Memorial of the Hawaiian People, 1893.



Hawaiian Natives.

A Committee of 5 members was chosen to take the Petition [Memoriala] of the Hawaiian People which was unanimously passed by the Delegates sent by all of the Districts from all over the Archipelago to the Convention of Delegates, before the Honorable James H. Blount, by the Hawaiian Patriotic League [Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina]; and it was divided thusly, with one member from each Island, like this.


John Richardson     Island of Maui.

S. H. K. Ne     ″ Hawaii.

J. K. Kaiheopulani     ″ Molokai.

Ben Naukana     ″ Oahu.

J. A. Akina     ″ Kauai.

John Richardson was the Chairman [Lunahoomalu] of the Committee. It was exactly at 3 o’clock when it was first announced that the Committee arrived; they were cordially welcomed and the petition of the Lahui was read and it was left with the Honorable James H. Blount. The Commissioner conversed briefly with the Representatives, and at their leave, they expressed their appreciation for their treatment; and that the conversation between the commissioner and the committee was congenial.

Memorial of the Hawaiian People to the American People.

Whereas his Excellency [ka Mea Mahaloia] Grover Cleveland, President of the United States of America, has honored the Hawaiian Nation by sending to us the Hon. James H. Blount as a Special Commissioner [Komisina Wae], to find out the true wishes of the Hawaiian People as to the proposed annexation of their country to their great friend the United States, therefore;

We, the people of the Hawaiian Islands, through the delegates of the branches of the Hawaiian Patriotic League [Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina] of all the districts throughout the kingdom, in convention assembled, take this mode of submitting our appeal and expression of our unanimous wishes to the people of our great and good friend, the Republic of the United States of America, with whom we always entertained the most cordial relations, whom we have learned to look upon as our patrons and most reliable protectors, and whose honor, integrity, and sense of justice and equity we have ever confidently relied for investigation into the grievous wrongs that have been committed against us as a people, against the person of our sovereign, and the independence of our land.

And While we are anxious to promote the closest and most intimate political and commercial relations with the United States, we do not believe that the time has yet come for us to be deprived of our nationality and of our sovereign by annexation to any foreign power.

And Therefore we do hereby earnestly and sincerely pray that the great wrongs committed against us may be righted by the restoration of the independent autonomy and constitutional government of our Kingdom under our beloved Queen Liliuokalani, in whom we have the utmost confidence as a conscientious and popular ruler.¹


North Hilo—D. Hoakimoa

Central Hilo—K. M. Koahou

Hilo Town—Henry West

Puna—S. T. Piihonua

North Kona ————

″     ″—W. E. N. Kanealii

South Kona—C. G. Naope

North Kohala—S. H. K. Ne

Hamakua—J. H. Halawale


Lahaina—R. H. Makekau

Waihee—J. K. Kealoalii

South Wailuku—W. B. Keanu

North Wailuku—Thomas Clark

″     ″—T. B. Lyons

″     ″—D. Kanuha

″     ″—J. Richardson

Makawao—J. Kaluna

″    —J. Kamakele

Honuaula—S. D. Kapono jr.

Hana—S. W. Kaai


Kaunakakai—J. N. Uahinui

Pelekunu—D. Himeni


Ualapue—J. K. Kaiheopulani

Kalaupapa—S. K. Kahalehulu

Halawa—A. P. Kapaehaole

Kainalu—S. K. Piiapoo


District One—F. S. Keiki

″ Two—Charles Keawe

″ Three—J. K. Prendergast

″ Four—E. Johnson

″ Five—S. K. Pua

Ewa—J. K. Kauku

″     —D. W. Keliiokamoku

Waianae—S. W. Kailieha

Waialua—Bejamin Naukana

Waimanalo—J. Kimo


Hanalei—Charles Kahee

Kilauea—George W. Mahikoa

Hanapepe—D. W. Kamaliikane

Waimea—J. A. Akina

Wainiha—S. K. Kaleikini

Waioli—J. Molokai

Joseph Nawahi,


J. K. Kaulia


[See also mention of a picture taken of the committee that took the Memoriala to Blount from an earlier post here.]

¹Taken from p. 504 of the Blount Report.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 5/3/1893, p. 2)

MEMORIALA A KA Lahui Hawaii.

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 697, Aoao 2. Mei 3, 1893.

A mele for the pāʻū of the Queen, 1893.


(Composed by the Hon. J. M. Kauwila, and copied for Ka Leo o ka Lahui and Ka Oiaio by the Aloha Aina Representative of Puna, Hawaii.)

