John Harbottle visits Hilo, 1943.

Just in Hilo.

This past week the kamaaina of the land renowned for the Apaapaa Wind, of Kohala with its hills that move along together, Kalahikiola and Pili, that is John Harbottle, and after some days he returned to his famous lands.

Looking at him, he is still in good health, he has not changed, as if it is still in the days of his youth, when I first met him 27 years ago, when I arrived in his famous aina.

He spent some days with his daughter and son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Eddie Nelson, of Keaukaha.

(Hoku o Hawaii, 9/8/1943, p. 1)

Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Volume XXXVIII, Number 20, Aoao 1. Sepatemaba 8, 1943.

Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Volume XXXVIII, Number 20, Aoao 1. Sepatemaba 8, 1943.

Necker claimed for Hawaii, 1894.



The Islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago!

In the afternoon of May 25, this town was all astir at the news that the steamship Iwalani was headed on a long expedition. At 5:20 of that evening, the Iwalani sailed on its mystifying mission. On board was J. A. King, Minister of the Interior, and the crew was increased by ten more sailors. Ka Leo¹ newspaper was much alarmed thinking that the Provisional Government was looking for a place to keep all of the royalists [anee alii]. The royalists proved this worthless piece of news by Ka Leo printing a letter that they found in some dung, but the people…


…of proper thinking, they were not anxious. The wonder of the people was highly escalated because the British warship Champion followed half an hour after the Iwalani left. And as is usual in Honolulu nei, news soon spoke of the warship chasing after the Iwalani. These senseless ideas were let go when the Iwalani returned on Tuesday evening, May 29.

From what was said by Captain Freeman of the Iwalani, they passed Nihoa in the evening of Saturday, May 26, and at 11 o’clock on the following morning, May 27, the anchor of the Iwalani was let down on the leeward side of Necker [Neka] Island, 41 hours sailing from Honolulu. The skiff was let down and Captain King, Captain Freeman, engineer Norton, along with seven sailors went on.


This island is a heap of rocks, and is 260 feet tall. There is a steep cliff rising from the ground, and it was with great effort that they climbed up until a proper place to where Captain King stood a flagpole and the Hawaiian flag waved in the wind. This island was annexed to the Hawaiian nation, and this is the proclamation that Captain King read: Continue reading

Walter McBryde purchases Kukuiolono, 1907.

[Found under: “COMMERCIAL NEWS By Daniel Logan”]


All of the interests of the estate of the late L. Ahlo in the rice industry were bought at auction sale on Monday by Jas. F. Morgan, trustee, and have since been incorporated under the name of Kaneohe Rice Mill Co., Ltd., with a capital of $50,000, the incorporators being Arnim Haneburg, W. Pfotenhauer, Geo. Rodiek, August Humburg and P. Bartels.

An agreement of sale has been made by the government with Walter McBryde for the mountain lot of Kukuiolono, in the Kalaheo tract, Kauai. The price is $894, one-tenth deposited on signing of papers, and the purchaser agrees to plant 3000 trees every year for ten years on the land. At the end of that period he is to receive a deed of the lot. The purpose of the agreement is stated to be conservation of the forest and of its water resources.


(Sunday Advertiser, 1/13/1907, p. 4)


Sunday Advertiser, Volume V, Number 211, Page 4. January 13, 1907.

Sale of Kukuiolono lands, 1906.



At 12 o’clock noon, on Monday, January 7, 1907, at the front of the Judiciary Building [Hale Hookolokolo] of Honolulu, there will be a public auction under the provisions of Section 17, Part IV, Land Act, 1895. (Section 276, Revised Laws of Hawaii.), the above premises consisting of 178.2 acres of mountain pastoral land. Continue reading

Walking around Honolulu, 1853.


Oftentimes it is difficult to picture what places looked like and where they were situated. This paper appearing in Thrum’s Hawaiian Almanac and Annual for 1898 by Warren Goodale and supplemented by Thomas G. Thrum is an interesting read because it show buildings of old Honolulu from lithographs (in the collection of the Hawaiian Historical Society) done by Paul Emmert, and describes locations of the buildings.

[One of yesterday’s posts mentioned Kalakaua boarding a skiff makai of Halemahoe, which appears in this paper as Hale Mahoe. Luckily this volume and most years of Thrum’s Almanac and Annual are available online. For this particular article, click on the image below.]

