“Missionary Herald,” 1821–.

 Here is another reference available online. This publication was put out by the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM), reporting home to America on their work throughout the world. Of particular interest to us is what they say about Hawaii. Here for instance is an article appearing in the year of the overthrow, 1893.

The position taken by the United States Secretary of State in regard to affairs at the Hawaiian Islands is simply astounding. That he should suggest that the United States interpose for the restoration of the late Hawaiian Queen seems almost incredible. Even were it admitted, as it is not, that our representatives at Hawaii afforded unwarrantable aid to the revolutionary party, it is a strange suggestion that, after this lapse of time, our government should reseat upon the throne one who had forfeited all her rights to it, and whose influence was only detrimental to the interests of the islands. The so-called royal house of Hawaii has been its curse for years. Queen Liliuokalani had yielded to the corrupting influences which every decent man had recognized as becoming more and more potent in political affairs at the islands, and by influences which she knew how to exert on the worst classes, she secured the passage of the bill giving a home on Hawaii to the infamous Louisiana Lottery which had been driven out of the United States. Restrictions upon the opium traffic, so necessary for the welfare of Hawaiians, were removed. A faithful cabinet was displaced and men of no character were placed in power. But the final act, which was practical…

(Missionary Herald, 12/1893, p. 510.)


The position taken...

The Missionary Herald, Volume LXXXIX, Number XII, Page 510. December 1893.

…suicide of the monarchy, was the attempt on her part to abrogate the Constitution and by sheer force establish a new one of her own making. Even her subservient ministers refused to endorse the scheme, yet she insisted upon it and sought to incite the populace to stand by her in her autocratic plans. It was then that all the better classes united as one man and deposed her. Never was there a revolution more warranted by facts, never was one more peacefully accomplished, and a queen of worthless character was set aside and the monarchy by its own act came to an end. If Minister Stevens or the commander of the Boston erred in judgment in any transaction, which we are not prepared to admit, yet there is no valid ground for the interference of our government to reverse the revolution months after it was consummated. We do not speak here of the political question as to what it is expedient for the United States to do in reference to a protectorate or to annexation. Opinions of these points may differ, but it would seem as if there were no room for difference of opinion in regard to this question of reestablishing the old monarchy on Hawaii. The best portion of her citizens have asked for some form of connection with the United States. Our government has a perfect right to say yes or no to all these proposals. And the Provisional Government at Honolulu has a right to say to us, “Either accept our proposal or hands off.” We regret to be obliged to speak in such terms of propositions that come from our national administration. We certainly should not do so did we not believe that any attempt to restore the Hawaiian Queen to her throne would be a gross outrage, and would be followed by the most serious consequences to the moral and religious interests of the islands, as well as to their material prosperity. We cannot think that our people will tolerate any intervention which has for its object the replacing upon the throne of a sovereign whose influence will be only for evil.

(Missionary Herald, 12/1893, p. 511.)

Continue reading

On Aloha Aina, 1893.

“Breathes there a man with soul so dead,
Who never to himself hath said,
This is my own my native land.”

Many of those who support honestly the present state of affairs, have done so in the full hope and belief, that thereby the flag of their country—the Stars and Stripes—will float over the land in perpetuity. Not a single Hawaiian, however, even those few whose signatures to annexation petitions (not 200 in number and mostly convicts.) have been bought or forced by necessity from them, desires to see any foreign flag replace his own. Continue reading

More Hawaiian-Language in English newspapers, 1922.


A he ohohia nui no Keoni Waika
Ka elele hiwahiwa a ka lahui
Hui like mai kakou
E koho me ka lokahi.

Hookahi mea nui i anoi ia
O ka pono kaulike o ka lehulehu
Mai Hawaii o Keawe
A Kauai o Mano.

Ua kini ua mano kou aloha
Maluna hoi a o kou lahui
A he sure maoli
Pela io nohoi.

Kiina ko lei i Wakinekona
A ka manu aeko e hii mai nei
Nau hoi ia la elei
No ka nani a o Hawaii.

Eia makou mahope ou
A hiki aku i ka lanakila ana
Goodie idea kela
Lokahi na puuwai.

Hainaia mai ana ka puana
A o oe ka makou i anoi ai
John Wise no ka elele
Feelah goodie kahi manao.

—ILIHIA CLUB, Kalaupapa.

[Chronicling America only has newspapers up to 1922. I am not sure how much longer Hawaiian-Language articles appear in the Maui News, but it is pretty interesting to see that they did appear until at least 1922. Here is a political song written for Keoni Waika, the renaissance man, John Wise.]

