Jonah Kumalae gets contract to supply 250 ukulele per month, 1915.


From the news heard from San Francisco, the stringed instrument, the ukulele, is greatly desired all over America because thousands of visitors at the exposition at San Francisco saw and heard for themselves the ukulele being played.

Jonah Kumalae earlier had a contract to supply two hundred fifty ukulele a month to a company selling the musical instruments in San Francisco, but now the number has been increased to five hundred ukulele per month.

Because some people really wanted to see an ukulele being played, they requested to be taught to play that stringed instrument, and Kailimai was the one who provided instruction to some people. Continue reading


More on the California Midwinter International Exposition from Bila Kanealii, 1894.

The Midwinter Exposition.

J. S. Keawe, one of our officers in the uplands of Kalihi writes that he received the news below about the Winter Exposition being held, from a letter of March 17th by Bill Kanealii from San Francisco: From amongst the new things at the Fair to be seen by the visitors, there is a huge wheel that is 180 feet tall with 18 boxes all around, with each box holding 10 people. Another is the tower with a very tall steeple 300 feet high. The lake is another thing of high esteem; it is stocked with all sorts of fish, with 100 pipes feeding water into the lake with all kinds of water, so many that the visitor would not be able to count them all. The merry-go-round [melekolauna] (a thing that spins), is a quarter mile long travelling around until reaching the place where it starts from. The Hawaii display is the best of all. There are two days that the proceeds are the highest, that being Saturdays and Sundays, where $1,000 or more is the most and $500 or more is the least.

(Makaainana, 4/2/1894, p. 3)

Ka Hoikeike Hooilo-Kuwaena.

Ka Makaainana, Buke I—-Ano Hou, Helu 14, Aoao 3. Aperila 2, 1894.

Another mele by Emalia Kaihumua, 1894.

Ka Uouo a ka Hawaii

No Auseteralia kahi aloha,
Mokuahi lawe laina o ka hema,
E ka mokuahi aukai o ka hema,
Hoihoi mai oe i kuu aloha,
Ke lohia ia mai la e Kaleponi,
O ka lohe ka Hawaii e ike,
O oe ka’u i ike aku ai,
I ke ku kilakila i ka oneki,
Ekolu ou pule i ka moana,
I ka ha o ka pule eha oe ia’u,
Aole no oe e pakele aku,
I ka wai uouo a ka Hawaii,
Auhea wale oe e kuu aloha,
Malama pono oe i ka’u wahi,
Haina ia mai ka puana,
Aia i Puuhale kuu Emalia.

Emalia Kaihumua.

(Makaainana, 1/8/1894, p. 3)

Ka Uouo a ka Hawaii

Ka Makaainana, Buke I—-Ano Hou, Helu 2, Aoao 3. Ianuari 8, 1894.

Probably the earliest known version of a song well known today, 1894.


He aloha Hawaii moku o Keawe
Aina a ka nani me ka maluhia
Hookuku au me Kaleponi
Hawaii ka oi o na Ailana
Na Ausekulia i kono mai ia’u
E naue i ka aina malihini
Aina kamahao i ka’u ike
Ua uhi paapu ia e ka noe
Ike i ka hau hookuakea i ka ili
Hoopumehana i ke ahi kapuahi
Ka iniki a ke anu me he ipo ala
E koi mai ana ia’u e hoi
Ilaila hoi hope ko’u manao
He kaukani mile ko’u mamao
Hu mai ke aloha no ka aina
No ka poi uouo kaohi puu
Haina ia mai ana ka puana
Ke aloha aina ko’u lei ia

Emalia Kaihumua.

Hale Hoikeike Hawaii. Kapalakiko

[This was written while Emalia Kaihumua was performing at the Hawaiian Exhibit [Hale Hoikeike Hawaii] at the California Midwinter International Exposition held in San Francisco. Looking back at was happening at the time in her homeland while she was “a thousand miles away”, it is very heart wrenching to see the many references to home and returning and finally the haina: “Let the refrain be told, Patriotism is my lei.”]

(Leo o ka Lahui, 4/27/1894, p. 3)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 929, Aoao 3. Aperila 27, 1894.

More on Kaheleiki trial: “Something not to be forgotten.” 1863.

Voyage of the Hawaiian Chiefs to San Francisco.

This past Wednesday morning [4/15/1863], the Honorable C. Gordon Hopkins [Hapakini], John Ii [Ioane Ii], Kaisara Kapaakea [Caesar Kapaakea], and J. Koii Unauna, along with the one who is involved in the dispute for whom they went to testify for, namely Harry Kaheleiki, came to shore riding aboard the ship, Yankee; and we are pleased to report the public that they are in good health.

During the trial of Harry Kaheleiki in San Francisco, there were many witnesses strongly against him; however, with the arrival of the alii mentioned above, there was true testimony in favor of the accused, and the error of those who testified against him was clear. The newspapers of San Francisco were filled with thoughts of appreciation for this Nation sending witnesses at much expense to have one of its citizens wrongly charged in a foreign land set free; according to one of the papers, this is a benevolent act not done by the enlightened Nations of the world, and so the Hawaiian Nation has taken the lead in this fine action. This is truly an act of aloha, and it is something not to be forgotten for all times.