Paul Emmert Lithograph No. 1

“HONOLULU IN 1853.” Hawaiian Almanac and Annual for 1898, pp 80-104.

A description of Honokohau, Maui, 1872.

The Features of Honokohau.

O Nupepa Kuokoa; Aloha oe:

May it please you and your Editor to insert this bundle of aloha in some open space of your depository, and it will be for you to share it amongst our masses.

Looking at the lay of the land, it is a beautiful place indeed; there is a deep river, and there is much taro; the area planted with kalo is approximately 5 miles long.

Pertaining to the evenness of the land.—The flat lands here are on the east side of the river, that being the famous plains of Kalaulaolao, and a mele for this fame is written of by the people of old.

Pertaining to the crops.—Things that are planted grow stuntedly [kakanalii] because of aphids [Eleao]; talk of the Eleao is all over Hilo Paliku. Continue reading

The pioneers of the Hawaiian Homes Lands in Kalamaula, Molokai, 1922.

Eight Ohana will Head First to the Homestead Lands at Molokai

The Hawaiian Homes Commission Chose those People who were Thought to be Appropriate for Going First to the Lands of Kalamaula, Molokai

Amongst the applicants that reached seventy in number, to go back to the homestead lands of Molokai, the Commissioner of Hawaiian Homes chose  last week Wednesday, eight families as the first to go to live on the homestead lands of Kalamaula Kai, and the rest, they will go later, however, only between twenty and twenty-four families total will live at Kalamaula.

In the selection of the commission of those eight families, it was done with them choosing full-blooded Hawaiians, hapa Haole, and hapa Chinese. At the same time, considered were their ages and the children in their families.

The first eight Hawaiians and their families which were selected by the commission to go to the aina hoopulapula at Kalamaula Kai are here named below:

David K. Kamai, a full-blooded Hawaiian who is 41 years old, his occupation is a contractor and a carpenter. He has a wife and they have 11 children, 6 boys and 5 girls. He is a land owner and he has knowledge of taro cultivation, sweet potato, corn, cabbage, alfalfa grass and melons. He is prepared to go at once and live on the land when his application is approved.

Clarence K. Kinney [Clarence W. Kinney], of Honolulu nei, is a hapa Haole, and is 42 years old. His occupation is an ukulele maker and a maker of umeke. He is married, and they have 7 children, 3 boys and 4 girls. He is a land owner. He was born on farm lands, with knowledge of dry land taro cultivation, sweet potato planting, corn, melon and other crops. He is ready to go to the aina hoopulapula in thirty days after his application is approved.

Albert Kahinu, Kaunakakai, Molokai. He is a hapa Hawaii that is 28 years old. He is employed by the Hawaiian Homes Commission on Molokai as a water pump engineer. He is married and they have one son. He knows how to raise chicken and pig, and how to plant sweet potato, banana, melon, and other crops. His wife is also knowledgeable in that kind of work. He does not own property, but is prepared to go at once to live on the homestead lands.

W. A. Aki, Honolulu, is a Hapa Chinese, and is 28 years old; he is an overseer of laborers. He is married and they have two children, a son and daughter. He is knowledgeable about planting crops to assist his family. His wife has been a school teacher for eight years at the Girls’ Correctional School at Kamoiliili. They are ready to go live on the aina hoopulapula.

John Puaa, Kaunakakai, Molokai, is a full-blooded Hawaiian, and is 52 years old; he is employed by the commission at Molokai. He is married, and they have 10 children, 5 boys and 5 girls. He has lived with his wife on a ranch for 25 years, and the two are knowledgeable at various work. They are prepared to go live on homestead lands without delay.

Harry Apo, Lahaina, Maui, is a hapa Chinese, and he works as a letter carrier. He is married, and they have 6 children, 4 girls and 2 boys. He lived at Lahainaluna School for two years, and four years at Kamehameha School, learning farming at Kamehameha. He is ready to move to the aina hoopulapula in July or August perhaps.

George W. Maioho, Kihei, is a hapa Chinese, and is 40 years old. He is married, and they have four children, 2 girls and 2 boys. He is capable of all sorts of work, from planting crops to raising livestock. He will go at once after his application is approved to live on the aina hoopulapula with his family.