(Maui News, 11/3/1922, p. 8)


Semi-Weekly Maui News, 22nd. Year, Number 1215, Page 8. November 3, 1922.

Mary Mahiai, the original story, in English, 1901.


PROBABLY the most interesting woman in all Hawaii is the white-haired old wahine of four-score and ten, or thereabouts, who answers to the name of Mary Mahiai.

Last week an intricate land case came up in Judge Gear’s court and Mary Mahiai was summoned to appear as a witness, her testimony being relied upon to establish the validity of certain patents to extensive and valuable lands, the ancient boundaries of which were in dispute.

The old lady scorned the services of the interpreter on the witness stand and proceeded with her own story in good English astonishing the court and silencing the lawyers as, with Hawaiian freedom of gesture and animated features, she related the details of a most remarkable career.

It developed that she was born on the Island of Kauai before the coming of the first missionary, the arrival of Rev. Hiram Bingham being distinctly within her memory; at the age of seven years, little Mahiai, whose name (meaning “Working in the taro”) had been given her by her mother, went out in a rowboat with her uncle and five other men, starting for Molokai, to “go look see.” A storm came up and the boat was driven out of sight of land, its occupants having no food or drink with them, and suffering terribly from the pangs of hunger and thirst: for ten days and nights they drifted, becoming crazed and unable to cry out, and at last, when all hopes had been abandoned, and it was certain that the frail boat would go to pieces before the end of another day, a sail appeared upon the horizon and the faint outcries and feeble signals of the seven unfortunates attracted the attention of a sailor on board the ship, which was a sailing vessel bound for China. The six men and the little girl were taken on board and treated kindly. When the little girl was able to be about she was given the task of taking care of the captain’s little daughter, and the men were put to work on the ship; the vessel put in at Ladrone Islands, and by their own desire, the five men who had set out with little Mahiai and her uncle, were put ashore. It was afterwards learned that they were eaten by cannibals. Continue reading

Nipper and Hawaiian Music, 1917.


To insure Victor quality, always look for the famous trademark, “His Master’s Voice.” It is on every Victrola and every Victor Record. It is the identifying label on all genuine Victrolas and Victor Records.

All the fascination of Hawaiian music is in these Victor Records

There is a quaint and dreamy beauty to the music of Hawaii as it comes like the whispering breeze from the mid-Pacific. It breathes the lightsome spirit of this land of sunshine. Its laguorous rhythm is typical of Hawaiian life, of the swaying trees, the beating surf, of the joys and sorrow of this interesting music-loving people.

And all the enchantment of Hawaiian music, all the charms of their quaint instruments, all the peculiar beauties of their light voices are brought to you on Victor Records. You are in fancy transported to these far-off islands.

18132 10 in. 75c
On the Beach at Waikiki—Medley Hula (with Ukulele and Guitar by Louise and Ferera) Horace Wright-Rene Dietrich
My Luau Girl (with Ukulele and Guitar by Louise and Ferera) Horace Wright-Rene Dietrich

17701 10 in. 75c
Hawaiian Waltz Medley (Guitar Duet) Lua and Kaili
Kilima Waltz (Guitar Duet) Lua and Kaili

65344 10 in. 75c
My Honolulu Hula Girl In English and Hawaiian (with Quintette) E. K. Rose
One—Two—Three—Four In English Hawaiian Quintette

65348 10 in. 75c
Aloha Oe (Farewell to Thee) (Liliuokalani) Hawaiian Quintette
Kuu Home—Native Plantation Song (with Quintette) S. M. Kaiawe

17710 10 in. 75c
Honolulu March (Guitar Duet) Pale K. Lua-David Kaili
Kohala March (Guitar Duet) Pale K. Lua-David Kaili

17767 10 in. 75c
Hilo—Hawaiian March Irene West Royal Hawaiians
Wailana Waltz Irene West Royal Hawaiians

Hear this fascinating Hawaiian music today at any Victor dealer’s. He will gladly give you a copy of the special Victor catalog of Hawaiian Records, and play any music you wish to hear. And he will demonstrate the various styles of Victor and Victrola—$10 to $400.

Victor Talking Machine Co., Camden, N. J.

Important Notice. All Victor Talking Machines are patented and are only licensed, and with right of use with Victor Records only. All Victor Records are patented and are only licensed, and with right of use on Victor Talking Machines only. Victor Records and Victor Machines are scientifically coordinated and synchronized by our special process of manufacture; and their use except with each other, is not only unauthorized, but damaging and unsatisfactory.

New Victor Records demonstrated at all dealers on the 28th of each month.


“Victrola” is the Registered Trade-mark of the Victor Talking Machine Company designating the products of this Company only.

