Luau at Kaumakapili Church put on by Princess Liliuokalani, 1887.

There will be a grand luau put on by the President, H. R. H. Liliuokalani, at Kaumakapili Church, for the benefit of the Hooulu and Hoola Lahui Society [Ahahui Hooulu a Hoola Lahui] on the 22nd of January 1887, from 12 to 7 o’clock. Therefore, the kindness of all is requested to come there with their donations for the Ahahui.

(Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, 1/15/1887, p. 4)

E malamaia ana he ahaaina luau...

Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, Buke X, Helu 3, Aoao 4. Ianuari 15, 1887.

Chinese population, 1901.


Washington, Oct. 8. There was a report received by Commissioner Yerkes pertaining to the number of Chinese who registered their names as residing in the Hawaiian Islands, which was done last June. The total of Chinese who registered were 28,925, and this was an increase of 6000 in the Chinese population from the last census. The number of Chinese on Oahu is 17,482, and 3,907 of them are living in the town of Honolulu, and being that there were many who travelled there to register their names, it is not possible to ascertain the correct number of Chinese residing in that town. For the other islands, these are the number of Chinese known:

Hawaii, 4,644; Kauai, 3,418; Maui, 3,348, and Molokai, 33.

(Aloha Aina, 10/26/1901, p. 6)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke VII, Helu 48, Aoao 6. Okatoba 26, 1901.

On Hooulu Lahui, 1876.



The following is the text of the memorial of citizens which was presented to His Majesty on Tuesday last, by a committee of signers:

To His Majesty the King,

Sire:—We, the undersigned, subjects and residents of this kingdom and friends of your Royal Person, in view of what we deem a grave condition of public affairs, take the liberty to address you in a spirit of frankness and loyalty in order to point out the danger that threatens the state, and at the same time the necessary measures to avoid the national peril.

We desire to say at the outset, that we are prompted to take part in this address not only on account of a loyal and friendly regard for Your Majestyʻs person, but also by reason of our strong desire to see maintained, with ample honor and prosperity, the Independence of the Hawaiian Kingdom.

The propriety of according the privileges of independent sovereignty to a state so much reduced in people as Your Majestyʻs dominions is very much questioned, and the discussion is most detrimental to the dignity and permanence of the throne. This question was even raised in past years, when Hawaii numbered far more souls than at this time within her borders. When the commissioners of Kamehameha III presented the claims of this archipelago for recognition as an independent state to the Government of Great Britain in 1843, they were met at first with a peremptory refusal from Lord Aberdeen, the British foreign minister, on the ground that the state of Hawaii was a mere chieftaincy under foreign influences, and too small to be entitled to diplomatic courtesies and treaty making powers. And if such a view could be taken of our state thirty-three years ago, when we numbered about one hundred thousand people, what must be thought of our capability for independence now when perhaps we number barely fifty thousand souls, natives and foreigners all told? Continue reading

Interesting advertisement, 1873.


As incentive to have Hawaiian parents care properly for their children, and to assist in the growth of the lahui of this Archipelago, I promise forthwith to pay


For each child born in Waikapu, Maui, after this date. Here are the conditions to this Agreement. It is a child born in Waikapu proper, and their parent must live there. Here is how the payment works: TEN DOLLARS when they are born and the child’s name is recorded. Ten Dollars each year for four years thereafter, and on the fifth year, the total FIFTY DOLLARS remaining will be given.  H. CORNWELL, (Konawela.)

Honolulu, December 7, 1872.

[I wonder what the rest of this story is. It is interesting to note that this precedes the reign of Kalakaua and his famous proclamation, “Hooulu Lahui”.

It seems Henry Cornwell and his brother-in-law, James Louzada, had by then made a good amount of money on sugar in Waikapu.]

(Kuokoa, 3/8/1873, p. 3)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XII, Helu 10, Aoao 3. Maraki 8, 1873.

Population of Hawaii, 1838.


This is something translated from a haole document.

“How many people are there currently in the Hawaiian Archipelago? Is that something that is clear? We believe, it is not. In the census in 1836, there were 108,759 people total, however in 1832, there were 130,318, like this:

1832 1836 Decrease over 4 years
Hawaii 45,792 38,364 6,428
Maui 35,062 24,199 10,863
Molokai 6,000 6,000
Lanai 1,600 1,200 400
Kahoolawe 80 80
Oahu 29,755 27,809 1,946
Kauai 10,977 8,934 2,043
Niihau 1,047 993 54
130,313 108,579 21,734