William Kamakaua, Kawela, Molokai, is a full-blooded Hawaiian, and is 38 years old; he is employed by the commission on Molokai. He is married with 10 children, 5 sons and 5 daughters. He worked along with his wife on Molokai Ranch for 17 years. He is prepared to live on the homestead lands.

Of these eight families, only three will go first, because only three of the lots have been so far cleared by the commission to be farmed at once, and thereafter, other families will go when their lots are ready.

[There was a nice article in this month’s Ka Wai Ola, on page 5, about a remembrance of the first settlers of the Hawaiian Homes lands at Kalamaula. Here are more families that were chosen, listed in the Kuokoa on 8/17/1922.

Here is perhaps a more detailed article on the eight found in the Kuokoa on 7/6/1922, p. 2.]

(Kuokoa, 7/6/1922, p. 1)

Ewalu Ohana e Hoi e Ana no na Aina Hoopulapula ma Molokai

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LXI, Helu 27, Aoao 1. Iulai 6, 1922.

Why Crown Lands are not public lands, 1909.

The Claim of Liliuokalani, Former Queen of Hawaii.


Mr. Chairman and gentlemen, I am very glad to have the opportunity to appear before you to make a statement in regard to the claim of the late Queen, especially because I was concerned in the provisional government which carried on the contest with her some twelve years ago. I may state that I have been a resident of the Hawaiian Islands for thirty-one years. I was not in Honolulu at the moment of the overthrow of the throne, being in California attending to some private business. I returned within a few weeks after that event, and from that time to the time of the signing of the treaty of annexation I had something to do, as an advisor and minister of President Dole, with the revolutionary government.

Mr. Graham. And the former sovereigns who had to do with this land.

Mr. Hatch. That is what I, am going to explain in detail.

The first sovereign of the whole group was Kamehameha I, who reigned a little over a hundred years ago. Prior to that date the group of islands was divided up among a number of petty kings. Kamehameha I was the first king to reduce these lands to his rule. He reigned as an absolute monarch. His son, Kamehameha II, and Kamehameha III, who inherited the throne, were absolute monarchs. The title to every bit of land in the kingdom was vested in the sovereign. He could deprive anybody of their occupation or land by a simple decree.

Kamehameha following the advice of lawyers, in whom he had confidence concluded that it would be for the benefit of the kingdom to establish a constitutional monarchy, so he voluntarily promulgated a written constitution, containing a bill of rights, and guaranteeing private holdings in land. He also submitted to the legislature an act providing for a commission to pass upon all claims to real estate.

Mr. Graham. Who was appeared as a grantor in those titles?

Mr. Hatch. The sovereign. And a royal patent under the great seal, confirming the act of the land commission is the starting point of all Hawaiian titles to this day. This made a clean start in about 1840.

I wish to submit to you my view of the Queen’s interest in the portion of the land in Hawaii known as the “crown land.” I take it that she has an equitable life interest in the income of those crown lands and has never been deprived of that life interest by any sort of legal procedure. She was deprived of her throne by act of war. There was a revolution, and an actual state of warfare existing for over three years; practically during the whole term of President…

(Kuokoa Home Rula, 5/21/1909, p. 1)

The Claim of Liliuokalani, Former Queen of Hawaii.

Kuokoa Home Rula, Buke VII, Helu 21, Aoao 1. Mei 21, 1909.

…Cleveland’s administration. Through that state of war came the establishment of the Republic of Hawaii. This action was forced upon the revolutionary party in Honolulu in consequence of the action of President Cleveland in attempting to restore the Queen to the throne. As long as the government remained a provisional government, it was comparatively easy for the President of the United States to claim that the provisional government had no right to exist and that the Queen was the lawful sovereign, which would have defeated the whole revolution. Not submitting to President Cleveland’s view of the question, which had been in dispute since he became President of the United States, the provisional government, acting with the support of the people, represented the business interest of Hawaii, called a constitutional convention, and regularly proclaimed the Republic of Hawaii, which was granted recognition by the leading nations of the world. That was followed by the treaty, the Newland’s resolution, and the actual raising of the flag by the armed forces of the United States under the command of Admiral Miller.