Warning: The use of the word Victrola upon or in the promotion or sale of any other Talking Machine or Phonograph products is misleading and illegal.

[It is interesting to note that many of these records can still be heard today (although well worn) on Youtube!]

(Bismarck Tribune, 2/20/1917, p. 2)


The Bismarck Tribune, Twenty-Seventh Year, Number 43, Page 2. February 20, 1917.

“Lei o ke Aloha” band making music abroad, 1919.

Hawaiian Musician Boys Making Progress

From the right, Samuel Keaunui, leader and manager; Dan Smith, tenor; John Kahookano, guitarist and steel guitarist; James Holstein, baritone.

There are a great and many Hawaiian youths that have left Honolulu to go to America to sing and play music, with much acclaim everywhere they have travelled, like what has been reported about them in newspapers in America, which makes Hawaiian music famous, and makes Hawaii nei famous as well.

There has been a letter received by the Editor of this press, Charles S. Crane, from Jimmy Holstein, explaining the progress made in their singing and music; this is happy news for their many friends here. Here is what he had to say:

“I am sending a picture of the Club “Lei o ke Aloha,” managed by Samuel Keaunui, a boy from Honolulu, that I want you to print in the newspaper if possible.

“We are comprised of five members, and are acting under the Acting Company, Western Show Print Co., of Seattle, Washington. We have just began, but we hope that we will travel all the states as well as Canada, as per the itinerary prepared by Thomas J. Culligan, the one making this club famous in Seattle.

“Currently we are moving from one place to another everyday, aboard trains, ships, automobiles, hardly ever spending more than a night in one place. While constantly travelling, we have much appreciation for this work because of the great delight received from our singing and music; and this is what we strive to attain. We hear much of Hawaii from those who went there and whose desire never ends to go there once again.

“Until now, we hear much of the admiration for Hawaii from the fathers of the poor and the rich, who spent some time there, and this has become something that the Hawaiian boys enjoy.

“Once we were invited to play for a ball, by a millionaire, and because of our find singing, we were invited to parties of prestigious people. The hospitality we received from various people in certain places has been great.

“We are all from Honolulu, and are not drinkers, and this is something which our leader is proud of. We are but youngsters, as seen in the picture; the oldest of us is 26, that being Dan Smith, our tenor, who was with Toots Paka before, that Hawaiian boy that was famous for some time; the club famous for acting.

“Being that we hope to travel through all the states and some of Canada, we will have a long story when we return to our land of birth. I will write to you all the time to tell you how we are doing. For now, there is nothing  we have to complain about, like what we have seen, or the true enthusiasm of the audiences wherever we’ve played at, and we are working in every way to bring fame to Hawaii.

“Since we are getting ready for tonight’s gig, I will stop here; give the boys’ aloha to Honolulu, and my great aloha to the boys of the press.

“Yours sincerely,


(Kuokoa, 8/15/1919, p. 2)

Holomua Ia Poe Keiki Hawaii Hookani Pila

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LVII, Helu 33, Aoao 2. Augate 15, 1919.

Diamond Kekona writes home, 1908.


This past week, Mr. D. K. Kekona received a letter from his child Dimond Kekona [Diamond Kekona], written in the city of Philadelphia, United States of America, telling of how they are doing and their progress of their work in the foreign lands.

These are Hawaiian boys who left the beloved shores of Hawaii nei and sailed to other lands in search of fortunes through singing and playing music with their various instruments. According to what he reported, their work is going well; they receive around $1,425 every week.

They are under the direction of a haole that shows movies named Mr. Lubin, and on the first night that showed the movies in the city of Philadelphia, along with their singing of Hawaiian songs, they received a huge sum of money, and on that night in their estimation, there was about ten-thousand people or more gathered there to see the performance of the Hawaiian boys which they heard about.

In their band is seven actual Hawaiian boys; each of their names are: Dimond Kekona [Diamond Kekona], Charles Kalahila, E. Davis, Frank Forest [Frank Forrest], Harry Parker, Sam and Willie Jones. There are many other Hawaiian bands in America and they travel all over the place.

Here is the gist of the letter:

To My Dear Papa,

Mr. D. K. Kekona, Aloha to you and all the family:—I have found the perfect time to write to you this letter to tell you how we are and how our work is here.

We opened a show in the city of Philadelphia before a large group of people that numbered about ten thousand. Mr. Lubin is our leader, and he shows movies with our assistance in our singing Hawaiian songs along with playing instruments. Hawaiian songs are very popular. The audience was filled with delight and were pleased until the time when the program let out for the night. The money we make is about $1,425 a week and we earn very good wages for the week. We will be touring other places with our singing.

