Aloha Aina Ribbons! 1893


The person whose name appears below is ready to supply the orders of those from the country as well as those in the town of Honolulu for Ribbons printed with the Hawaiian Flag and the Crown. This is an insignia for men, women and children who prize their independence and who have aloha for their alii. I can be found at the office of Enoka Johnson on Kaahumanu Street. Each insignia is 30 or 40 cents each, and by the dozen, it is 20 or 30 cents each.


[Might anyone know if there are extant Aloha Aina Ribbons? This is something I want to see!]

(Leo o ka Lahui, 4/25/1893, p. 3)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 691, Aoao 3. Aperila 25, 1893.


Change name, change history, 1894 / Timeless.

The Daily Bulletin.

Pledged to neither Sect nor Party,
But Established for the Benefit of All.

TUESDAY, JAN. 16, 1894.

When, where, how and by whom has the name Palace square been changed to Union square? Surely the Provisional Government has not ratified such a childish piece of historic vandalism? Time enough for such a baby trick when Boston, Portsmouth, Annapolis and other towns in the United States change their names because they were originally called after towns and royal personages in England. Next we shall have these would-be iconoclasts changing the names of King, Queen, Kaahumanu and Kapiolani streets because they offend the esthetically-democratic ideas of the Tims and Macs who are having their brief hour of odious influence.

(Daily Bulletin, 1/16/1894, p. 2)

When, where, how and by whom...

The Daily Bulletin, Volume VII, Number 932, Page 2. January 16, 1894.



The Hawaiian Flag at this time is the Flag of the Monarchy, from times long ago; it is not the Flag of the Republic of Hawaii. That Flag is placed below the Palace; it is a Flag with a single star.

They despise all symbols relating to the Monarchy, and therefore all of the Hawaiian crowns affixed to the gates of the Palace have been removed, and the printing of the image of the crown has been discarded from all government notices; and this is how they attempt through all means to erase all of the streets and squares; they changed Palace Square [Kuea Alii] to Union Square [Union Square] and the Palace [Halealii] to the Executive Building [Hale Hooko], and so forth.

However, as for the Hawaiian Flag, it will prevail, yesterday, today, and for all times. The Hawaiian Flag of the Monarchy is what was saluted to by the warships this past Wednesday.

[Let us not deny the Hawaiian Flag for newly fashioned ones. May it indeed prevail for all times. E welo mau ka Hae Hawaii!]

(Leo o ka Lahui, 9/7/1894, p. 2)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 1022, Aoao 2. Sepatemaba 7, 1894.

David Malo and a prediction, 1894.

The prediction of David Malo.

Nearly 50 years ago, after the sunday service was let out from the Wainee Church in Lahaina, while it was Davida Malo who gave the prayer that sunday, Kaahumanu said to Davida Malo, “Our missionaries are good.” Davida Malo then replied to Kaahumanu, “The missionaries of ours will conspire against us [kipi].

“Tsa! How will they revolt, being that it was they who brought the word of God?” To which Davida Malo answered, “Perhaps they will not revolt, but the children after them, and the grandchildren after them; they will be the rebels.

“And the Alii who is ruling as Monarch at the time, that Alii will stand bare. And the Nation built then, that is the Nation that will stand securely.”

How astonishing is this great foresight of David Malo! and everything he predicted [wanana] has come true, except one remains, and then everything will have come true.

And we believe that all of this will come true.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 9/7/1894, p. 2)

Ka wanana a David Malo.

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 1022, Aoao 2. Sepatemaba 7, 1894.

“Peacock Government,” 1894.


The concealed reference [kaona] of this term: that is a Wandering Government. The Peacock is a bird that is shiftless and a wanderer: it flies from one place to another. A keeper will grow weary looking for this kind of bird.

The other birds are covetous of the golden-yellow feathers of the Peacock; when the Peacock raises its tail feathers and they stand rigid like a loulu fan that shines brightly in the dazzling rays of the Sun, it is then that the beauty of the Peacock is seen.

This Peacock Government however has not spread out its tail feathers, because it is wet and numbed by the rain, and it appears droopy [? kuouou]. It is not recognized by the world’s Peacock Governments. Why is that? Because it is not favored by most of the Butterflies [Pulelehua] and Monarch Butterflies [Olepelepeohina]! How very amazing!

[Who is the Pikake? Who are the Pulelehua and the Olepelepeohina?]

(Leo o ka Lahui, 7/6/1894, p. 2)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 977, Aoao 2. Iulai 6, 1894.

