More on prolific Charles Furneaux, 1881.

Mr. Furneaux’s Paintings.

A very interesting series of oil paintings by Mr. Furneaux is to be seen in the tower room of the Government Building [Aliiolani Hale]. These are chiefly sketches of the volcanic phenomena which have been displayed on Hawaii since November last. Having been on the spot from the beginning of the eruption, and taking a great interest in it, Mr. Furneaux has been able to secure illustrations of all its phases during the progress of the flow, from its source to the immediate proximity of the sea. The first of the series is a view taken from Kawaihae, in November last, after the flow had divided into two or more streams; one the Kau stream, which, after threatening the Kapapala Plantation, has long since ceased to flow; another the flow towards the plateau between Maunaloa and Maunakea, which, after many windings and doublings, is now threatening the town and harbor of Hilo. The next view was taken from Hilo Bay, and shows the three streams which were so conspicuous on the face of the mountain in November last. Immediately after his arrival Mr. Furneaux paid a visit to the crater of eruption, which is situated at an elevation of about 12,000 feet, or about 2,000 feet below the summit of the mountain. Three of the paintings depict this crater, one being from a point which gives a view of its interior. Another picture gives a near view of the blow-hole, or secondary crater, from which a discharge of lava was noticed on December 3rd. The next group of paintings gives us vivid illustrations of the conditions of things near Hilo in April and May last. In the former month Mr. Furneaux obtained a fine view of the main flow, as it appeared in the woods about eight miles from Hilo, at the time when its whole width of two to two and a half miles was in a molten and very active state, just at a point where the Puna, Waiakea and Hilo flows were being separately developed from it. In this picture we have a fine illustration of the “volcano cloud” with its deep red tinge looking more fiery than the very lava whose glow it reflects. The next of the series shows the curious phenomena of a waterspout on the lava flow, a sight frequently witnessed when the front face of the stream was lingering in the woods. Another picture also taken in April at the same distance from Hilo, shows the black and broken surface of the flow of 1856 and this new and greater flow creeping up to and over it. The next series of sketches were of the Waiakea flow taken two months before the sudden outburst by which it has threatened the sugar mill. One is of the artist’s camp in a dense growth of ohias, tree-ferns and wild bananas close to the edge of the flow. Another sketch from the tent door pictures some bananas, ferns and creepers with the red glare from the lava as a background. A third is a daylight view of the flow showing the havoc made in the lovely forest thus cruelly invaded. This sketch was taken when one tall ohia remained still erect with lava all round it. John Hall, whose place has since been destroyed, was Mr. Furneaux’s guide, and the latter made a sketch of his house before its fate was anticipated. This view was taken in May; a companion picture shows everything overwhelmed except a tree and part of the fence, with an extraordinary pit in the foreground, revealing the liquid lava flowing beneath the cooled crust. Later in May Mr. Furneaux paid a visit to what is known as the Hilo flow. Among the group of sketches then taken is one of the advanced part of the flow, with a group of Hawaiians getting specimens in the foreground; a sketch of Hale Laumaia, with the volcanic cloud hanging over the wooded scenery of the background; a sketch of the flow at the moment of one of the gas explosions, which are common when the lava is passing over the surface of previous flows, and penetrating into the caverns which about in the dead lava. Then comes a sketch in which we have a cascade of lava falling over a ledge of bare rock, and by way of contrast to its lurid fire, the flame of burning timber and undergrowth on the right hand of the picture. Following this series is a picture of the Waiakea flow as seen from a distance before its sudden advance; also a sketch of H. H. Ruth Keelikolani’s place, where that flow will probably reach the sea. The last group are from sketches taken late in July, after the Waiakea flow had pushed forward with so much violence. One of John Hall’s property has already been alluded to; another shows the lava flowing over a precipice about 60 feet wide, and 14 or 15 feet high, into a great pool of water—a scene already familiar to us through Mr. Dickson’s photographs; and a third shows the Waiakea mill, and the position of the flow on 25th July, with the intervening land. One interesting picture shows the way in which the lava at times pushes its way forward, throwing out snake-like tongues of fire from the black front of the stream.

Besides these paintings, there are some pictures of Halemaumau, and some views of forest and mountain scenery. Mr. Furneaux has also a number of other pictures, which he has not at present opened out for the public view, as he intends to return at once to Hilo to increase his store of sketches, and to catch, if possible, the lava stream in the very act of precipitating itself into the sea.

(Pacific Commercial Advertiser, 8/13/1881, p. 3)

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The Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Volume XXVI, Number 7, Page 3. August 13, 1881.

A timely mele, 1919.

HE MELE OLIOLI.

Mo’a Unounoo Puna i ke akua wahine,
Mo’a ma-kaali ka ohia o Moeawakea;
Ke nana aku ia Halaaniani,
Lohe mai ka papa ale ka pahoehoe;
Opiopi i ka la o Kukalaula,
Ke hele la i ka nahele o Maukele a!
Pakele ke aloha mai loaa i ka moe,
Aaohe wa, a ua hiki mai oe;
O ka hala ana aku la no ia o ke aloha,
Hala ke aloha naue pu no me ka anoai e!
Ilaila, ilaila wale iho la no a wali ke kino,
Wali wale iho no i ka manao a loko a!
E, he-a hoi mai hoi e!