There are just seven of us Hawaii boys. We are all doing good and are in good health. It is very cold here.

(Kuokoa, 11/20/1908, p. 4)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XLIII, Helu 47, Aoao 4. Novemaba 20, 1908.

J. C. K. Hopkins and his band travelling around America, 1914.


From the left to right: Joe Kama; Peter Corney; J. C. K. Hopkins, the leader; the haole to whom belongs the movies; and Moses Kawaa.

The picture above is of some Hawaiian boys travelling around some places in America, along with a movie company, using music to make a living in the unfamiliar lands.

When the Hawaiian boys left Hawaii nei, they did not imagine that they would be singing and playing music in America, but with the passing of time, they found themselves getting together with each other and started this job, getting paid well by the week.

This picture was sent by Peter Corney to his mother here and he also stated that he was in very good health as well as his friends, and that he believes that the day will come when he will become a singer.

This boy left Honolulu nei when some haole came with a steamship in search of workers for a salmon fishing outfit and he spent several months working under his supervisors, and when the salmon fishing season was over, he returned to San Francisco and there he ran into Moses Kawaa and with some other boys, and they planned to go around singing and playing music.

Many here in Honolulu have not forgotten Moses Kawaa, the Hawaiian boy who was made to sleep in the window of the Lewers & Cooke building for twenty-four hours, two years ago.

These boys work under a haole who shows movies, and the movies that he shows all over the place are of scenes of Hawaii, like shots of the crater of Kilauea, shots of surfers, the expansive sugarcane plantations, pineapple fields, and many, many scenes taken in Hawaii nei and sent to America.

(Kuokoa, 3/13/1914, p. 5)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke LII, Helu 11, Aoao 5. Maraki 13, 1914.

On this day, perhaps it is appropriate to remember further indignity faced by the Queen, 1901.

Queen Liliuokalani was Refused Stay at Four Hotels in New York.

New York. Nov. 30.—Queen Liliuokalani arrived here last Friday unannounced, and she was refused stay at four posh hotels: The Waldorf-Astoria, Savoy, Netherlands, and Plaza. After being refused by the Plaza, one of the Queen’s servants saw this and and being that he heard them saying they were headed to the Hotel Roland, he went at once and announced that the Queen would be arriving. When Joshua Aea, her secretary, asked for their best room for some ladies, and for a room nearby for him and his friends.

“Not just anyone is allowed admittance here to this hotel,” said the hotel staff [“kakauolelo” seems to be a misprint]. “Do you have baggage?”

“Sir,” the secretary said while showing a list of their baggage, “I have had enough of all of these frustrations; I am the secretary of the Queen; the Queen is here.”

“Where is this Queen from?”

“This is the Queen Liliuokalani.

Only then was a room in the hotel given. The Queen will be leaving New York for Washington.

The reason  the Queen was barred was that she was thought to be a rich Black [Paele] woman going around trying to pass as a Queen, so that she would be allowed to stay at these beautiful hotels. All of those hotels have a policy not to allow Blacks to stay there. Perhaps if they knew she was the Queen, perhaps she would not have been driven off as we have seen above.

(Kuokoa, 12/13/1901, p. 1)


Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XXXIX, Helu 24, Aoao 1. Dekemaba 13, 1901.

Ia oe e ka la e alohi nei… 1874.

The Birthday of the King.

Monday, the 16th of November, is the birthday of our beloved King Kalakaua. He was born in the year 1833, and he will be making forty-three years old. In the column ‘Ma ke Kauoha’ [By Authority], seen is the Government notice that the birthday of our King will be held as a Day of Thanks to the Almighty God, for the blessings received by our lahui this past year; He has kindly assisted our King and His People in progressive endeavors and in things that will benefit our homeland, and may He watch over the King during His time away from his Kingdom of Islands on His travels.

Therefore, we ask the lahui from Hawaii to Niihau to heed the good announcement of the Government, that this day shall be a day of prayer, and that meetings will be held to kneel and give appreciation to the Almighty Father; and let us not forget to ask of the Heavens to watch over the King who He in his benevolence has placed as a Father to the lahui of these islands in the Pacific Ocean, while He will be travelling to seek blessings for us all.

On Tuesday, November 17th, our King and the Governor of Oahu, J. O. Dominis, along with the Governor of Maui, J. M. Kapena, will go on a trip to Washington to meet with the President of the United States of America.

(Kuokoa, 11/7/1874, p. 2)

Ka la Hanau o ka Moi.

Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, Buke XIII, Helu 5, Aoao 2. Novemaba 7, 1874.