Keelikolani’s house and valuables destroyed by fire, 1873.

Destruction by Fire of the Residence of the Governess of Hawaii.

The tedium of this dull town, was relieved a little on last Wednesday night by a rousing fire. About one quarter to eight o’clock, the dwellers on Emma street, and in the immediate neighborhood, were suddenly aroused by the shouts and cries of kanakas, the screams of wahines, and the barking of dogs; and were first led to suppose that a big fight was on hand,—that perhaps the police had mutinied and the rifles were called out; but as each anxious individual peered into the street, they soon discovered by the column of flame that was leaping up into the dark sky, that a conflagration was on hand, and farther observation showed that it was taking place at the town mansion of Her Excellency, R. Keelikolani, the Governess of Hawaii.

The fire evidently had a good start, and as soon as discovered, was beyond the control of blankets or buckets of water; but not beyond the control of a good head of water from a fire plug, if spouting on it there and then. But the hydrant for public safety was not ready till the roaring devourer was licking the roof tree of Ruth. And when it was ready, the quenching stream served only to raise an impotent fizzle of stream. And oh! had the wind been up, and this fire had been in the close built part of the town, then we would have had a dance of destruction, that would have been equal to the cost of forty reservoirs.

But we must not complain, as the Ministers were out to see the fire burn, and lend a hand if needed. Emma street was lively with the jostling of Ministers and milkmen, diplomats and deacons, judges and jews, and editors and elderly ladies. Everybody turned out,—even some of the churches turned out. These were in the midst of the regular Wednesday evening service, when the uproar began. One pastor affected by the outside outcry, and the evident anxiety of his people, “sung it short,” and he and his flock, joined the throng in the street, to see the sight; but another one, while addressing his faithful, although he saw them speak out one by one, until he was left with only two to listen, yet he stood firm like the Roman sentinel at Pompeii, while the sparks of the conflagration were falling in his vestibule, and gave the two faithful witnesses the full benefit without halt or abbreviation of good orthodox sermon.

The cause of the fire is unknown, but as there had been on hand lately, a fierce litigation about this and other property, the circumstances afford occasion for a good deal of suspicion. Much that was curious and valuable in relation to ancient Hawaiian habits and costumes were unfortunately destroyed. There was some of the famed featherwork, worn by the old chiefs, many of the old feather insignia of office, the great kahilis of Hawaiian pageants, shell and hair ornaments, tappas and fine mats, and some royal bones—all of which were a considerable loss, excepting the bones.

The residence as a property, will not be much of a loss to the wealthy Governess of Hawaii. If the trades had been blowing fresh, several houses makai of this building, would have gone with it but as it was dead calm, and a light shower had fallen a few minutes before the fire broke out, it was easy to defend the roofs of neighboring houses.

On account of the absence of mail, we give this long report of an ordinary fire.

(Hoku o Hawaii, 1o/17/1873, p. 3)

Destruction by Fire of the Residence of the Governess of Hawaii.

Nuhou, Volume II, Number 24, Page 3. October 17, 1873.

Birth of Keolaokalani, 1863.


Born on the 30th of December, 1862, was a son by Her Highness R. Keelikolani, at Hale Halaaniani of Maj. W. L. Moehonua. At 4 in the afternoon was the birth; the mother is in fine health without weakness.

The child has been given to Mrs. Bishop (Pauahi) as a hanai, with our hopes that the royal son lives a long life. They are at Haleakala [the residence of the Bishops].

(Hoku o ka Pakipika, 1/1/1863, p. 2)


Ka Hoku o ka Pakipika, Buke 2, Helu 12, Aoao 2. Ianuari 1, 1863.

Criticism on the purchase of Keoua Hale, 1895.

The stupidity of the Board of Education has been made clear. The Legislature has not approved the money to purchase Kaakopua and Keoua Hale. This is a huge sum of money, and it is better if they purchased some other land and built buildings for the high school, and not that beautiful house which will cost a lot to clean it up, as a place for a few people to live haughtily and snobbily off the money of the Government. It is true!

(Makaainana, 8/12/1895, p. 8)

Ua akaka loa aenei hoi ka hupo...

Ka Makaainana, Buke IV—-Ano Hou, Helu 7, Aoao 8. Augate 12, 1895.

Keoua Hale furnishings put on auction, 1895.

[Found under: “KELA A ME KEIA.”]

Keoua Hale was crowded this past Tuesday with people going to see the auction of the furniture of Bishop. The bed of Keelikolani went for $200.

[At the death of Keelikolani, Keoua Hale became the residence of Bernice Pauahi and Charles Reed Bishop. I wonder what became of this bed.]

(Makaainana, 3/18/1895, p. 8)

Laukanaka o Keoua Hale...

Ka Makaainana, Buke III—-Ano Hou, Helu 2, Aoao 8. Maraki 18, 1895.

Keoua Hale becomes Honolulu High School, 1895.

Honolulu High School [Kula Kiekie o Honolulu].

The illustration above is of the beautiful house of Princess R. Keelikolani, standing in Honolulu, and called Keoua Hale. It is said that when many drawings of houses were placed before the alii for her to choose from, she looked through the many and chose the drawing of this house and instructed the artist, “build me a house like that.” Therefore, a house like the one in the picture was constructed to completion which now stands proudly, the building which graces that portion of Honolulu on Emma Street on the land of Kaakopua. Continue reading

Mele inoa for Keelikolani Muolaulani, 1863.