S. T. Piihonua.

1st.  Ka pa-u lau lehua o Liliuokalani
Ka Akea [? Akoa] ka Mamo ke Kaunaoa e
I lawe’a mai e ka makani moani
Ua hoomau i ke ala ko Hilo kini e

Hui.  Kakua o Liliu i ka pa-u wai palupalu
Kikahakaha lau i ke one o Hanakahi
Ka pa-u muo kuku ia e Hinaakeahi
Hoopulu elo ia e Kauakanilehua

2nd.  Ka pa-u lau hinano iluna o ka hala
I kapalapala ia e ke ala o Puna
I hoolulu loea ia e Nuakele e
A oki ka pa-u puolo wai a ka ua

3rd.  Ka pa-u lau olapa iluna o ka laau
Olapa ka pa-u o Liliu nei ka pihe
Nakolokolo lua nakolo i na moku
Ka mahalo i ka nani o ka pa-u o Kalani.

(Leo o ka Lahui, 5/8/1893, p. 3)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 700, Aoao 3. Mei 8, 1893.

Woman’s Hawaiian Patriotic League members, 1893.

Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina of the Ladies.

The Officers of the Association.

Mrs. F. W. Macfarlane (Emalia Makapolena), President; Mrs. James Campbell (Kuaihelani), and Mrs. C. O. Berger, Vice Presidents; Mrs. J. P. Kahalewai (Kaluimaemae), Secretary; Mrs. W. M. Giffard, Treasurer.


The Ladies:—

Mele Poka [Mary Foster], wife of T. R. Foster

Kahalewai Kamaki ” ” Keoni Kamaki [John A. Cummins]

Kulamanu Alani ” ” Samuel Alani [Samuel Allen]

Kekaaniau Palaika ” ” F. S. Pratt

Kahalelaukoa Baraunu ” ” C. A. Brown

Honorary Vice Secretary Vitoria Ward [Victoria Ward]

Executive Committee.

The Ladies:—

Emalia Makapolena, Aima Nawahi, Kahuila Wilikoki, Lilia Aholo, Mere Gay, Kieke Kaae, Haliaka Hairama, Meleana Lemona, A. A. Haalelea, C. O. Berger, Lala Mahelona, Leihulu Keohokalole, Marie Kahai, Mine Alderlich.

Finance Committee.

Kema Meekapu, Kini Have, Fane Norrie, Lahilahi Webb, Amelia Joy, Makanoe Kaaepa, Lize Doiron [Lizzie Doiron], C. Sharatt, Malupo, and Lokalia Holo.

The reason that we printed the names of the Ladies above by their Hawaiian names is so that those who don’t know English will clearly know the Officers of this Organization of you, the weaker sex. The Leo o ka Lahui ask the Heavenly powers to be with you all. Your weaknesses will be strengthened through him, and you will be adorned with the Lei of Victory.

This is an great and admirable effort to be participated in by every Hawaiian woman, and an amazing thing to include into the history of this Aina, and amongst the famous history of the Entire World.

All Ladies with truly patriotic hearts are invited to come to the meeting this evening (Wednesday) at Ariona Hale.

Onwards O True Hawaiian Mothers and let the Independence of your Aina be restored, which you will pass down to your children, and their offspring after them. And let the beautiful Flag of Hawaii always wave.

“Long live Hawaii in God.”

(Leo o ka Lahui, 3/30/1893, p. 3)

Ka Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina a na Lede

Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 673, Aoao 3. Maraki 30, 1893.

Kaulia’s invitation to Morgan, 1897.



Says His People are Anxious to Learn From the Veteran Senator What Annexation Would Mean to Them.

Senator Morgan has accepted the invitation of the native Hawaiians to address them in public meeting upon the political relations between Hawaii and the United States.

Among the signers of the invitation is James K. Kaulia, president of the Hawaiian Patriotic League and president of the Aloha Aina Society. Mr. Kaulia is bitterly opposed to annexation and he is at the head of the opposition among his own countrymen. It was Mr. Kaulia who was largely instrumental in getting a few Hawaiians to gather in an abortive mass meeting at the Union Square last month, and adopt the resolutions protesting against annexation which Mr. Kaulia afterwards at the head of a committee of fifteen presented to President Dole and his Cabinet.

Mr. Kaulia states that he as well as the members of the societies he represents are anxious to hear Senator Morgan and they are truly grateful to him that he has consented to speak.

The invitation sent to the Senator, as well as the signers, is a follows:

“Honolulu, Sept. 24, 1897.

“To Senator John T. Morgan, City:

“We the undersigned native Hawaiians desire very much to hear you in an address upon the political relations between Hawaii and the United States and particularly desire your views as to the condition of the native Hawaiians and the position they would occupy under closer political relations with the United States.

