Official Proclamation of the first Kamehameha Day Holiday, 1872.

[Found under: “MA KE KAUOHA.”]

By the Blessings of God, We, Kamehameha V., the King of the Hawaiian Islands, through this, proclaim that it is our desire and pleasure that from here forth, the eleventh day of June, of every year will be a Holiday to memorialize Our Grandfather and Our Progenitor, Kamehameha I., the one who founded the Nation of Hawaii.

Given at Iolani Palace, by Our hand and Great Seal of Our Nation on this 22nd of December, 1872.

[Legal Seal] KAMEHAMEHA Rex.

(Au Okoa, 12/28/1871, p. 2)

Ma ka Lokomaikai o ke Akua...

Ke Au Okoa, Buke VII, Helu 37, Aoao 2. Dekemaba 28, 1871.


Announcing the first Kamehameha Day, 1872.

[Found under: “NU HOU KULOKO.”]

National Holiday.–According to the spokesman of the nation [Ke Au Okoa], seen under the heading, “By Order,” was proclaimed the word of the king that the 11th of June every year will be observed as a national holiday to memorialize Kamehameha I, the King who unified the kingdom into one. It is not known whether it is his birthday, or whether it is the day that the islands of Hawaii were united under his rule. Time will clear up the confusion.

(Kuokoa, 12/30/1871, p. 2)

He la kulaia Aupuni.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke X, Helu 52, Aoao 2. Dekemaba 30, 1871.

More on the first Kamehameha Day, 1872.

On this upcoming Tuesday, the 11th of June; this is the day which pleases our benevolent King, to set aside as a memorial holiday where the Hawaiian people should rejoice in honor of the progenitor Kamehameha I, who established the Hawaiian nation and who united the archipelago beneath one King, as it is today. The festivities of the day can be seen in the announcements column and it is desired that all enjoy themselves within the proper bounds.

(Au Okoa, 6/6/1872, p. 2)

Ma keia Poalua ae e hiki mai ana...

Ke Au Okoa, Buke VIII, Helu 8, Aoao 2. Iune 6, 1872.

The first Kamehameha Day, 1872.

On this past Tuesday, in accordance with the royal proclamation, the 11th of June was celebrated as a day of remembrance of Kamehameha I, the Royal Ancestor who conquered our aina. This is a new day included in the circle of holidays, and the minds of the populace are happy about this type of day set aside to remember our cherished one of days gone by. The day dawned beautifully; there were no droplets to interfere with those who skillfully took care of the day. From early morning the doors of the shops of the town, both large and small, were shut. And when the sun came all the way out, there were not many people seen on the streets of town, and the great work places were deserted. All things meant to entertain themselves were prepared—some people made parties while others rode horses; however, it seemed as if most of the people were all at the races organized at Kulaokahua, the usual place for all types of entertainment.

The atmosphere of the race tracks that day seemed better than all previous days. Lanai and tents were set up impeccably, and those that undertook that task received much appreciation. The lanai, fields, and hills were filled with thousands who amused themselves with the events of the day. If an observer stood and watched from afar, it was as if he were seeing a picture of a race day somewhere like in Europe. The events of the day started at 10 or so, and after watching all the day’s activities, it was truly wonderful. There were no great commotions to disturb the peace among the crowd–this is something unfamiliar on special days like these.

At 10 o’clock sharp, Queen Emma arrived with her guests, and King Kapuaiwa with his entourage. At the appearance of the King, the activities of the day commenced, and all of the crowd joined in the gaieties that were set up. Below, you will find the races and those that won.

[Various horse races, winners, and prizes are listed.]

The final race, the wheelbarrow race was the most humorous. This entertainment marked the close of the festivities of the day. And everyone left with hearts filled with much glee. We are greatly pleased with one thing, and that is the decrease in the number of outbreaks of various sorts. There were no big riots thought to be related to the events of the day.

(Au Okoa, 6/13/1872, p. 2)

Ma ka Poalua iho nei...

Ke Au Okoa, Buke VIII, Helu 9, Aoao 2. Iune 13, 1872.

More on the 11th of June in Kalaupapa, 1904.

11th of June

Sports at Kalaupapa

High holiday [Kamehameha Day] was kept by the inhabitants of the Leper Settlement throughout the 11th of June. As a matter of fact the jollification began on the eve of Kamehameha Day, with a concert by the “H. H. K.’s” [Hui Hooikaika Kino] or the Kalaupapa Athletic Club, in Beretania hall. The program consisted of athletic exercises, singing, etc.

At 7 a. m., on the 11th the boys of Baldwin Home, Kalawao, headed by their band, set out for Kalaupapa to attend the day’s sports and games. The first event was a shooting match for a dinner, between teams captained by Dr. Goodhue and Superintendent McVeigh. It began at 8 o’clock. The Kalawao band played at short intervals during the match. McVeigh’s team won, so that the doctor’s side had to provide the dinner. Following is the score, ten rounds each:


Shooting match for a dinner furnished by the losing team. The match commenced at 8 a. m. Following are the scores:


J. D. McVeigh ….. 43
J. K. Waiamau ….. 38
Kea Kaehanui ….. 38
M. Klammer ….. 38
J. K. Alapai ….. 36
J. S. Wilmington ….. 32
W. Bruns ….. 31
E. Van Lil ….. 31
Chas. Roth ….. 31
John Forbes ….. 31
Kalani Kaena ….. 30
Wm. Paoo ….. 20
Alex. Smith ….. 19
Punilio ….. 17
Total ….. 435