If these figures are true, then it is clear that there has been a decrease of 21,734 people in the total population over four years. Is that truly the decrease in the population of Hawaii nei? It is imperative that the alii of this archipelago investigate and make it clear, and should they check and if this is indeed the decrease, they must quickly find a way to stop the deaths of their people. If this way of life goes on for another few years, then the population will be miniscule and perhaps only the alii will survive and they will not have people to care for them; there will be no one to farm a bit of land passed down from the ancestors. Therefore it is imperative for the sake of the alii and the people that the alii put great effort into this, and this is what we strongly ask of them to do a great count of all of the people of this nation. It is important to document the names of everyone, whether they are men, or women, or girls or boys, and their occupation, their age, and whether they are married or not. Also, it is important that this effort be explained so that people understand to prevent them from hiding themselves and their family, like they do when they are being tallied for taxation [hookupu ana]. And after two years or three pass, there should be another count, although it really is important to do it every year. This shouldn’t be very hard to do in a land of very few people. This is what should be understood.”

If there is an clear decrease, there should immediately be something done to curtail it.

(Kumu Hawaii, 12/5/1838, p. 55)


Ke Kumu Hawaii, Buke 4, Pepa 14, Aoao 55. Dekemaba 5, 1838.

Even more deaths from Kalawao, 1887.

Deaths in the Colony of Kalawao for the first Quarter of the year 1887 A. D.

To the Kuokoa; Salutations to your patience. Here again is a sad delivery to be loaded upon your shoulders so that our friends from Hilo Hanakahi all the way until the pleasant base of Lehua [the whole archipelago] may see.

Apr. 8 Mokuaikai (m) Hilo, Hawaii

” 9 Lui Petero (m) Kalihi, Oahu

” Mahaoi (f) ” “

” 24 Heanu (f) Hilo, Hawaii¹

” 28 John Pa’u (m) North Kona, “

” 30 Hulihee (m) Kaneohe, Oahu

May 2 Kawaiwela (m) Honolulu, “

” 12 Mileka (f) Wailuku, Maui

” 17 Waiau (m) Kalihi, Oahu

” 18 Kahuli (f) Makawao, Maui

” 20 Kamakee (m) Kula, Maui

” 27 Koieomo (f) Honolulu, Oahu

” 30 Lapauli (m) Wailuku, Maui

June 5 Haupu (m) Kahaluu, Oahu

” 13 Kahoukapu (m) Wailuku, Maui

” ” Kamalunui (m) Honolulu, Oahu

” 17 Paulo (m) Makawao, Maui

” 19 Makaaiaulu (m) North Kona, Hawaii

” 22 J. J. Kahuila (m) Hana, Maui

” 29 Kane (m) Kamalo, Molokai

There were 21 who died this quarter, and the number of remaining leprosy patients here in the Colony is 541; from within this number, 356 are male, and 185 are female; and 48 are in the Hospital of which 38 are male and 10 female.

This is my report with humility.

P. K. Kalanilehua.

Secretary, Kalawao, July 16, 1887.

¹ This line is folded under and can’t be seen clearly. There are many pages of newspaper images like this, and this is just another reason that the newspapers have to be unbound and flattened out so that they can be shot clearly.

(Kuokoa, 7/23/1887, p. 4)

Na Make o ka Panalaau o Kalawao no ka Hapaha mua o ka A. D. 1887.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXVI, Helu 30, Aoao 4. Iulai 23, 1887.

More deaths in Kalawao, 1887.

The deaths in the Colony of Kalawao in the first Quarter of the year 1887 A. D.

To the Kuokoa Newspaper; Aloha oe:—Please put in one of your columns the names of those who died in this colony, so that our friends living in the neighborhoods of our archipelago may see.

The numbers of us known on the 28th of December of the past year 1886 A. D. were 588 total; of this, 398 were males and 190 were females. And the total deaths in this Colony during that year were shown before the public in the Newspaper Pae Aina [Ko Hawaii Pae Aina]. And here below is the list of people who died in the first three months of 1887 A. D.

