King Kalakaua’s address in English, 1874.

[Found under: “THE ROYAL BIRTH-DAY.”]

My People: On this the first anniversary of my birth-day occurring after my accession to the Throne, I have thought it fit and proper that it should be made a day of national thanksgiving to the Almighty God, for His many mercies and blessings to us as a people; and, as it occurs on the eve of my undertaking a long journey to a far country, that you may also on this day implore the Divine protection for me in my absence, and a blessing on my mission. Continue reading


King Kalakaua’s stirring address to his people on his 38th birthday, 1874.

[Found under: “La Hanau o ka Moi ma Honolulu.”]


I take this day, that being my birthday, to thank the Powerful One for the blessings of our lives as this year nears its close. And also, the time is near for My travels to the foreign lands in search of benefits for the industries of our nation is quickly upon us; I seize this time now to express my Aloha for all of you, my makaainana.

I am leaving to carry out what was recently decided in the Legislative session. Continue reading

A mele for Kalakaua, 1874.

A Song for the King.

(This below is a mele sung by the students of the school run by the Catholic Roman Nuns, before the Alii, the King, when He went to see them on this past Sunday, February 22.)

Tune.—Par la voix du canon d’alarmes.

O ka Moi e noho nei
O Kalakaua ia;
Mai ke Kiekie mai
Kona lei, kona mana.

E kuokoa mau
Kona Aupuni a mau loa’ku.

Oluolu ka noho ana,
Pomaikai kakou,
Na keiki me na makua,
Malalo o kona malu.

E kuokoa mau, &c.

Like pu ka helehelena,
Aole he olelo e,
Ka olelo a na kupuna
Ko kakou makemake.

E kuokoa mau, &c.

Mamalahoa kanawai
E kau mau no ia,
Mai Hilo a Kauai
I ko ka Moi aloha.

E kuokoa mau, &c.

Ola ko kakou aina
Mai na kupuna mai,
Ola ia Kalakaua
I ko kakou Alii.

E kuokoa mau, &c.

Mai kanalua kakou
Na ‘Lii me na kanaka,
I hookahi ka naau,
I hookahi ke aloha.

E kuokoa mau
Ko kakou Moi o ke one hanau.

(Ko Hawaii Ponoi, 3/4/1874, p. 1)

He Mele no ka Moi.

Ko Hawaii Ponoi, Buke I, Helu 37 [38], Aoao 1. Maraki 4, 1874.

Abraham Kaulukou to study law at Yale, 1902.



In the coming September, Aberehama Kaulukou, the son of the Hon. John L. Kaulukou will go to enter into the school of law at Yale. This is help from the Yale alumni of this town. These former students thought a great deal to do something for their school, and after prior investigation, they unanimously chose to send this intelligent Hawaiian youth of the land. Continue reading

Language, 2014.

Here is something to think about. The olelo noeau is indeed true, “Make ke kalo a ola i ka palili.” (The oldsters die, but they live on through their offspring.)* Language however is something that needs to be consciously worked at, for if we let it disappear, “when you cover him with dirt, language is not like a plant that grows again…”

*The old taro stalk dies, but lives on through the shoots. Also seen as “Make ke kalo, ola i ka naio.”

Plans for Independence Day, 1885.

The heads of the nation are planning on a great celebration on the 28th of November, that being La Kuokoa. Therefore, there will be a parade on that day; a speech by Robert Hoapili Baker [R. Hoapili Beka] at Kaumakapili for independence day, the one that we are questioning as to whether he has a brain that can compose a speech for that day by himself; and a banquet for the benefit of Kaumakapili Church after the activities at the church are through. This is something new that we see, that the heads of the nation themselves are doing this, and not the makaainana. Perhaps it was seen that the makaainana were neglectful in observing this day because of their lack of trust in the ministers of the government.

(Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, 11/14, 1885, p. 2)

Ke manao nei na luna aupuni...

Ko Hawaii Pae Aina, Buke VIII, Helu 46, Aoao 2. Novemaba 14, 1885.

John Rollin “JACK” Desha, 1917.


