A Kanikau for Mrs. Fidelia Church Coan, done in Hawaiian and English! 1872.


A Dirge for Mrs. Coan,

Composed by request for the Church and friends at Hilo.

Tune, A Mother’s Kiss,—Golden Robin.


What hand is this stretched from above,
From where kind Spirits blend?
It is a hand let down in love
To bear away a friend.
A stranger friend she came to us
From homes beyond the seas,
And moved by love she staid with us
To teach us words of peace.


Long she abode in our domain,
And domiciled with us;
A Mother teacher she became,
A kind and tender nurse;
A mother dear and much beloved,
A guide both safe and sure
O’er verdant fields with flowers perfumed,
By waters still and pure.


Look upward, lo! what sight is this?
A shining cloud appears,
It floats, and thence an angel’s voice
Falls on our listening ears;
O friend beloved, there’s waiting nigh
An angel carr for thee;
Take passage, and ascend on high,
To the world though long’st to see.


Hark! hark! what notes are these we hear?
they are deep sorrow’s wails;
They roll, and swell, and fill the air,
And echo o’er the hills—
The angel choir has borne away
From children weeping here
A mother whom they loved to obey,
A mother teacher dear.


Our mournful tears are flowing fast,
And falling here and there,
For thee, our mother in days past,
Our leader kind and dear.
We bend in sorrow o’er one loved,
Our grief for thee is great—
Thou came’st, and we together moved;
But now we separate.


Hark! hark! what bell is tolling thus?
It is a mournful bell:—
Gather together in God’s house—
It is the funeral knell.
We listen and together come,
Dear friends the summons heed;
And draped mourning, to the tomb
We march with sorrow’s tread.


Mournful we move, and all are hush!
Angels are looking on,
And Jesus comes to walk with us,
And comfort those who mourn.
The hills and vales, and streams that flow,
Together with us mourn.
The loved one’s form is lower’d, and lo!
The clouds are dak’ning round!


But look again, the clouds have flown,
And light breaks thro’ the gloom;
A voice exhorts with gentle tone,
O cease, ye friends, to mourn.
The dear and much beloved one
Lies not in this drear tomb,
She’s risen and to heaven has gone,
With Jesus she’s at home.



He Kanikau no Mrs. Koana,

I hakuia ma ke noiia mai no ka ekalesia a me na makamaka o Hilo.

Leo, A Mother’s Kiss,—Golden Robin.


He lima aha e o nei
Mai luna mai ke ao?
He lima kii e lawe ae
Kekahi hoahanau.
He hoa malihini nei
Mai kahi loa mai no,
Aloha nae a noho mai
I kumu no kakou.


Ua noho a loihi no,
A kamaaina pu,
A lilo i makua ao,
A hanai ia kakou;
Makuwahine makamae,
A alakai maikai
Ma kahi kula uli e,
A ma na wai maemae.


E nana, e, heaha nei?
He ao olino e,
Ke kau la, a noloko mai
He leo hea mai;
Ke hoa aloha, ke ku nei
He kaa anela nou;
E ee maluna, a pii ae,
Pii i ke ao ma o.


Hamau! he lohe aha nei?
He olo pihe no;
O olo ae, a kupinai
Maluna o na puu—
Ua kai na anela aulii,
Mai na keiki ae,
I ka makua aloha e,
Makua ao maikai.


Ke kahe nei a helelei
Na u waimaka e
Nou, ka makua aloha e,
Ko makou alakai—
Ke haalou nei, a hu ka uwe,
Pau mako e makou!
Hoea a noho pu maanei,
Kaawale nae ano.


Hamau! he bele aha nei?
He bele kanikau—
E hui ma ka halawai
Hoolewa kupapau.
Ke hui nei na hoahanau,
Na hoaaloha pu;
Paa i ka lole kanikau,
A nauwe u kakou.


Ke nauwe kanikau hamau—
Nana na anela,
Me Iesu hoi ke hele pu,
A, nana e hoona.
Na puu, na awawa a kahawai
Ke kanikau pu no.
Ka mea aloha ua nalo ae,
Pouli mai na ao!