W. J. Goodhue …. 37
Achong Holuk ….. 36
Jas. Amaka ….. 36
Haumea ….. 34
Kaaihue ….. 34
Geo. Kanikau ….. 34
Geo. Kaaepa ….. 32
Silas Carter ….. 31
J. H. Imihia ….. 31
N. Kealoha ….. 29
I. Hoolapa ….. 29
Chas. Manua ….. 24
D. N. Nawelu ….. 17
Kaha ….. 15
Total ….. 119

The horse races began at 12 o’clock on the quarter mile track. There was a great turnout of the people and enthusiasm ran high. Drays had been sent around the Settlement to fetch all who were unable to walk. The judges were: Jas. Harvest, chairman; George Kanikau, Achong Ho Luk, Jno. K. Waiamau and John T. Unea (teacher). Following is the program of the races with the winners noted:


1. Match Race—½ mile. Purse, $10.00. Entries: Maluikeao, by Jno. Naluai; Spanish, by S. Carter. Won by Spanish.
2. Bicycle Race—½ mile. Free to all. Purse, $3.00. Entries: Jno. Fernandez, Kawehi, A. Galaspo. Won by A. Galespo.
3. Horse Race—½ mile. Free to all; for horses not entered in any race before. Purse, $7.00. Entries: Keahi o Wailuku, by Jno. Naluai; Kalaupapa Girl, by S. Carter. Won by Kalaupapa Girl.
4. Relay Race—½ mile. Free to all. Purse, $4.00. No entries.
5. Pony Race—½ mile. Free to all. Purse, $8.00. Entries: Baltimore, by R. Kekipi; Kalaupapa Girl, by S. Carter; Kaukaiwa, by Ten Sing. Won by Kaukaiwa.
6. Wheelbarrow Race—¼ mile. Purse, $4.00. Entries: D. Ku, J. Kauhane, Kakae, Sol. Momoa. Won by Sol. Momoa.
7. Women’s Horse Race—½ mile. Purse, $5.00. Entries: Lively, by Kaupali; Billy Huihui, by Punohu. Won by Billy Huihui.
8. Barrel Race—¼ mile. Purse, $1.50. Entries: J. Kauhane, Sol. Momoa, Kakae, Hamauku, Kawehi. Won by Sol. Momoa.
9. Horse Race—¼ mile. Free to all. Purse, $5.00. Entries: Maluikeao, by Jno. Naluai; Kaukeano, by S. Carter. Winner undecided. Dead heat.
10. Foot Race—¼ mile. Purse, $2.00. Entries: J. Kauhane, Kawehi, Hulihee, Sol. Momoa. Won by J. Kauhane.
11. Pony Race—¼ mile. Free to all. Purse, $4.00. Entries: Bob, by J. Moloni; Keahi o Wailuku, by Jno. Naluai; Kaukaiwa, by Ten Sing; Kalaupapa Girl, by S. Carter. Won by Kaukaiwa.
12. Saddle Relay Race—½ mile. Purse, $4.00. Entries: 1st team—Kamaka, Levi, Holokahiki, Kaena; 2nd team—Nawelu, Kahaulelio, S. Kaai, Moloni. Won by first team.
13. Scrub Horse Race—½ mile. Purse, $3.00. Entries: Midnight, by J. Moloni; Bay View, by J. Kapuni; Mikimiki, by S. Carter. Won by Bay View.
14. Foot Race—½ mile. For boys under 13 years of age. Purse, $2.00. Entries: J. Hanakahi, Kelii, J. Francisco. Won by J. Hanakahi.
15. Winners’ Horse Race—½ mile. Purse, $12.00. Entries: Spanish, by S. Carter; Kaukaiwa, by Ten Sing. Won by Spanish.


“It was a dandy dinner,” Superintendent McVeigh said yesterday, referring to the evening feast on the shooting match. All the concomitants of a first-class luau were provided, including a bounteous supply of roast pig, together with soda water and cake in abundance. About 120 of the people partook of the repast. The festivities lasted until 12 o’clock Saturday night. In the course of the luau a hearty vote of thanks was passed to the Honolulu contributors of funds for the day’s celebration, with special mention of Acting Governor Atkinson’s agency in soliciting contributions.

“There was never a better behaved crowd,” Mr. McVeigh said with reference to the sports. “At the shooting match nobody was allowed to speak while one was taking aim. They whooped it up, good and strong, after the match and at the horse races.”


A goodly display of flags was made during the day. The Stars and Stripes was flying on the schoolhouse, the storehouse, the Settlement office, the superintendent’s house and the doctor’s house.

A good day’s sport is expected at the Settlement on the Fourth of July, to consist of athletic exercises and games in the daytime and fireworks in the evening. The good-hearted Honolulu folks will no doubt make timely contributions of money and articles of values for prizes.

[This article followed the illustration by John K. Waiamau posted earlier today.]

(Hawaiian Gazette, 6/17/1904, p. 5)

11th of June

Hawaiian Gazette, Volume XXXIX, Number 49, Page 5. June 17,

Scenes from the Kamehameha Day celebration, 1919.

The picture [on the top] shows the various Hawaiian Societies seated on the Palace Grounds and listening to the speeches of the famous deeds of Kamehameha in his lifetime, and also the songs prepared for the day. The parade of the morning was one of the most beautiful parades seen. The small pictures below show parts of the parade; on the far left is Mrs. Alice Kamokila Macfarlane, the head of the Daughters of Hawaiian Warriors [Ahahui o na Kaikamahine a na Pukaua], along with some of the members. In the middle are the guards of Kamehameha armed with their spears, and on the far right is a picture showing the scene called “Mamalahoa Kanawai.”

[Don’t forget to turn out for or tune into the Kamehameha Parade of 2014!]

(Kuokoa, 6/13/1919, p. 1)

O keia kii he hiona...

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LVII, Helu 24, Aoao 1. Iune 13, 1919.