DESHA, JOHN ROLLIN, Washington, D. C.; born at Napoopoo, S. Kona District, Hawaii, Jan. 22, 1887, a descendant of the Desha family of Kentucky; son of Stephen Langhern and Mary Kaakopua (Kekumano) Desha; educated at the Kamehameha School and Oahu College (Honolulu), Harvard University, A. B. 1912, attending Geo. Washington University, Law Dept.; married Agnes Ready at Medford, Mass.; two children: Evelyn and Jacqueline. Has been private secretary to the Hon. J. K. Kalanianaole, delegate to U. S. Congress from the Territory of Hawaii since 1912. Conducted the Congressional Party to Hawaii, which included more than 125 people, in 1915. Member of the Delta Upsilon Frat. (Harvard), Harvard Club of Washington, D. C., Harvard Varsity Club and Chiefs of Hawaii.

(Siddall, John William, ed. “Men of Hawaii,” Honolulu: Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Ltd. 1917.)


Siddall, John William, ed. “Men of Hawaii.” Honolulu: Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Ltd. 1917.


More on Jack Desha, 1912.


Amongst the youth of Hawaii nei who are pursuing education who have gone to “Foreign Lands” [Aina E], one of them is the son of our friend, Rev. Stephen Desha. He left for Harvard College. This Hawaiian youth lived at the home of the parents of a girl by the name of Miss Agnes Reddy, in Medford, Massachusetts. This Hawaiian youth was enraptured with this young lady. With all the might in the young Desha, he asked the father of the woman who he was taken with to agree that there be the bond of holy matrimony between him and his daughter. The father of the young lady refused, that his daughter could not marry a Protestant being that this family was of the Catholic faith.

So the two young ones fled to Nashua, New Hampshire, without the parents of the woman or anyone else knowing about it. And there they were wed; then they went before her father and revealed to him of their marriage. The father told them that they must have a Catholic marriage. This was carried out. The day they were were wed was on New Year’s Day, of the year 1910, and on the 11th of Dec., 1910, they had their baby. She was named Evalina C. M. Desha.

The schoolmates of young Desha had no idea that living amongst them was a boy that was married and had a large baby; until the next New Year’s Day, when for the first time that the knowledge-seeking Hawaiian announced it outright before his schoolmates.

We hear that the young Desha will enter into Medical School.

(Aloha Aina, 7/13/1912, p. 1)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke XVII Helu 28, Aoao 1. Iulai 13, 1912.

A timely mele, 1919.


Mo’a Unounoo Puna i ke akua wahine,
Mo’a ma-kaali ka ohia o Moeawakea;
Ke nana aku ia Halaaniani,
Lohe mai ka papa ale ka pahoehoe;
Opiopi i ka la o Kukalaula,
Ke hele la i ka nahele o Maukele a!
Pakele ke aloha mai loaa i ka moe,
Aaohe wa, a ua hiki mai oe;
O ka hala ana aku la no ia o ke aloha,
Hala ke aloha naue pu no me ka anoai e!
Ilaila, ilaila wale iho la no a wali ke kino,
Wali wale iho no i ka manao a loko a!
E, he-a hoi mai hoi e!

(Kuokoa, 6/6/1919, p. 3)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LVII, Helu 23, Aoao 3. Iune 6, 1919.

It seems that Jack was not all work and no play, 1912.

Desha Elopes, Weds; Keeps Secret 2 Years

Jack Desha of Hawaii, Harvard’s star baseball player, marries girl of his choice despite opposition of stern parent. Two ceremonies held, and he becomes proud father before his classmates learn the story that he has long left the ranks of single men.

—Photo by Perkins.

Harvard Hears News When He Presents a Candidate for Class Baby

Jack Desha of Hilo and Harvard, famed as a football and baseball player, is a benedict. Further than this, he entered the ranks of married men two years ago by way of an elopement with the daughter of his landlord and was married on New Year’s Day, 1910. It may also be stated that Jack Desha has been a proud father since December 11, 1910, when Evelyn C. M. Desha came into the world.

Friends of Jack Desha in the Hawaiian Islands need not feel disappointed or grieved at the fact that the young athlete failed to confide in them, for it appears that the members of his own class at Harvard, that of 1912, knew nothing about it until Desha as a candidate for the class baby, to which position she was at once elected by the class. Continue reading