“We therefore invite you to deliver a public address to the Hawaiians in this city at your convenience upon the above subjects, and if you accept, will make all necessary provisions for the holding of the meeting.

“Yours very respectfully,

“President Hawaiian Patriotic League and President Aloha Aina Society.

The meeting will be held on Thursday evening, at the Opera House, and Senator Morgan states that he will treat the question to the best of his ability.

(Hawaiian Star, 9/28/1897, p. 1)


The Hawaiian Star, Volume IV, Number 1386, Page 1. September 28, 1897.

More on Kaulia and Morgan, 1897.


Kaulia Censured for Signing the Request to Senator Morgan.

This will certify that Mr. James K. Kaulia, as President of the Hawaiian Patriotic League, had no authority to sign the invitation to the Hon. John T. Morgan to address Hawaiians on the subject of Annexation. The signature of Mr. Kaulia is his personal matter, not as President of our Association.

J. K. Kaunamano,
James L. Aholo,
M. Palau,
E. W. Palau,
S. K. Kaloa,
D. W. Kamaliikane,
G. W. Kualaku,
S. W. Kawelo,
E. K. Lilikalani.

Executive Committee.

(Independent, 9/29/1897, p. 2)


The Independent, Volume V, Number 701, Page 2. September 29, 1897.

Constitution of the Hawaiian Patriotic League, in English, 1893.



Whereas vital changes in our Country have taken place, which may affect its Independence and the Civil Rights of its Subjects and Citizens, thereby rendering indispensable a compact and zealous Union between all men who love the Country, irrespective of Party or creed.

Therefore, Resolved that We, the patriotic, peaceful and loyal Subjects and Citizens of Hawaii nei, for the purpose of peaceably guarding our Civil Rights, do hereby form ourselves into a League, under the following Constitution:


Article 1—The name of this Association shall be the HAWAIIAN PATRIOTIC LEAGUE (Ka Hui Hawaii Aloha AIna).


Article 2—The object of this Association is to preserve and maintain, by all legal and peaceful means and measures, the Independent Autonomy of the Islands of Hawaii nei; and, if the preservation of our Independence be rendered impossible, our object shall then be to exert all peaceful and legal efforts to secure for the Hawaiian People and Citizens the continuance of their Civil Rights.


Article 3—The League shall consist of one Central Body in Honolulu, with Branches in the various Districts of the other Islands.


Article 4—(A) All the Natives of this Country, over 20 years of age, who are willing to pledge themselves to the objects of this League, are eligible for membership thereof and may become members by signing this Constitution.

(B) All foreigners, at present enjoying or entitled to Civil Rights in this country, and in sympathy with the objects of this Association and willing to pledge themselves to it, by signing the Constitution, may be admitted as Honorary Members.


Article 5—The Central Body of the Patriotic League shall rule over all the District Branches , and shall be conducted by the following officers:

1. Honorary President,

1. President,

2. Vice-Presidents,

1. Secretary,

1. Treasurer,

And 13 Councillors who together, shall constitute an Executive Council of 19 members. All these Officers must be native Hawaiians and must be elected by Ballot, for such term of office, as may be provided in the by-laws of the League or Council.

The District Branches shall elect their Chairman, Vice-Chairman, Secretary and Treasurer, and shall appoint one Delegate to represent them before the Central Body in Honolulu, which Delegate shall have a right to attend the meeting of the Executive Council and of the League.


Article 6—Foreign Members shall be elected by the Executive Council, to the following honorary offices: 1 Honorary President, 2 Honorary Vice-Presidents, 2 Honorary Secretaries, and 7 Honorary Councillors, or more, as may hereafter be determined by the League. These Honorary Officers shall constitute and Advisory Council who shall sit and vote with the Executive Council.


Article 7—The duties of the various officers shall be those pertaining to the respective offices, as is usual in all similar organizations, and shall be more expressly defined in such by-laws as may be hereafter adopted by the Executive Council.


Article 8—Meetings of the League shall be called by the President, at the request of the Executive Council or of any other ten members;

Meetings of the Executive Council shall be called by the President at the request of any three members of said Council;

All proceeding s of meetings of the League and of the Executive Council shall be governed by the usual decorum and rules of Parliamentary Usage.


Article 9—Any member of the League or of its Executive Council, who may commit an act violating the spirit and purposes of this League may be summoned before the Executive Council, and upon conviction by them, be expelled from the League.


Article 10—All amendments or additions to the present Constitution must be approved by a general meeting of the League.

Adopted, Honolulu, this 4th day of March, 1893.