E nana hou, ua hee na ao,
Poha he lama e;
He leo paipai olu no,
E pau, e pau ka uwe—
Ka mea aloha makamae,
Aole ia maanei.
Ua lele i ke ao maikai
Me Iesu e maha’i.


[I thought to post this piece because it is one of the few examples where the author/composer did both the Hawaiian and English version. It is interesting to look at the two compositions side by side. This is a kanikau written for Fidelia Church Coan who arrived in Hawaii along with her husband, Titus Coan, on June 6, 1835. They were stationed in Hilo, and she ran a boarding school there for girls.

The composer who calls himself “Hawaii,” is a prolific translator of English hymns into Hawaiian in the Kuokoa newspaper. Could this possibly be Lorenzo Lyons? Would anyone have any information on this?]

(Kuokoa, 11/2/1872, p. 7)

[Translation.] A Dirge for Mrs. Coan...

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XI, Helu 44, Aoao 7. Novemaba 2, 1872.

Fish market affected by weather, 1929.


Hilo, Dec. 22—According to a report by the fish market association of Hilo, they said that there is a marked decrease in the amount of fish brought in to the fish markets of Hilo nei, and this is a result of the difficulty brought on by the very stormy seas these days. The pull of the currents is very strong, and this occurs in the fishing waters, so the fishing boats cannot head straight for them; the only fish caught by the large fishing vessels of Hilo are Ahi and other fish from far outside of the normal fishing areas of Hilo.

Here however are the Japanese, still persevering these stormy conditions of the sea by carrying out their regular work. And the determined fishermen are reaping the benefits of their persistence.

If those who eat fish are without fresh fish, here are nicely-salted opelu being sold at the pastor’s residence of Haili and it is being sold for a good price; it is fish salted well by the expert fish salters of Kapalaoa. Ring the Telephone Number 168, and the dried opelu in forties [kaau] will be delivered to your house.

(Hoku o Hawaii, 12/24/1929, p. 2)


Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Buke XXIII, Helu 28, Aoao 2. Dekemaba 24, 1929.

Alligator loose?? 1928.

The body of an Alligator [moo Aligeto] that wandered from the port of Hilo and caught in Honuapo in Kau was taken to show before the school children of the Government School, Union, of Hilo nei. The sea navigating serpent is being cared for by a Japanese Committee of Hilo nei, and it will be sent all the way to Japan aboard a Japanese ship one of these upcoming days.

(Hoku o Hawaii, 1/10/1928, p. 2)

Ua lawe hoikeike ia ae ke kino o kahi moo Aligeto...

Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Buke XXI, Helu 32, Aoao 2. Ianuari 10, 1928.

Earthquake, 1906.

(From the Wireless Telegraph.)




Keaukaha is an area five miles away from Hilo, on the edge of the Bay, close by the recreation area of the Severances.

HILO, September 4.—We were visited by another Earthquake this morning at 5:15. The people at the Volcano House [Hale Luapele] did not feel it, but those at Mountain View did.

(Kuokoa, 9/7/1906, p. 8)

(Mai ke Kelekalapa Uweaole mai.)

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLV, Helu 36, Aoao 8. Sepatemaba 7, 1906.

A visit to the Mormon settlement, Iosepa, Utah, 1912.

Travelling to Find Hawaiians in Iosepa, Utah.

Following the Presidential Nominating Convention in Chicago, I boarded the evening train, along with my travelling companions, on the sabbath, June 23, to return to San Francisco. We arrived at Salt Lake City at 5 p. m. on Tuesday evening, and I jumped off alone in that foreign land while my companions continued all the way.

The next day, I went to grounds of the Mormon temple and asked for the way to get to where the Hawaiians lived in Iosepa. I was told by the locals that Tempie was where the train stopped to go to Iosepa, and eight more miles and you’d reach Iosepa. I was restrained to wait for one of the Mormon teachers who lived here in Hawaii, for they knew the way to Iosepa, but I did not wait, I toured about the city until the time the train departed, and I boarded for Tempie.