1 He anana’la i ka loa o Alakai,
Ke kuhi la he koke aku o Maunahina,
He liuliu Waialeale na ke a—nui,
He anu ka ka nahele o Aipo,
O ke kupilikii aku ia hina i Maunahina—,
Hina i ka hoona rama a ke aloha,
I ka ae hakoko a ka manao,
E pilia la i ka moe he kanaka—i—a,
He kanaka ia ua helu ia ka malama,
Hana ia iho i mio kou aloha—e—a.

Na Lilipi. Continue reading

Birthday of Princess Keelikolani, 1882.


It became an unforgettable day for the many who gathered at Kaakopua in Honolulu nei, on this past Thursday, February 9, 1882, those being the people who were sent an invitation, and not only people of Honolulu, but from all over the Archipelago; they totaled more than a thousand and went to express their congratulations to and beloved prayers for her highness turning sixty-three years from when she was born, for she was born on the 9th of February of the year 1818, and so she has indeed reached an old age, and she is the very last descendent of the Kamehamehas still living. Continue reading

Words of praise for C. R. Bishop on today, his birthday, 1896.



There are many kinds of memorials [kia hoomanao] to remember people by. A person is remembered for his deeds, in memorials built as pillars and monuments, in reminiscences, and preserved in the hearts of the many. Famous deeds of people are remembered with aloha for the good, and with scorn for the bad.

Queen Liliuokalani’s beloved efforts stand today as the Hui Hoonaauao i na Opio [Liliuokalani Educational Society].

The epitome of great deeds of these past days was done by a haole who lived here as a malihini and married one of the Princesses amongst the royal youth. Charles R. Bishop built the Kamehameha Schools, the memorial for his wife, the Alii Pauahi Bishop; and by this act of commemoration, a memorial now stands for all of the Kamehamehas, and it is impossible to forget their name.

 In the days when this haole friend was living here in Hawaii, he was often criticized for his stinginess and defiance by Hawaiian and haole alike, but he paid no care to this criticism. He continued with his work, ate healthily, [illegible digital image], until he was a rich man; but in all the criticism for him, there is no way that it could be said that he was a scoundrel or that he cheated someone; and this says a lot for his uprighteousness.

Likewise with his charity work, he acted with maturity and kindness without end in his steadfast support for the benefit of this lahui. In giving, he was not frivolous in his giving, but gave wisely. He donated hundreds of thousands of dollars to the Punahou College and to the Kamehameha Schools, from his own estate and from that of his wife’s; and from his own, also benefited were the Boarding School for  Boys and Girls. How wondrous is God in his passing down the great entire wealth of the Kamehamehas from one to another until it all came down to Keelikolani and then to Pauahi, the grandchildren of the first born of Kamehameha Nai Aupuni; and it was the last of the two, the one most knowledgeable of them all, as measured by their final deeds, which she created with her husband as a memorial for all of the Kamehamehas. This man was of a great mind in his carrying out meticulously this work which he and his wife discussed between themselves, without misappropriating a single parcel of land included in the estate of his wife, but instead he was conscientious and included his own estate. When put together with all the other beloved deeds by everyone in Hawaii nei, this is measured as the most wise of them all, the height and breadth of its foundation will go on and bear forth much benefits for this lahui. There is but yet one thing to complete and to perfect the building of this memorial to the Kamehamehas, that being the righteousness of God’s words, the basis upon which the good and the blessings of the lahui will continue.

But Bishop’s help for our people is not done in his continued assistance to the memorial to the Kamehamehas and their foster children [keiki hookama] in the covenant of marriage of Charles R. Bishop.

¹The first paragraph was left out because it was somewhat irrelevant to this particular post, and was commentary on J. Kekipi and the Christian Science [Hoomana Karistiano Naauao] faith.

(Oiaio, 2/21/1896, p. 2)


Ka Oiaio Puka La, Buke I, Helu 37, Aoao 2. Feberuari 21, 1896.

A public event at Hanaiakamalama, 2013.

Day at Queen Emma Summer Palace

Although the party held 89 years ago was only open to the members of the Daughters of Hawaii, the event this Saturday, October 5, 2013, is open to one and all. Queen Emma Summer Palace is under the care of the Daughters of Hawaii. It seems like it will be a great event with proceeds going to the organization. Let’s give them support for their care of this historic home of Ke Alii Kaleleonalani as well as Hulihee Palace in Kona!!

Check out our various posts on the Daughters of Hawaii!]

Day at Queen Emma Summer Palace

Day at Queen Emma Summer Palace

The first Kamehameha Day out in the country, continued, continued, 1872.

At Kailua, Kona.

“Here is what is new here in the land of calm. The day of Kamehameha I was celebrated grandly in Kailua; this is the biggest day I’ve witnessed. The chiefess [probably Keelikolani, governess of Hawaii Island], prepared for the activities of the day as she saw fit. The grounds of Hulihee was filled with old men and women, and the sands were packed with visitors; and this is what was reenacted from the times of Kamehameha I:

The women wore white, with lei of whale ivory [palaoa] around their necks, and bracelets of palaoa on their wrists. There were two torches lit at 12 midnight and taken to where his body lay; and there they stood until daylight, until the procession began over the sands of Niumalu until where his body was placed; there were two torches of Hopili and Makainai who carried them before the procession, and following was the chiefess, and so forth. Makanoanoa gave a speech and after it was over, the procession returned to the lanai, and Makanoanoa spoke again assisted by Hopili. The chiefess was the last to speak.”

[This is the last part of the article describing the celebration of the first Kamehameha Day in Lahaina, Wailuku, and Kailua in Kona.]