(Kuokoa, 6/6/1919, p. 3)

HE MELE OLIOLI.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LVII, Helu 23, Aoao 3. Iune 6, 1919.

Storied places of Kiholo and Luahine Wai, 1923.

THE PLEASURES OF TIME

Luahine Wai

It is a big pool close to Kiholo and Laemano. It is a famed bathing spot for the alii of old. Its waters are numbing, and it is said that one cannot swim its circumference because it is cold like ice water.

It is said that within this pond is a hole where you enter into a hidden cave where the bones of the old chiefs are laid. It is said that Kamehameha’s bones are there as well. As for the truth of it all, it is not certain, until some living person enters this hidden cave; then there will be a witness to verify what is in this cave.

This pond is about 5 fathoms deep at its deepest, which is at its center, where it is very cold. And if you dive to the bottom, you will soon feel your body grow cold, and you won’t be able to stay there long. You will shoot up and swim for the edge.

A person that dives down to that deep area will turn red, like the red of coral [? puko’a] Continue reading

Paaiea Pond, part 4 and final, from the pen of J. W. H. Isaac Kihe, 1914.

SOME STORIED LANDS OF KONA

Written for the Hoku o Hawaii by ka Ohu Haaheo i na Kuahiwi Ekolu¹

PAAIEA POND

Meeting with Kolomu’o and Pahinahina.

When the flames subsided, the fire disappeared, and this is why it was assumed it was the fire of the Uau Bird Catchers in the Mountains.

In the middle of that night, the lava emerged and flowed like water below a crater on the side of a peak called Kileo, and it is black, shiny pahoehoe that remains there to this day. And from there the lava dove down and resurfaced makai side and several deep fissures cracked open and remain near the village that Mr. Maguire lives at.

The lava dropped down again and on the makai side of the old road there opened up a small furrow six (6) feet wide, and from here the lava began to flow and overran everything before it.

Villages were destroyed and some people died as victims to the wrath of the Goddess of the crater, because of the denial of Pele by that Konohiki [Kepaalani] which the Alii [Kamehameha I] stationed to oversee all of his wealth. And when the Konohiki saw the lava burning everything and turning into pahoehoe and gorging away, he finally realized that the old lady was Pele that appeared before him asking for fish, palu, and then shrimp, and he regretted this filled with dread and great fear. Continue reading

Pele makes appearance atop Mokuaweoweo, 1914.

FIRES BURN ABOVE MOKUAWEOWEO

On the evening of Wednesday the burning of lava above the crater of Mokuaweoweo was clearly known. At the arrival of the steamship Mauna Kea in the port of Awapaakai on Maui, on the Wednesday eve, the glow of fire atop Mauna Loa was witnessed by her passengers, and the fires above the Mountain was soon learned. These past days, word of the very intense fires above Mauna Loa has arrived, yet it did not pour over the side of the Mountain. However it was clear to the folks of Kawaihae and North and South Kona the power of the spouting of the fires above, and in the estimation of some people, the strength of the lava shooting above the crater was perhaps several hundred feet. The skies on the Kona side was illuminated, and it is being watched for where the lava will erupt from the mountain as is usual when eruptions occur atop Mokuaweoweo. Some people think that the strongest eruption will occur on the Kona side of the crater, and some predict that the flow will indeed happen on the Kona side. But the return of the person watching for the lava flow of Kilauea is awaited for being that he is now atop Mauna Loa.

(Hoku o Hawaii, 12/3/1914, p. 2)

 

OWELA KE AHI ILUNA O MOKUAWEOWEO

Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Buke 9, Helu 26, Aoao 2. Decemaba 3, 1914.

Paaiea Pond, from the pen of J. W. H. Isaac Kihe, 1914.

SOME STORIED LANDS OF KONA

Written for the Hoku o Hawaii by ka Ohu Haaheo i na Kuahiwi Ekolu¹

PAAIEA POND

Paaiea was a great pond almost like the ponds of Wainanalii and Kiholo. In the olden days, when the great ruling chiefs were living, and when these fish ponds were full of the riches of Awa, Anae, and Ahole, along with all sorts of fish which swam within.

During that time, Konohiki were stationed, and he was the guard of the pond that watched over the pond and all things, as here we are talking about Paaiea Pond which was destroyed by lava and became pahoehoe lava which remains today, which is what the writer is introducing to the readers of the Hoku o Hawaii.

In the correct and trues story of this pond, its boundaries began from Kaelehuluhulu on the north and on the south was at the place called Wawaloli, and the distance from one end to the other was 3 miles or more, and that was the length of this pond; and today within these boundaries, there are a number of pools [lua wai loko] remaining during this time that the writer is speaking before the readers of the Hoku.

The great Overseer [Konohiki] who cared for this pond was Kepaalani, and everything fell under him: the storehouses [hale papaa] where poi and fish were stored, the halau for the fishing canoes, the nets and all thing, and from him the fishermen and the retainers of the court would obtain their sustenance.

And at this time when the pond was destroyed by lava, Kamehameha was residing in Hilo for the purpose of waging war, and this war was called Kaipalaoa; during this war, Namakehaikalani died and was offered atop the Heiau of Piihonua in Hilo; and this was Kamehameha’s final war, and his enemies lived quietly without uprising once again. This was the time between 1798 until 1801, and it is said that this is when lava destroyed this pond that was full of riches, and turned it into a land of pahoehoe lava which remains to this day. Continue reading