[See the Hawaiian-Language Constitution here!]

(Leo o ka Lahui, 3/22/1893, p. 3)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 667, Aoao 3. Maraki 22, 1893.

Constitution of the Hawaiian Patriotic League, in Hawaiian, 1893.



Oiai ua ike ia ae nei ka loli ano nui ana o ko kakou aina, he mea hoi e manaoia ai, e hoopilikia ia ana kona Kuokoa ame na Pono Kivila o kona mau Makaainana, a me na Kupa, a no ia mea, he mea pono e kukuluia ona Hui manao lokahi a makaala mawaena o na kanaka a pau e aloha ana i ka Aina, me ka nana ole i ka Aoao Kalaiaina, a Manaoio Hoomana paha. Nolaila:

E hooholoia. O makou o na makaainana kupaa a me na Kupa Aloha Aina a makee maluhia hoi o Hawaii nei, no ke kiai makaala ana i ko makou mau Pono Kivila, ma keia, ke hoohui nei makou ia makou iho ma kekahi Ahahui, malalo o ke Kumukanawai mahope ae nei. penei:


Pauku 1—O ka inoa o keia Ahahui, oia “Ka Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina.”


Pauku 2—O ka hana a keia Ahahui oia ka malama ana a me ke kakoo ana, ma na keehina hana maluhia a kue kanawai ole, i ke kulana Kuokoa o na Pae Aina o Hawaii, a ina he mea hiki ole ke malamaia ko lakou Kuokoa, alaila, o ka kakou hana oia ka hooikaika ana i na hana kue ole i ke kanawai a me ka maluhia e hoomau ia ai ka Pono Kivila o na kanaka Hawaii a me na Kupa makaainana.


Pauku 3—Aia iloko o keia Ahahui e kukulu ia he hookahi Hui Nui ma Honolulu i kapa ia “Ka Hui Kuwaena,” [Central Body] a mai loko aku ona e kukulu ia ai i ma Ahahui lala ma na Apana Koho o na Mokupuni.


Pauku 4—[A] O na Lala o keia Ahahui, oia na kanaka Hawaii maoli o keia aina, he 20 makahiki a oi aku i makemake e hoopaa ia lakou iho maloko o na kumuhana o keia Ahahui, ua kupono ia e lilo i mau hoa, a lilo hoi i mau lala mamuli nae o ke kakau inoa ana malalo o keia Kumukanawai.

[B] O na kanaka a pau o na Aina e, e noho nei i keia wa he mau Pono Kivila ko lakou iloko o keia aina a i lokahi pu hoi, na manao e kakoo i na kumuhana a keia Hui, a i makemake e hoopaa ia lakou iho no ua Hui la, ma ke kakau inoa ana malalo o keia Kumukanawai, e lilo no lakou i mau hoa Hanohano (Lala) no keia Ahahui.


Pauku 5—O ka Hui Nui Kuwaena [Central Body] o “Ka Hui Hawaii Aloha Aina” oia ke noho mana maluna o na Ahahui lala o kela a me keia apana koho, a e lawelawe ia ana e na Luna Nui malalo iho nei, penei:

1—Peresidena Hanohano, 1—Peresidena, 2—Hope Peresidena, 1—Kakauolelo, 1—Puuku a me 13 mau Hoa Kuka, a o lakou a pau, oia ka Aha Hooko o 19 lala. O keia mau luna a pau he poe kanaka Hawaii maoli, a e koho ia lakou ma ka Balota, no ka manawa a e hoakakaia e na Rula o keia Ahahui.

E koho no na Ahahui Lala o na apana koho i ko lakou Lunahoomalu, Hope Lunahoomalu; Kakauolelo a me ka Puuku, a e koho i hookahi Elele i wahaolelo no lakou e hele mai ai imua o ka Ahahui Nui (Hui Kuikawa) ma Honolulu, a ua loaa i ua Elele la ke kuleana e hele ai ma na halawai o ka Aha Hooko a me na halawai o ka Ahahui.


Pauku 6. O na kanaka o na Aina E, e lilo ana i mau lala, e kohoia lakou e ka Aha Hooko no na kulana hanohano e like me keia:

1. Peresidena Hanohano

2. Hope Peresidena Hanohano

2. Kakauolelo Hanohano

7. Hoa Kuka Hanohano, a oi aku paha e like me ka mea e hooholoia ana e ka Hui ma keia hope aku;

O keia mau Luna Hanohano oia ka Aha Kuka [Advisory Council] e noho pu a e koho me ka Aha Hooko.