More on the Hawaiian flag and the Republic, 1894.


When the Iwalani docked, we received a letter with the news from Kauai, “the land where the sun is snatched” [ka moku kaili la], and this is the news. On this past Fourth of July, the holiday of the true Americans to celebrate the glory of the Independence of that Great Republic of the world.

W. H. Rice put up two flags on his flagpole, the American Flag on top, and the Hawaiian Flag below; and so too did G. N. Wilcox. But the amazing thing is that on the grounds of the “Peacock Government” [Aupuni Pikake] is established, such action was not seen; this kind of thing is just so hilarious.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 7/11/1894, p. 2)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 980, Aoao 2. Iulai 11, 1894.

Castle and Cooke flies the Hawaiian Flag, 1894.


It is an astonishing thing to see the Hawaiian Flag at the shop of Castle and Co. [Kakela ma], up on the flagpole, where the American flag was placed for 18 or more months. And these days, the Flag is seen waving from the flagpole; how fickle is this; what is with this action by Castle and Co.

It perhaps will be said that this is the flag of the Republic, but we say that such is not the truth, it is simply running away and hiding, just like what the Supreme Court Justice stated, that the “Peacock Government” [Aupuni Pikake] governs under the Hawaiian Flag; they are frightened of the Lion [England] these days.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 7/11/1894, p. 2)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 980, Aoao 2. Iulai 11, 1894.

A patriotic mele criticizing the Rev. Joseph S. Emerson, 1893.


There is a saintly son of a gun,
Whose name is J. S. Emerson,
Who goes about in pious style,
To ease his anti-monarch bile.
And enters with his devout brother,
Hawaiian’s meeting: tries to smother,
All aloha for their Queen and land,
By fairy tales of witchcraft brand.
And sweetly says: “My christian friends,
“In order now to gain our ends,
“Will you ally yourselves with one,
“Who being but a native son.
“Has dared to infringe the haole’s plan
“And makes himself (deceitful man)
“The priest of God and Baal too?
“Shall such associate with you?
“Perish the thought! No! brethren dear,
“Not though my father’s sons, ’tis clear,
“Have robbed you of your lands and living,
“And taught you not that way to heaven.
“We’ll sweetly sing, in chorus clear
“The haole takes the government here
“Having taken all else, and let your Queen,
“Rely on none who here are seen.
“Associate she with heathens foul,
“Pig, kahunas, chickens, awa bowl!
“Shall such be helped with christian prayer,
“And our God asked for her to care.”
He stayed his speech and called for votes,
The answer from indignant throats,
Came fast and furious on his ears:
“Take out from here your lying sneers.
“Hypocrite! usurper! rebel! beast!
“Such words become your family least,
“Who live on what the royal hand,
“Gave bounteous of Waialua’s land.
“As pay for early prayer and praise,
“Raised by your father in those days,
“When missionaries first came here,
“And taught us a new God to fear.
“Go, hound! unto your wealthy home,
“Reflect on whence your creature comforts come,
“Think if you can what doom will be,
“Ingratitude’s God will bring to thee.
“Hide your grey locks in deepest shame
“Let another take your father’s name,
“Go, and ne’er again pollute,
“This sacred place with your foul boot.”
They went: None blessed their homeward way:
All seemed relieved: Arose the lay,
Of praise to God: and all agree,
To pray for Queen and Hawaii.

[Here is an article with descriptions of what led to this mele.]

(Hawaii Holomua, 2/11/1893, p. 4)


Hawaii Holomua, Buke III, Helu 7, Aoao 4. Feberuari 11, 1893.

Joseph Emerson interrupts meeting at the Kapuukolo Church, 1893.


Disruption of a Prayer Meeting With Political Dynamite.

A Visitor Miscalculates Hawaiian Feeling On Affairs.

The members of the little native church at Kapuukolo near the Fish Market held their regular prayer meeting yesterday evening. As is usual at these meetings a subject was proposed for discussion among members. The subject was, “Whether it is right to worship two Gods?” Argument was going along peacefully when Mr. Jos. Emerson entered the church and, after listening a little while, asked to be allowed to take part in the discussion. Mr. E. was given permission and spoke for some time, finally bringing in the name of the dethroned Queen and reflecting on her career. Among other remarks he is said to have referred to stories that the Queen was in the habit of consulting kahunas regarding her chances for restoration to the throne.

