makemake e hoopaa ia lakou iho maloko o na kumuhana o keia Ahahui, ua kupono ia e lilo i mau hoa, a lilo hoi i mau lala mamuli nae o ke kakau inoa ana malalo o keia Kumukanawai.

[B] O na kanaka a pau o na Aina e, e noho nei i keia wa he mau Pono Kivila ko lakou iloko o keia aina a i lokahi pu hoi, na manao e kakoo i na kumuhana a keia Hui, a i makemake e hoopaa ia lakou iho no ua Hui la, ma ke kakau inoa ana malalo o keia Kumukanawai, e lilo no lakou i mau hoa Hanohano (Lala) no keia Ahahui.


Pauku 5—O ka Hui Nui Kuwaena [Central Body] o “Ka Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina” oia ke noho mana maluna o na Ahahui lala o kela a me keia apana koho, a e lawelawe ia ana e na Luna Nui malalo iho nei, penei:

1—Peresidena Hanohano, 1—Peresidena, 2—Hope Peresidena, 1—Kakauolelo, 1—Puuku a me 13 mau Hoa Kuka, a o lakou a pau, oia ka Aha Hooko o 19 lala. O keia mau luna a pau he poe kanaka Hawaii maoli, a e koho ia lakou ma ka Balota, no ka manawa a e hoakakaia e na Rula o keia Ahahui.

E koho no na Ahahui Lala o na apana koho i ko lakou Lunahoomalu, Hope Lunahoomalu; Kakauolelo a me ka Puuku, a e koho i hookahi Elele i wahaolelo no lakou e hele mai ai imua o ka Ahahui Nui (Hui Kuikawa) ma Honolulu, a ua loaa i ua Elele la ke kuleana e hele ai ma na halawai o ka Aha Hooko a me na halawai o ka Ahahui.


Pauku 6. O na kanaka o na Aina E, e lilo ana i mau lala, e kohoia lakou e ka Aha Hooko no na kulana hanohano e like me keia:

1. Peresidena Hanohano

2. Hope Peresidena Hanohano

2. Kakauolelo Hanohano

7. Hoa Kuka Hanohano, a oi aku paha e like me ka mea e hooholoia ana e ka Hui ma keia hope aku;

O keia mau Luna Hanohano oia ka Aha Kuka [Advisory Council] e noho pu a e koho me ka Aha Hooko.


Pauku 7. O na hana a na Luna Nui, ua like no ia me na hana maa mau e pili ana ina Hui e ae e like me keia ano Ahahui, a e hoakaka pono ia ana hoi ma na rula e aponoia ana ma keia hope aku e ka Aha Hooko.


Pauku 8. Na halawai o ka Hui e kahea ia no ia e ka Peresidena, ma ke kauoha a ka Aha Hooko, a o kekahi mau Hoa paha he 10;

E kaheaia na halawai a ka Aha Hooko e ka Peresidena ma ke noi a kekahi mau hoa 3, o ua Aha Hooko la;

O na hana o na halawai a pau o ka Hui a me ka Aha Hooko e alakai ia no ia e na rula o na anaina maikai, a me na rula maa mau o na Ahaolelo.


Pauku 9. O kela a me keia hoa o ka Hui a o ka Aha Hooko paha, e hana ana i kekahi hana e kue ana i ka manao a me na hana a keia Ahahui, e kauohaia no ia e ku imua o ka Aha Hooko, a ina ahewa lakou iaia, e kipakuia no oia ma ka Hui aku.


Pauku 10. O na hoololi a me na pakui ana mai i keia Kumukanawai, e  hana wale ia no ia ma ka hooholo ana a na halawai mau o ka Hui.

Aponoia ma Honolulu, i keia la 4 o Maraki, 1893.

Peresidena Hanohano  J. A. Cummins

Peresidena  J. Nawahi

Hope Peresidena  J. K. Kaunamano

” ”  J. W. Pipikane

[See the English-language version here.]

(Leo o ka Lahui, 3/22/1893, p. 3)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 667, Aoao 3. Maraki 22, 1893.

And more on the passing of John G. M. Sheldon, 1914.


At nine o’clock in the morning of this past Friday, the life breath of John Kahikina Kelekona left forever at his home; he was a very famous historian, and an old newspaperman in this town in years past, and his famous works will become an unforgettable monument to him.

He left behind many children, six daughters and two sons. The girls are: Mrs. I. Cockett; Mrs. J. R. Francis; Mrs. Ernest Kaai; Mrs. Joseph Namea; Mrs. M. Dutro, of Wailuku, Maui; Miss Emma Sheldon; and the boys are: D. K. Sheldon and Henry Sheldon, who work as clerks on inter-island steamships.

He left also two brothers [hoahanau]: William J. Sheldon, one of the esteemed members of the legislature some sessions ago, and Lawrence K. Sheldon who is with the law enforcement office in Honolulu. Continue reading