Richard Thomas arrives today, 1843.


On the 26th of July, the British Warship named Dublin arrived. Read Admiral Thomas is the Captain. He is the commander-in-chief of the British Warships here in the Pacific Ocean.

When he received the document about Capt. Lord George Paulet, by way of the ship Victoria, and he heard clearly that the flag of Britain was raised at this archipelago, he quickly came to restore the kingdom to Kamehameha III. How wonderful indeed is his aloha for the king! and for the people as well.

(Nonanona, 8/8/1843, p. 25)


Ka Nonanona, Buke 3, Pepa 6, Aoao 25. Augate 8, 1843.

Duke Kahanamoku Off to Hollywood, 1936.

Kahanamoku Asks to Go to the Land of the Haole

Duke Kahanamoku [Kuke Kahanamoku] submitted his request to the Board of Supervisors [Papa Lunakiai] to allow him to go with John Ford [Keoni Ford], a director [lunanui] of a movie company in Hollywood, to the land of the haole and to take a leave until the 7th of January of next year.

During his leave from his office, Charles H. Rose [Kale H. Rose] will take care of all of his duties.

(Alakai o Hawaii, 11/19/1936, p. 3)

Noi O Kahanamoku E Holo I Ka Aina Haole

Ke Alakai o Hawaii, Buke 9, Helu 33, Aoao 3. Novemaba 19, 1936.

Population change of Kona, Kauai and Niihau, 1835.



Adults Children All together Entire population in 1831
Nuololo 49 9 58 53
Miloli 39 3 42 55
Haeleele 10 5 15 11
Olapa 7 1 8 15
Kolo 66 23 89 85
Ohaiula 6 3 9 9
Kaheluiki 94 17 111 124
Kahelunui 26 10 36 65
Nohomalu 8 4 12 41
Kaawaloa 13 3 16 24
Opelu 6 2 8 19
Kaunalewa 13 4 17 23
Waiawa 15 5 20 17
Paka 27 5 32 34
Pokii 27 10 37 38
Kekaha 155 30 185 252
Waimea 584 80 664 1978
Makaweli 382 98 480 640
Kekupua 141 38 179 199
Hanapepe 503 95 598 826
2171 445 2616 4508
Niihau 728 265 993 1079

Aloha to you, O Tinker [Tineka]. This is a chart showing the number of people from Nualolo to Hanapepe. From 1831 to 1835, there was a great decrease of 1,992. This is the reasons for their decrease. Death is perhaps the biggest cause, but that is not all. In 1831, the alii were living here and their retinue; here as well were the teachers at that time. However, during this census in 1835, the alii were living on Oahu along with their ohua. And some people went from Waimea to Waioli to live with the new teacher there. So too some people from Koloa. For these reasons, the people here in Kona [Kauai] have sharply decreased.  By Whitney [Wini].

(Kumu Hawaii, 12/23/1835, p. 204)


Ke Kumu Hawaii, Buke 1, Pepa 26, Aoao 204. Detemaba 23, 1835.

Miriam Kekupuohi dies, 1836.

[Found under: “MAKE.”]

Kailua, Hawaii, Feb. 9, 1836.

Died here in Kailua was the chiefess named Miriama Kekupuohi, on the 8th of February. She belonged to the church for eight years, and she was one of the first converts of Kailua nei. She was not known to have any entanglements.

She was very old, perhaps 80 years old. She was a wife of Kalaiopuu,* the chief when Lono [Captain Cook] came, in the first ship to arrive in Kaawaloa.

O Brethren, very true are the words of James 4:14. “Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. For what is your life? It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away.”  By DANIELA.

*Kalaiopuu was also known as Kaleiopuu and today is more commonly known as Kalaniopuu.

(Kumu Hawaii, 3/16/1836, p. 24)

Kailua, Hawaii...

Ke Kumu Hawaii, Buke 2, Pepa 6, Aoao 24. Maraki 16, 1836.

Red Cross knitting drive, 1917.

Red Cross Knitting

The increasing number of knitters in the service of the Red Cross necessitates the publication of the following:


Because of a difference in knitting needle sizes in the United States—there being three manufacturers’ gauges which, unfortunately, do not correspond, the Pacific Division of the American Red Cross ask that the women follow the printed directions as near as possible, but try out their needles and yarn to see just what measurement a definite number of stitches gives them.

Following are the sizes the articles should be.


Length 25 inches.
Width across chest from 16 to 20 inches, preferably 18 inches.


11 inches wide.
68 inches long—(3 yards even more acceptable.)