 Some of the congregation arose in a body and demanded that Mr. E. close his mouth or he would be summarily removed. S. Kaloa, a native preacher, then addressed the meeting, saying that a committee of church members had had communication and meetings with her Majesty during a year past, and she had told them emphatically she did not believe in kahunas. Now here came a foreigner and told them that she was harboring them. Who would they believe, this man or their committee, who has been in constant communication with the Queen?

Mr. E. asked all who were in favor of the Queen returning to the throne to stand up. All stood up with the exception of five, one a clerk in the office of the Board of Missions.

Kaloa again interfered and asked who dethroned the Queen, was it her people? Another, did Mr. E. consider that the members of the Council, where not a single Hawaiian was present, represented the people?

The argument became hot and finally Mr. Emerson retired and Kaloa held the fort.

A committee from the Church has an advertisement in a native paper calling on all the members to pray to God for the restoration of the Queen.

The foregoing report was gathered by our reporter from several native Hawaiians who was at the meeting. Some of the statements said to have been made by Mr. Emerson have been eliminated on the strength of his emphatic denial that he uttered them. A representative of the Bulletin gained an interview with Mr. Emerson to obtain his side of the story, which is given below:


In answer to questions Mr. Emerson gave in substance the following account of the meeting and his part in it:

 “I had been asked by some of the people to visit their meetings. When I went to the meeting last night I sat for some time listening to the discussion. Then I asked if they would like me to speak on the relations of Christianity with the monarchy, and they said they would.

“I began by telling of the difference between the Hawaiians and the natives of other groups, such as the Marquesas. In those islands tribal wars on single islands were common, while in the early times of the Hawaiian Islands each island had its own king. There were human sacrifices on these islands, but not for the purpose of eating the victims. An advance was made when all the islands were brought under the single rule of Kamehameha I.

“In the time of Kamehameha II., I told them, another great advance was made when Queen Kaahumanu, aided by her priest, threw off the shackles of the tabu and caused the idols to be renounced. Then, until Lot (Kamehameha V.) became King, there was a period free from the old system. Lot began a course of returning to the ancient superstitions.

“With the exception of the brief reign of Lunalilo, I said, down through the reign of Liliuokalani there was a disposition to return to heathen customs. They agreed with me that Kalakaua had gone back toward the ancient superstitions. I mentioned the time when Kaunamano in the presence of King Kalakaua at Kailua advocated a return to the old gods. I said I had heard stories about Queen Liliuokalani’s having sacrificed pigs to Pele at the Volcano, and they probably knew whether these stories were true, and they did not deny their truth.

“Is it true, I then asked, that J. W. Alapai was circulating a petition to have a day of fasting and prayer for the restoration of the Queen? They answered yes. Is it true that Alapai claims to have a unihipili (familiar spirit), and that his wife is the kahu (priestess) of that spirit? They said yes. Is it tre that Alapai is a confessed heathen who is at the same time a luna in Kaumakapili church? To these questions they answered in the affirmative.

“Then, I asked, what should be the attitude of Christian people toward this day of fasting and prayer? Are we to join in with a man who is a pronounced heathen and make no distinction between those who are pronounced opponents of heathenism and those who practice it? Shall we join with Alapai for the return of the Queen to the throne? Can we make common cause with a heathen?

“I did not pronounce my own opinion—I simply drew them out. There was a noisy discussion and some left the room.

“No, I was not threatened to be turned out. I said if my remarks gave offense I should sit down. I shook hands with everyone who had not left the room. My question was, ‘Shall we join with Alapai to pray for the restoration of the Queen?’

“Dr. Emerson, who was also present, tried to conciliate the people. He told them it was right for them to pray for the late Queen’s welfare. They should pray for her soul.

“Yes, I took a vote. There were five who voted against joining with Alapai and three in favor of doing so, but most of those present at the time refrained from voting. The question was not whether they thought the Queen should be restored, but whether it was right to join in a movement to that end with Alapai.”

Mr. Emerson, in answer to a question, admitted that results showed it was injudicious to have introduced the question of restoration at all. Had he known that it would have awakened so much feeling, he said, he would have abstained from questioning the people in the manner described.

[This article was translated in Leo o ka Lahui, 2/9/1893, p. 2. It is interesting that there is a note appended to the end of the translated article that they did not have time to translate Emerson’s response.]

(Daily Bulletin, 2/7/1893, p. 3)


The Daily Bulletin, Volume V, Number 644, Page 3. February 7, 1893.