Pauku 7. O na hana a na Luna Nui, ua like no ia me na hana maa mau e pili ana ina Hui e ae e like me keia ano Ahahui, a e hoakaka pono ia ana hoi ma na rula e aponoia ana ma keia hope aku e ka Aha Hooko.


Pauku 8. Na halawai o ka Hui e kahea ia no ia e ka Peresidena, ma ke kauoha a ka Aha Hooko, a o kekahi mau Hoa paha he 10;

E kaheaia na halawai a ka Aha Hooko e ka Peresidena ma ke noi a kekahi mau hoa 3, o ua Aha Hooko la;

O na hana o na halawai a pau o ka Hui a me ka Aha Hooko e alakai ia no ia e na rula o na anaina maikai, a me na rula maa mau o na Ahaolelo.


Pauku 9. O kela a me keia hoa o ka Hui a o ka Aha Hooko paha, e hana ana i kekahi hana e kue ana i ka manao a me na hana a keia Ahahui, e kauohaia no ia e ku imua o ka Aha Hooko, a ina ahewa lakou iaia, e kipakuia no oia ma ka Hui aku.


Pauku 10. O na hoololi a me na pakui ana mai i keia Kumukanawai, e  hana wale ia no ia ma ka hooholo ana a na halawai mau o ka Hui.

Aponoia ma Honolulu, i keia la 4 o Maraki, 1893.

Peresidena Hanohano  J. A. Cummins

Peresidena  J. Nawahi

Hope Peresidena  J. K. Kaunamano

” ”  J. W. Pipikane

[See the English-language version here.]

(Leo o ka Lahui, 3/22/1893, p. 3)


Ka Leo o ka Lahui, Buke II, Helu 667, Aoao 3. Maraki 22, 1893.

More donations for the anti-annexation petitions committee, 1898.


Honolulu, Feb. 26, 1898.

I have Six dollars and sixty cents ($6.60) for the well-being of the Representatives of the nation, from J. D. B. Kuakahela from the Pres. of the Members of the Patriotic League of Hoopuloa, South Kona, Island of Hawaii; it was sent along with a list of names of the Patriots who donated the money, and we are publishing it in the newspaper Loea Kalaiaina. Thank you very much to you all.

J. K. Kaunamano

Vice President,

Enoch Johnson

Head Secretary.


J. D. B. Kuakahela, 50 ”

Kapapa, 25 ”

Sela, 25 ”

D. S. Kaui, 25 ”

Kukana, 25 ”

Makaula, 25 ”

Samuela, 25 ”

Mia, 25 ”

Keao, 10 ”

Waiwaiole, 25 ”

Gomaka, 25 ”

Peniamina, 25 ”

Kekao, 25 ”

A. L. Kapawai, 50 ”

Kaiwakapu, 25 ”

Mahoe, 25 ”

Kaanaana, 50 ”

Annie, 25 ”

D. W. Pohina, 50 ”

Kema Puako, 25 ”

Ai Pake, 50 ”

Pauila, 50 ”

Total, $6.60

J. D. B. Kuakahela


(Loea Kalaiaina, 3/21/1898, p. 3)


Ka Loea Kalaiaina, Buke II, Helu 12, Aoao 3. Maraki 21, 1898.

Anti-Annexation Petitions, 1897.


The people who have yet to sign their names on the documents of the Signature Committee are requested to please go and sign their names at the Office of the President, James K. Kaulia, atop the stone building at the corner of Nuuanu and Queen Streets, everyday except Sundays.

Enoch Johnson,

Secretary of the Hawaiian Patriotic League.

(Aloha Aina, 11/6/1897, p. 5)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke III, Helu 45, Aoao 5. Novemaba 6, 1897.

Excerpts of “Strangling Hands…” appearing in the Hawaiian-Language Newspaper. 1897.


[This article is taken from the famed “Strangling Hands upon a Nation’s Throat” article by Miriam Michelson, which appears in the San Francisco Call, 9/30/1897, pp. 1–3. The introductory paragraphs go:]

For the benefit of our readers, we are taking some ideas printed in the newspaper San Francisco Call, written by the pen of Miss Miriam Michelson, on the deck of the ship, Australia, on the 22nd of September.

Remember that this woman newspaper reporter was the woman reporter present at the meeting of the Patriotic League of Hilo held at the meeting house of the Salvation Army in Hilo Town, and this is what she reported: . . .

(Aloha Aina, 10/16/1897, pp. 6 & 7.)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke III, Helu 42, Aoao 6. Okatoba 16, 1897.

Mai ka aoao eono mai.

Ke Aloha Aina, Buke III, Helu 42, Aoao 7. Okatoba 16, 1897.