The reason it was heard that a Hawaiian was being imprisoned in San Francisco was because of Doctor Gulick [Gulika], the one who was previously living in the islands of Micronesia, and due to weakening health, arrived in California. While he was in San Francisco several months ago, he heard that there was a Hawaiian man being held in one of the Jails there on the charge of murder; he therefore went quickly to meet with the man, and when he got there, he spoke with the aforementioned Kaheleiki, and though this conversation, it was clear in Doctor Gulick’s mind that the accused was innocent. And because Kaheleiki asked him if they could wait until witnesses were sent for from Hawaii for him, there would be many who would testify that he was innocent of the charges against him. So Doctor Gulick immediately went to the office of the Hawaiian Consul, Mr. Hitchcock [Kanikela Hawaii o Mr. Hikikoki], and told him about the circumstances of Kaheleiki and how he was certain that Kaheleiki was innocent of the charges. When the Hawaiian Consul heard of this, he went at once to meet with the accused, and upon seeing his demeanor and what he had to say, he knew for himself that Kaheleiki was innocent. He then went quickly to see the Judge to ask that the trial of Kaheleiki be postponed until he heard from here; for he had witnesses here for him. And that is how time was given to send his witnesses, and that is how he was freed. And when he sent for witnesses here, along with a letter from Doctor Gulick, and when His Highness L. Kamehameha heard of this, he along with Sheriff W. C. Parke put great effort into finding appropriate witnesses to testify for Kaheleiki, the one who was falsely charged. We are filled with appreciation for the Royal One, His Highness, and the Sheriff.

We must thank Doctor Gulick, and we are truly thankful for him in the name of all who desire that the innocent who are persecuted be freed, and in the name of all who strive to find ways to free the innocent from the hands of those who oppose them, while they live in foreign lands. God shall free the righteous.

[There are countless stories like this in the Hawaiian-Language Newspapers that should be relearned and retold and retold again, so they are not forgotten!]

(Kuokoa, 4/18/1863, p. 3)

Ka Huakai a na 'Lii Hawaii i Kapalakiko.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke II, Helu 16, Aoao 3. Aperila 18, 1863.

More on the Kaheleiki trial, 1863.

This past Tuesday [2/17/1863], the Honorable C. Kapaakea, and  J. Koii, and C. G. Hopkins also went aboard the ship Yankee, to appear in a case raised between the haole and Kaheleiki; the Honorable John Ii also accompanied them to San Francisco, and this paper hopes and prays that the fringes of the winds; the gentle winds of the coconut fronds of Kona take them to their destination, and that they are brought back by the soft puffs of the wind of Sakameka [? Sacramento]; “Pleasant passage,” according to the haole.

(Hoku o ka Pakipika, 2/19/1863, p. 2)

Ma ka poalua iho nei...

Ka Hoku o ka Pakipika, Buke 2, Helu 19, Aoao 2. Feberuari 19, 1863.

Hawaiian with leprosy sent back from California? 1906.


LOS ANGELES, Oct. 4.—The Times Newspaper reported thus:

The sad fate of a woman with leprosy deported secretly from Los Angeles because of an order by the Board of Supervisors [Papa Lunakiai] is what has gotten the heads of the County perturbed. This woman that was sent away is a hapa haole. She arrived with her husband, George Chamberlain, one year ago; her husband left her, and this woman was found with leprosy by the government officials of the County.

She was sent to the hospital and she was kept alone in a laundry room. She was more troubled by being kept in solitary more than by the disease, and she pleaded them to give her a medicine to kill her. This woman’s ailment was something that was problematic for the heads of the County, and so they decided to send Mrs. Chamberlain to Honolulu.

This deportation from the land was kept a strict secret. She was sent blindfolded to San Francisco, where she was to be put aboard a steamship for Honolulu; and that was the last time she was seen, as she stood atop the ship leaving the Golden Gate for Hawaii.

She gave her word that she would present herself to the government officials here when she arrived in her land; however, until this moment, there has been nothing heard from her; and it would seem that Mrs. Chamberlain carried out her thought to die by jumping off the ship into the sea. One thought is that she was murdered when the sailors aboard the ship found out that she was afflicted by leprosy. The town officials said that she escaped, but however they admit that this was done so that the ship company would not find out. They do not want to say what day and the name of the ship which Mrs. Chamberlain was placed upon, because they are afraid of being sued.

(Kuokoa, 10/26/1906, p. 6)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLV, Helu 43, Aoao 6. Okatoba 26, 1906.

Albert Loomens of Wilcox Rebellion sentenced, 1890.

[Found under: “HAWAII NEWS”]

Albert Loomens is being banished, that Belgian who joined the rebellion with Wilcox and party on the 30th of July 1889; and he was tried and sentenced by jury on October of the same year for treason. His sentence was death but this was forgiven by the Privy Council [Ahakukamalu], and the death sentence was reduced to one year of hard labor on the condition that he leave this country at the end of this term. Therefore, on the afternoon of this Tuesday, he was sent aboard the Consuelo for San Francisco.

(Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, 10/18/1890, p. 2)

Ua kipakuia aku nei o Albert Loomens...

Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, Buke XIII, Helu 42, Aoao 2. Okatoba 18, 1890.

Food Exports, 1890.

[Found under: “HAWAII NEWS”]

Hawaii exported to San Francisco in the month of this past August, 1,311,200 pounds of rice at the price of $71,265; and China exported to the same market in that month, 1,977,412 pounds of rice at the price of $35,156.

[What a different world we live in where we import most of our food…]

(Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, 10/18/1890, p. 2)

Ua hoouna aku o Hawaii i Kapalakiko...

Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, Buke XIII, Helu 42, Aoao 2. Okatoba 18, 1890.