I arrived there at 4:30 and saw a barren land with but two buildings, no trees, no crops, and they were just houses for the men who worked on the railroad. I was shocked, because there was no one home; I looked at the road lying to the south, to the east of the valley and I decided to walk until the houses of the locals of Iosepa, and so I went as a malihini on that lonely deserted road; I looked as far as my eyes could see, and there were no homes in sight, but I continued walking forward for eight miles and reached a hillock from which I could see four more miles, but I couldn’t see any houses, while I recalled what was told to me, that it was eight miles from Tempie to Iosepa; I was confused, thinking that maybe this wasn’t the correct road, so I turned back once again for Tempie. The sun went down, but the moon came out, so the trip on this deserted foreign land was not forlorn.

I arrived back in Tempie at eleven that night, knocked on the door, and the kamaaina, who was a Greek, awoke, and I slept there that night. He asked me about my travels, and I told him that I was headed for Iosepa, and I asked him the right way to get there, and he told me that that was indeed the road but he estimated that it was fourteen miles before reaching Iosepa.

Early the next morning, we were done with breakfast, and my kamaaina went off to work; he locked up the house, and I sat out on the lanai, waiting for for the mail truck, since the locals told me that the letter truck to Iosepa arrived at two that afternoon; I thought to walk once again, but because of swelling of my legs, I couldn’t do it.

In the afternoon, a delivery truck driven by a Hawaiian youth born there arrived first. After him arrived the mail truck driven by John Broad, the son of Charles Broad, along with three passengers headed for Salt Lake. I spent time with them until their train arrived and they left; and I waited for the train from Salt Lake; its arrival ran late, and it came at about six; we got the mail bag, and I went along with Jno. Broad to Iosepa which he said was sixteen miles from Iosepa to Tempie. We arrived at Iosepa at dusk, at eight in the evening and visited the home of Charles Broad and his queen [wife]. There I ate poi once again, that being poi palaoa [poi made of flour], and this was much tastier and better than the expensive haole food that I had in the American hotels.

I spent time with the Hawaiians living there, and asked about how their lives were;  they said their way of life in Iosepa was pleasant. Charles Broad and George Hubbel told me that when they were home in the land of their birth, they were subject to frequent bouts of rheumatism but in Iosepa they were fine and this ailment giving them sore bones disappeared. I was asked to stay back by the kamaaina to spend [seems to be a dropped line here: “hoohala i mau lakou”] so that they can properly welcome me, like by roasting a pig, joining together in celebration, and allowing time for the two singing groups to  come and entertain me with their music and Hawaiian songs that they cherish in that foreign land. But because of my very short time left before the Wilhelmina, my ship upon which I was returning, was leaving, therefore, I could not accept their invitation.

The town of Iosepa is east of Skull Valley [Awawa Pookanaka], and it is land dedicated as a home for kanaka people. Hawaiians are the majority living there, and there are some kauna [forty] samoans and the head haole and his family. There are 176 people in Iosepa. There is a school house, store, post office, church, dance hall, and a lanai for parties on special occasions.

The work people do there is farming, planting oats, wheat, potatoes, barley, and so forth. The land is flat and stretches out, and there is much space, enough for a thousand people, and there is a lot of spring water in that valley, but the land is like a salt bed, and it is by irrigation that the crops grow. Should you want a homestead, you can get 320 acres, being that there is abundant land yet few people.

Water is brought in for the town of Iosepa from the deep, grooved ravines of the mountains for many miles in canals which are lined with cement and runs out to a reservoir, and from there the water runs into great pipes reaching the roads of Iosepa and entering the house lots of the people.  The Church spent $76,000 to lay the waterway.

It is thought that it was an ultimate feat of Maui County, which spent $100,000 to lay the water system to bring the water from Puohokamoa Stream as water for the thousands of people of Makawao and Kula and the thousands of cattle of Kahikinui, however, people have to pay to get the water; as for the water in Iosepa, the Mormon Church paid $76,000 to get the water to make the life of the Hawaiians there easy, and they give it for free.

After finishing breakfast, the Head Boss, William Wadup [Waddoups], invited me to  tour the work place of the people, and so I went with him aboard his vehicle [Not sure what a “kaa bake” is, but it appeared in an earlier article i put up]. We arrived at the place of work, and I saw two men cutting grass. They sat atop the machine, guided the horses straight, and the machine was what cut the grass. And at another location, the dried grass (hay) was piled onto a large truck and taken to where it was heaped up, and the pile was as tall as a two-story building.