January 1, Paahao (m) Kalawao, Molokai

” 10, Kahele (f) Kona, Hawaii

” 12 Kanealii (m) Hana, Maui

” 12 Aina (f) Honolulu, Oahu

” 19 Kailikaea (m) Koloa, Kauai

” ” Kane (m) Kaupo, Maui

” 29 Paaluhi (m) Waihee, Maui

” 31 Kanakole (f) Kohala, Hawaii

Feb. 1 Keaka (f) Waipio, Hawaii

” 3 Kapololi (m) Kalaupapa, Molokai

” 7 Kukuhilo (f) Haiku, Maui

” 10 Malie (f) Honolulu, Oahu

” 11 Luiki (f) ” “

” 13 Nuole (m) Makawao, Maui

” 20 Palapala (m) Honolulu, Oahu

” ” Rebecca Puna (f) ” “

” 22 Kepola (f) Kohala, Hawaii

” 28 Lulana (m) Koolaupoko, Oahu

” ” Palekai (m) Makawao, Maui

Mar. 4 Kalunaauhau (m) Kau, Hawaii

” 6 Kalohi (m) Lihue, Kauai

” 8 Napoiwai (f) Laie, Kauai

” 11 Kaaea (m) Makawao, Maui

” ” Koea (f) Honolulu, Oahu

” 20 Maholelani (m) Hana, Maui

” 23 Kealoha (m) Kona, Hawaii

” 24 Jerry Martin (m) Waikapu, Maui

” ” Kope (m) Honolulu, Oahu

” ” Apelila (m) Waimea, Kauai

” 25 Kamakaila (m) Kona, Hawaii

” 27 John Cirk (m) Koolauloa, Oahu

” 28 Kahuhu (f) Kohala, Hawaii

” 30 Kawaiohia (m) Puuohala, Maui

April 3 Kaleikini (m) Wailuku, Maui

” 5 Kelemana (m) Hilo, Hawaii

” 8 W. H. Kala (m) Waihee, Maui

” ” Lephen Kiwaa (m) Honuaula, Maui.

There were 37 deaths in this quarter, and the number of us remaining are 552; that being 365 males and 187 females.

This is my report, with aloha:—

P. K. Kalanilehua; Secretary.

(Kuokoa, 5/14/1887, p. 3)

Na make o ka Panalaau o Kalawao i ka Hapaha mua o ka A. D. 1887.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXVI, Helu 20, Aoao 3. Mei 14, 1887.

Description of Yedo, capital of Japan, 1860.


This is the capital of the nation of Japan; it is a grand city. It is built by the sea, by a great and fine harbor; but large ships cannot approach it.

The land surrounding that city is beautiful, and is well farmed, and there are many shade trees and fruit trees. Inland of the city of Yedo, there is a tall mountain from 12,000 to 16,000 feet, almost like Mauna Kea; it is topped by snow and a caldera like Mauna Loa. It is a sacred mountain for the people there, they go there to worship and to repent for their sins.

In the city of Yedo, there are five forts which are equipped with cannons; there are a great number o people, and houses are crowded together, but the houses are not nice, they are dilapidated. They are not painted, and not improved.

Shops are small, not like here in Honolulu. Some houses however, of the distinguished people, are nice, and they are surrounded by fine trees. The streets of the city are wide, and straight, and clean as well. The houses of the alii there are restricted, men and women cannot enter; only when given permission can they enter. They are surrounded by great and tall walls. The length of this city is twenty miles, and the width is twelve miles. The population is not clear; it is said that the number of people in that city is almost three million.

The currency there is like this; this is similar two cents, and it is a copper coin; there are a many variety of currency.

Here is a problem that the haole traders have there: the fact that people there don’t want foreign money; Mexican currency is what is wanted, and so trading is problematic.

Perhaps this land would benefit by their chiefs coming here and to America; they would see many new things and get educated. And they’d return to their land and tell the alii what they saw, and then reform their land following the tenants of Christianity.

[This is just a few years after Japan was forced to end its sakoku policy by the United States and Perry (1854).

The image of the coin is a mirror image.]

(Hae Hawaii, 3/21/1860, p. 202)


Ka Hae Hawaii, Buke 4, Helu 51, Aoao 202. Maraki 21, 1860.

Population of Niihau and more, 1864.

The Population of Niihau.

O Kuokoa Newspaper; Aloha oe:—In response to the request by the Hoku Loa [newspaper], to tell the population of Niihau, and the number of houses of worship and members of the Lord’s church. Here is the actual figures of the population, from the men, women, older boys, younger boys, married women, and single women, the older girls and younger girls. Here is the chart.

Good-standing men, 187

Married women, 110

Single women, 29

Older boys [that can work?], 18

Younger boys, 50

Older girls, 27

Younger girls, 36

Breast-feeding children, 12

Old men, 51

Old women, 39

Male church members, 36

Female church members, 31

Total, 626

There are four houses of worship; three for the Protestants, and one for the Catholics. The shepherd of the sheep of the Protestants from Waimea, Kauai to Niihau, is Rev. G. B. Rovela [Rowell], and D. Maui and Anadarea are the assistant kahu. As per the requests for answers, will be responses. But there are some people who have gone here or there. This is the supplication of the boy from the west, and I am returning to my gardening of sweet potato scraps, as the Naulu rain came down.

P. R. Holiohana.

Kaununui, Niihau, May 19, 1864.

(Kuokoa, 6/11/1864, p. 4)

Ka nui o na kanaka ma Niihau.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke III, Helu 24, Aoao 4. Iune 11, 1864.