I claim that from start of finish there was no procedure taken against private property, either by the provisional government or by the United States, that would deprive a party, from the Queen down, of one iota of private property. Certain people who conducted a conspiracy were tried by regularly constituted tribunals and were sentenced to [unclear] but there was never any intention to deprived them of their private estates. The constitutional convention declared by resolution that the crown-land estate was public property. There was no decision of a court, however, and no hearing given to the Queen. It was merely a [unclear] without any consideration of her interests. It was a [unclear] measure. A state of war was still existing.

After the heat of the contest passed there was a strong feeling that the Queen should be given some allowance in consequence of having been deprived of the income of the crown lands. A committee of the Senate, headed by Senator Mitchell, made a report that the sentiment was universal in Hawaii, irrespective of party, that the Queen should received some compensation for her loss of her life interest in the crown lands. They held that she had no legal title, but had a very strong equitable claim.

Mr. Fulton. Has the United States any control of those lands now?

Mr. Hatch. The fee simple title is in the United States subject to the Queen’s life interest. By the treaty and the resolution of annexation the title to all public property in Hawaii became vested in the United States. The Territory was given the use and benefit of the Crown lands, as well as the other government lands, to support the territory government. These lands are mostly under lease and produce an income. That income is applied to the support of the territorial government.

Resuming the narrative of the history of the Crown lands: There was left a very large area of land, the public domain, after all private claims had been met by the land commission. As to that, the King recognized the wisdom of this proposition, which of course did not originate in his own brain, but was suggested to him by his legal advisers, who were educated lawyers, that he held that public domain in two capacities to a certain extent as heir of his grandfather—that was a private interest—and that as a sovereign there was a public interest which he represented. Now he said, “I will divide these holdings; I will keep as my private portion one0third of the domain, and two-thirds I will deed to the government as government lands.” That was carried out by actual deed and approved by net of the legislature. The portion which he reserved as his private estate is the domain which is now in question. It has been considered to have acquired a quasi public character, I deny that it has ever lost its character as a private estate. It was and has remained a private estate down to this day, as I contend.

To throw some light upon the question whether these early sovereigns had the right of selling the land, I cite you the second volume of the Hawaiian reports, page 715. The case is entitled “In the matter of the Estate of his Majesty Kamehameha IV, late deceased,” and was decided by the supreme court in 1864. The King died without children. His widow, Queen Emma, made a claim to a share of these lands as a widow. The court held she was entitled to dower in this estate as wife of the King. I claim that this case is a very strong confirmation of m position—that this is private land. No court would hold that a widow of a King was entitled to dower in public lands. The court goes on to give a history of these lands, [partially unclear from here on down].

[This is also translated and printed in Hawaiian in Kuokoa Home Rula. “KOI A LILIUOKALANI, MOIWAHINE MUA O HAWAII.”

Although this document should be easily found elsewhere, there are other stories in newspapers like Kuokoa Home Rula that are not legible online. They need to be rescanned clearly, so that they can be read as they were written, for what good is information if it cannot be read?]

(Kuokoa Home Rula, 5/21/1909, p. 2)

The Claim of Liliuokalani, Former Queen of Hawaii

Kuokoa Home Rula, Buke VII, Helu 21, Aoao 2. Mei 21, 1909.

More on Moanalua Park, 1899.


As long as Minister Damon [Damana] has been in possession of Moanalua, his desire to beautify, ornament, and to clean up the area has been increasing.

He is planting roses and vines of all sorts and these are growing and increasing inside and outside of the glass houses with their blossoming fragrant blossoms.

There are many people constructing new roads; one will be for the island which will be close to the house and one will go up to Alia Paakai.

Its beauty is intensifying every day. Mr. Damon will continue to bring in plants and fruits from other lands to adorn this Home of his, and it will please the eyes of those who visit.

(Lahui Hawaii, 3/25/1899, p. 5)


Ka Lahui Hawaii, Buke 1, Helu 9, Aoao 5. Maraki 25, 1899.

Visitors to Moanalua Park, 1898.


There was a truly great number of people who arrived in Moanalua, on the evening of last Saturday, to share in the delightful welcome extended by Minister Damon and Mrs. S. M. Damon. Some came by train, some came up by horse-drawn carriage. The reception began from 3 o’clock in the afternoon until 6 o’clock or so.

This was an unforgettable gathering to all who assembled there.

(Kuokoa, 10/7/1898, p. 3)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXXVII, Helu 40, Aoao 3. Okatoba 7, 1898.