George Hubbel told me that pitching hay with long-handled three-pronged pitch forks was the most important job there, and the pay for that job was two dollars and a half a day for a single man, and three dollars for a married man; for other jobs, the pay was a dollar quarter and  a dollar half a day.

As I made ready to depart Iosepa that afternoon, people were let off work, they told me because it was windy that they could not pitch hay, and they all came down to see me and to give their aloha to the families in the land of their birth. There was much asking for me to visit them again should I come back to America, and from what I saw, they were very happy at the arrival of one of their own who saw and visited with them in this foreign land upon which they live.

They told me that in the twenty or more years which they lived in Iosepa, there were a great many Hawaiians who visited Salt Lake City, but I was a Hawaiian who actually went to Iosepa to see them before returning here to the sands of our birth.

Here are some people I saw there: Makaweli, the last born of the wife of Nailima of Hilo, who has many children and grandchildren in Iosepa. It was this kind Hawaiian lady who took care of Emilia Kalua (f), the grandchild of Keanini of Waikapu, Maui, because both of her parents died; the family of her father wanted to bring back this young girl to live with them. The Circuit Court of Maui appointed me as executor for her portion of the estate of her grandfather, and these are they things which made me visit Iosepa, Utah, and to see firsthand how this Hawaiian girl was living without parents in this foreign land. From what I saw and heard about her there, she was being properly taken care of, and she did not want to come to Hawaii nei.

Also, there is Naihe, a child of D. B. Mahoe of Hana; he is family there; he has eight children living. George Hubbel formerly of Honolulu, his wife, and their children, and so many more other Hawaiians gave their aloha to their family here in the land of their birth. According to some of them, it is their homeland, the treatment of the church elders is good, and the thought to return to the land of their birth is very far away, except for the fact that their aloha for Hawaii is not gone, as for their kin at home with their never-ending thoughts of them.

KALE WILIKOKI [Charles Wilcox]

(Kuokoa Home Rula, 7/12/1912, p. 4)

Huakai imi i na Hawaii ma Iosepa Aina Uta

Kuokoa Home Rula, Buke X, Helu 28, Aoao 4. Iulai 12, 1912.

And more yet from Lei Day in Hilo, 1928.

The lei that took first prize and made with great skill by Mrs. Lulu Kawelu—that truly beautiful lei was made from the flowers called “Ka ui o Olaa”¹ [Olaa Beauty], and it was made in 4 hours and a half by Mrs. Kawelu.

¹This plant is also known as “Nani o Olaa”.

(Hoku o Hawaii, 5/8/1928, p. 2)

O kela lei i lilo ai ka makana helu ekahi...

Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Buke XXI, Helu 48, Aoao 2. Mei 8, 1928.

More Lei Day in Hilo, 1928.


On Tuesday last week, Hilo held a celebration and display of flower lei of all sorts, and this was done at the Bank of Hawaii in Hilo. All types of lei were brought down and they were made will all kinds of flowers of all types, and prizes of all kinds were prepared of gold coins [dala gula?].

The doors of the Bank were opened at seven in the morning, and lei of all types were brought in from then on until 10:00 A. M. of that morning, and then the doors were closed to bring in the judges.

However the bringing in of lei to put on display by others after that was not barred. Entered were all types of lei of all sorts; for instance, lei made of various flowers, and some lei were woven with the buds of the lehua, and lei hinahina, and lei pukamole of all sorts. Also brought for display were some oo bird feathers, and feather lei of various birds, but they were not there for judging, they were just there to show the many beautiful kinds. Some of those lei of oo bird feathers are valued at $1,700 for one.

The placing of the various lei were organized by the Committee chosen earlier, and also chosen before were the judges who would decide which lei won the prizes, and they were Miss Ivy Richardson, Mrs. Emily Sexton, and Mrs. S. L. Desha, Sr. Also selected was the one who would announce the winning lei and he would also hand out the prizes decided upon by the lei judges.

From the time when the Bank was opened until the time when the awards were given, there was approximately five-thousand visitors who entered to look at the many lei, and voices of appreciation were heard from the mouths of many attendees, and the crowd expressed their joint feelings to rouse this new Hawaiian spirit, and that this event will be commemorated always from now on. There were countless [hewa i ka wai] lei that were crafted of all sorts, and it was truly a difficult task for the Judges to give their decision on some of these lei.