12 inches long.
Openifig should be 3 inches from top.


Length should be 11 inches from top of leg to division of heel.
Width of leg and of foot—4 inches.
Foot 10½ inches to 12 inches.
(11 and 11½ inches average length.)

Materials required—2½hanks knitting yarn.
No. 5 Needles.

Cast on 96 stitches.
Knit 2, purl 2 for 3 inches.
Knit until it measures 25 inches from the beginning.
Make neck hole as follows:
Knit 35 stitches, bind off 26, knit 35.
Knit 7 ribs on each side (over and back is a rib)
Knit 35 stitches—cast on 26, knit 35.
Knit for 22 inches, knit 2, purl 2 for 3 inches.
Crochet sides together, leaving 9 inches for arm hole.
Crochet edge ½ inch deep round around neck.

(Garden Island, 12/4/1917, p. 4)

Red Cross Knitting

The Garden Island, Volume 13, Number 49, Page 4. December 4, 1917.

Duke donating time to make warm clothing, 1918.

In this picture is seen Duke P. Kahanamoku, the swimming champion of Hawaii nei making warm clothing in his spare time on the shore of Waikiki. The young girl watching him is named Miss Kathryn Jackson of Kalakaua Avenue who heard much of Kahanamoku going to make clothes, and she thus wanted to see it for herself.

(Kuokoa, 4/5/1918, p.1)

Ma keia kii e ikeia ana o Duke P. Kahanamoku...

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LVI, Helu 14, Aoao 1. Aperila 5, 1918.

Duke saves lives, 1925.


Because of the brave and fearless rescue carried out by Duke P. Kahanamoku, the famous swimming champion of the world, just recently at Newport, California, in saving the lives of eight people from death, he was sent a gift of a medal to honor him, last Wednesday with a letter from Governor Farrington.

The news of this rescue carried out by Duke P. Kahanamoku arrived in this town, therefore,  some people of Honolulu donated a sum of money to purchase a medal to present to him.

This presentation medal was sent along with a letter from the governor to Lorrin Andrews, living in Los Angeles, as the president of the Hawaiian Club of South California [Kalapu Hawaii ma Kalepooni Hema], and from that club the gift will be given to Mr. Kahanamoku.

[I noticed today’s post by Bishop Museum announcing their upcoming exhibit on this hero, Duke Paoa Kahanamoku!]

(Kuokoa, 8/27/1925, p. 4)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LXIV, Helu 35, Aoao 4. Augate 27, 1925.

Apapane flourishing, 1939.

Hawaiian Birds

We received word from the news released by the Hui Manuihi [?? Audubon Society ??] that there are now at Kilauea many apapane birds, and it is the one bird that is most widespread there.

Just like the work of those who research all sorts of things, there are some who made a move to study the different birds, and not only in other places, but here in Hawaii as well.

The activity of these people on Kilauea was to go into the forests to look at the Hawaiian Birds that are spread out there, and by them travelling the narrow paths in the Bird Park and entering into the Golf course and reaching the Soldier Camp at Kilauea and then arriving at Kilauea Iki; there were more Apapane than all the other birds put together.

With the research of the rangers of Kilauea National Park, they saw there was a large amount of bugs on the trees these days and that is was has caused an increase in the birds, for that is what the birds eat.

The number of kolea decreased and the mynah [piheekelo] birds are less, and it is believed because of the great cold.

Other Hawaiian birds seen at Kilauea these days are the amakihi and the elepaio.

Therefore according to this report shown, Hawaiian birds are indeed numerous, and the apapane is the most abundant.

[What about today? Are things better? Are things worse?]

(Hoku o Hawaii, 1/11/1939, p. 2)

Na Manu Hawaii

Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Volume XXXIII, Number 37, Aoao 2. Ianuari 11, 1939.

Opeapea from Hilea, 1887.


By the W. G. Hall of last Wednesday, Mr. F. L. Clarke received from Mr. C. N. Spencer, of Hilea, a good specimen of a Hawaiian bat. The native name is “Opeapea” or “Olepe.” The specimen sent measures 6 inches from tip to tip of the extended wings. The body is about the size of that of a mouse. The ears are quite large in proportion to the head. The profile to the little fellow shows a “snub” nose, retreating forehead and wide mouth, in fact, it may be called an “ugly mug.” The specimen is preserved in alcohol, and will be placed in the National Museum.

(Daily Bulletin, 2/17/1887, p. 2)


The Daily Bulletin, Volume XI, Number 1562, Page 2. February 17, 1887.