When the many lei were brought in, the name of the maker was immediately announced, and a number was given to the lei, so therefore the judges did not know who strung the lei, or crafted them with great skill.

When the period for the competition lei to be entered was over and the doors were closed to the entry of lei competing for the various prizes, the judges began to examine each lei, paying attention to make up of the lei, and how it was crafted, and how cleanly it was made and how neat they were as well. [They were judged] not on just how pretty the flowers were, but on how the lei were made.

In the examination by the Judging Committee, their job was tremendous, being that there were just so many beautiful-looking lei of all sorts, but some were distinguished by how they were made, in that they were woven with true craftsmanship, or by how the flowers were sewn into the lei. By those qualities did they hand down each of their judgements.

There were two competition divisions that were entered, those being lei entered by individual lei makers, and lei entered by a group, and many different schools entered their lei. The Judges awarded the First Place Prize to the beautiful lei entered by Mrs. Lulu Kawelu, and that was a prize of $30.00 and the second place prize went to Miss Charlotte Lyman, $20.00.

To the Women’s Association of Hilo went the first prize of $20.00, for the lei entered by a group; and the First Place Prize of $20.00 for the beautiful lei entered by a skilled maker of lei—to Mrs. Susie Naope with a lei of Red Lehua skillfully woven  and wound with white lehua, and by weaving this lei, that prize went to her.

As for the schools, the prize of $15.00 went to the Mauna Huihui School, and the second place to the school children of Puumaile Home, a prize of $10.00.

To Hilo Junior High School went the first place, and to Kapiolani School the second place; $15.00 was the first prize and $10.00 was the second prize. The school that was the luckiest was the Kurtistown School, whose principal is Miss Mary Nailima—to them went the first prize and second prize, $15.00 and $10.00.

Kahu S. L. Desha, Sr. announced the winners of the prizes and it was he who presented the prizes. Some people had all sorts of ideas regarding the decisions of the judges, but the Judging Committee did as they thought was right. It is difficult indeed to please everyone, but they did what they could, and should you, O Fault Finders, be in their place, there mostly surely would be those faulting your decisions. The thing sensed by the crowd there at that time was the new Hawaiian spirit; and this event will become something that reawakens the spirit of Hawaii of times past.

(Hoku o Hawaii, 5/8/1928, p. 2)


Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Buke XXI, Helu 48, Aoao 2. Mei 8, 1928.

May Day Queen, 1941.

Became Queen

The picture above is of Mrs. Hazel Carter Yuen, the one chosen as Queen for the upcoming Lei Day, the 1st of May, held by the Hawaiian Civic Association [Hui Kiwila Hawaii] of Hilo. She received the most ballots from amongst her running mates, and on the night of this past Saturday at the Holoku Ball of the Hawaiian Civic Association the one who took the win was announced.

(Hoku o Hawaii, 4/9/1941, p. 1)

Lilo i Moiwahine

Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Buke XXXV, Helu 50, Aoao 1. Aperila 9, 1941.

Excerpts of “Strangling Hands…” appearing in the Hawaiian-Language Newspaper. 1897.


[This article is taken from the famed “Strangling Hands upon a Nation’s Throat” article by Miriam Michelson, which appears in the San Francisco Call, 9/30/1897, pp. 1–3. The introductory paragraphs go:]

For the benefit of our readers, we are taking some ideas printed in the newspaper San Francisco Call, written by the pen of Miss Miriam Michelson, on the deck of the ship, Australia, on the 22nd of September.

Remember that this woman newspaper reporter was the woman reporter present at the meeting of the Patriotic League of Hilo held at the meeting house of the Salvation Army in Hilo Town, and this is what she reported: . . .

(Aloha Aina, 10/16/1897, pp. 6 & 7.)


Ke Aloha Aina, Buke III, Helu 42, Aoao 6. Okatoba 16, 1897.

Mai ka aoao eono mai.

Ke Aloha Aina, Buke III, Helu 42, Aoao 7. Okatoba 16, 1897.